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Full text of "Medicine in ancient Erin; an historical sketch from Celtic to Mediaeval times"

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Britania, Hibernia and Scotia 

From a fragment of an Antient Map of the World drawn in the 
XIII century 




The Bell ci «t. Patrick 



SECTIONAL 
INDEX 



Medicine in 
Antient Erin 9 

Medical 

Knowledge, 
Laws and 
Regulations 
in the Celtic 
Period 22 

Medical 

Education in 
Celtic Times 27 

Disease 
in Celtic 
Times 33 

Medical 
and Surgical 
Treatment in 
Celtic Times 41 

Antient Irish 
Medical 
Manuscripts 49 



St. Patrick 

The Shamrock 

Historical 
Medical 
Equipments 

■ Tabloid ' 

Medical 
Equipments 

Formulary of 
B. W. & Co. 
Products 

' Soloid ' 
Brand 
Products 

■ Tabloid ' 

Brand 
Products 

■ Wellcome ' 

Brand 
Products 



59 
61 

69 

85 

105 

135 

143 

187 




^rcsln^tc^ to 

3Ibe ICtbraru 

of the 

Pxttliersitu of 3Ioronto 

hg 

The Estate of the late 
Professor C.T. Currelly 



Medicine in Antient Erin 

An Historical Sketch 

FROM 

Celtic to Mediaeval Times 



LECTURE MEMORANDA 

Canadian Medical Association 
vv 

Winnipeg 
1909 



BURROUGHS WELLCOME & CO. 

London (Eng.) 

Branches: NEW YORK SYDNEY CaPE T O \V N 

Shanghai 

AND 

101-104, CoRiSTiNE Building 
St. Nkjholas and St. Paul Sts., MONTREAL 



Cn. 80 



Al.l. KK.HIS i;Esi;uvhl) 






679705 




Analysis Cases, ' Soloid ' Brand ... ... ... ... 99 

Antidote Case, ' Tabloid ' Brand ... ... ... ... 99 

Aiitient Erin, Medicine in ... ... ... ... ... 9 

Antient Irish Medical Manuscripts ... ... ... 49 

Bacteriological Case, ' Soloid' Brand ... ... ... loi 

Baths, Medicated 41 

Chemicals, ' Wellcome ' Brand ... ... ... ... 187 

Celtic .Esculapius ... ... ... ... ... ... 10 

Celtic Anatomy ... ... ... ... ... ... 15 

Celtic Colonisers of I"!rin ... ... ... ... ... 9 

Celtic Leech and his rank ... ... ... ... ... 23 

Celtic Midwifery ... ... ... ... ... ... 42 

Celtic Period, Aledical Knowledge and Regulations in the 22 

Celtic Physician's diagnosis ... ... ... ... ... 21 

Celtic Physicians, The learning of ... ... ... ... 22 

Celtic Relieving Officer ... ... ... ... ... 25 

Celtic Surgery ... ... ... ... ... ... 18 

Celtic Sweating-house ... ... ... ... ... 45 

Celtic Times, Cupping in ... ... ... ... ... 43 

Celtic Times, Medical and Surgical Treatment in ... 41 

Celtic Times, Treatment of Wounds and fractures in ... 42 

Celtic Times, Trepanning practised in ... ... ... 42 

" Crimson Branch, The House of the " ... ... ... 17 

Cycle, Carriage, etc.. Chests and Ca.ses, 'Tabloid' Brand 92 

Diancecht a Uruid ... ... ... ... ... ... lO 

" Diancecht's I'orridge " ... ... ... ... ... 43 

Diancecht's Skill as an Army Surgeon ... ... ... 11 

Diseases, Celtic Names of ... ... ... ... ... 35 

Diseases in Celtic Times ... ... ... ... ... 33 

Doctors poison their enemies' wounds ... ... ... 20 

Dressings, Pleated Compressed, 'Tabloid' Brand ... 107 

Druids skilled in Hypnotism ... ... ... ... 11 

Earliest Celtic Physicians ... ... ... ... ... 9 

Early ('eltic Eeeclies... ... ... ... ... ... 22 

Early Irish Physicians, Classical Knowledge of ... ... 51 

' ICiixoid ' Products no 

' Ernulin ' Products ... ... ... ... ... ... 113 

Fees, Laws regulating ... ... ... ... ... 23 

Fees, Scale of... ... ... ... ... ... ... 24 

"Fer-bolg" 21 

First- Aid, 'Tabloid' Brand 102 

Formulary of B. W. & Co. Products 105 



" Furious Death " The 

' Hazeline ' Preparations 

Healing Art in Ireland, Antiquity of the ... 

" Healing Stones '' ... 

Hereditary Physicians in India 

Hereditary Physicians in Scotland ... 

Hereditary Phy.sicians, The Books of the ... 

Historical Medical Equipments 

Hospitals, Early 

Hypodermic Apparatus 

Hypodermic Pocket-Cases, ' Tabloid ' Brand 

Hypodermic Products, 'Tabloid" Brand ... 

' Kepler ' Products 

Leprosy in Ireland ... 

"Les" 

MacAnlega, The Book of ... 

Magic and Charms ... 

Magic Bath of Healing 

Medical Apprentices... 

Medicine in Antient Erin 

Medicine Pocket-Cases, ' Tabloid " Brand 

Nuada's Silver Hand 

OTIickeys, The Book of the 

O'Lees, The Book of 

Ophthalmic Pocket-Cases, ' Tabloid ' Brand 

Ophthalmic Products, ' Soloid ' Brand 

Ophthalmic Products, 'Tabloid' Brand ... 

(O'Shiels, The Book of the ... 

Pastilles, ' Tabloid ' Brand 

Photographic Products, ' Tabloid ' Brand . . . 
Plague in Ireland, Early visitation of 
Plague supposed to be caused by Demons 
Recipes, Curious Celtic 
Roval Phvsician 

St.'Patrick 

Sanitary Towels, Pleated Compressed, ' Tabloid 

Sera, ' Wellcome ' Brand 

' Soloid " Brand Products 

.Suppositories, ' Enule ' Brand 

' Tabloid ' Brand Products ... 

'Tabloid' Medical Equipments 

The Shamrock 

Toothache, Celtic charm for 

Trosdale, a famous Druid ... 

Unqualified Practice... 

' Valoid ' Brand Products 

' Valule ' Brand Products 

' Vaporole ' Brand Products 

' Wellcome ' Brand Products 



Brand 



PAGE 

37 

113 

22 

45 



51 
69 
46 
114 
85 

"5 
120 
40 
21 
55 
57 
15 
27 
9 
89 
13 
53 
53 
88 

125 

123 
53 
126 
127 
37 
39 
55 
21 

59 

131 
132 

135. 

Ill 

143 

85 

61 

58 

17 

24 

182 

182 

183 
187 



FOREWORD 

For many years I have been engaged in researches 
respecting the early methods employed in the healing 
arts, amongst both civilised and uncivilised peoples. It 
has been my object, in particular, to trace the origin of 
the use of remedial agents. Why were certain sub- 
stances used in the treatment of various diseases '^ Was 
their adoption the result of study and practical observa- 
tion, or was it more usually the result of accident ? Were 
the alleged virtues purely imaginary and due to some 
superstitious suggestion ? A consideration of such ques- 
tions is always of interest, and sometimes adds to our 
knowledge. 

There is a considerable amount of information scattered 
throughout the world in folk-lore, early manuscripts and 
printed books, but the difficulties of tracing out and 
sifting the evidence are considerable. I anticipate that 
the Historical Exhibition of medical, chemical and 
pharm^aceutical objects which I am organising, to be 
held in London (Eng.), will lead to the revealing of 
many facts, and the elucidation of many obscure points, 
in connection with the origins of various medicines. 

1 should greatly value any information sent me in regard 
to medical traditions or references to antient treatment in 
manuscripts, printed works, etc. ; even though the items be 
ever so small, they may form important connecting links 
in the chain of historical evidence. 

It is my intention ultimately to place before the pro- 
fession, in a collected form, all the information 1 obtain. 

Henry S. Wellcome 



Thanks are due to the Council of the Royal Irish Academy, to 
Colonel W. S. Wood-Martin. A.D.C., and to Dr. P. W Joyce, for kind 
permisBion to reproduce the illustrations on pages 41. 44. 45, 46. 47. 57 and 5&, 



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' '^S'm>-i wi=l«n<>cnriTi ii«^ic5n*|-iivWi ials ! •mMiw' -^^si wT**?^ 



P H LEBOTOM ICAL ChART 

Or diagram in form of a man, showing veins which may be opened. At 
the end of each line is a short description of the particular vein, with its 
virtues, beginning as follows: "[Letting of] the vein in the tip of the 
nose helpeth the memory and disease of the brain and prevents effusion 



of rheum." 



From an Irish MS., a.d. 1563 



Medicine in antient Erin 

It has been shown from comparative philology that 
the Celts, and kindred races who were the earliest 
colonisers in antient Ireland, originally came 
from the East. Sweeping like a wave across Celtic 

'^ " colonisers 

Greece and Gaul, they eventually settled of Erin 
in parts of Ireland, the Scottish Highlands, 
and in Wales. They brought with them their arts, 
laws and customs, the Brehon, or old Celtic laws, 
which were formed centuries before the Christian 
Era, being the most antient code in Europe. These 
peoples, the Eoinorians, the Nemedians, the Tuatha 
De Danaans, the Firbolgs, and the Milesians, who 
came under the leadership of Partholan, were all 
races derived from one Celtic stock, and spoke the 
same language. The Milesians were the last of the 
races to invade Ireland, and from them the chief 
traditions of antient Erin are traced. 

It is evidenced from these early traditions that 
medicine and surgery were carefully studied and 
cultivated in antient Ireland to a remarkable degree. 

Like the Greeks and other races of antiquity, the 
Irish had their great traditional physicians. Macferbis, 
in his Book of Genealogy, which was com- 
niled in the seventeenth century from early Earliest 

I ■' Celtic 

Celtic records now lost, states : — physicians 

" Thus sayeth the antient authority : 

" The first doctor that was ever in lu-iiin was 
Capa; 

" For the healing of the sick in his time was 
all-powerful ; 



10 MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 

" Eaba,='' the female ph3-sician who accompanied 
the lady Ceasir into Erinn, was the second doctor ; 

" Slanga, the son of Partholan, was the third 
doctor (who came into Erinn with Partholan) ; 

" Fergua, the grandson of Crithinbel, was the 
fourth doctor (who came into Erinn with Nemed)." 

The doctors of the Firbolgs were Dubdha, Dubhlo- 
sach, Cudan, Corinchisnech, Tingin, Fiswchida, Miane, 
the son of Gressach, Aongus and Anternmach. 

The doctors of the Tuatha De Danaans were 
Diancecht, Airmedh, Aliach, etc. 

Diancecht, the only one of these traditional physicians 
of whom we have a fuller record, may be regarded as 
the Celtic ^-Esculapius. He is mentioned by 
iEscuiapius Cormac MacCuilleanain, a. d. 831-903, and 
also in some MSS. of the eighth century. His 
name signifies the " vehement power," and wonderful 
stories are related of his skill. Tradition states that 
he had a son called Miach, and a daughter named 
Airmedh, both of whom are said to have, in some 
respects, excelled him in skill. 

Among the early Irish, as in all the Celtic nations, 
the Druids were the priests, physicians and seers. 
Their doctrines and knowledge were handed down by 
oral tradition from remote antiquity and preserved 
with great secrec}-, so that the people might be more 
strongl)- impressed with a mysterious awe for their 
wisdom and power. 

It is probable, therefore, that Diancecht, the famous 
leech of " vehement power," was a Druid of profound 

knowledge. 

a DruM"" According to an antient chronicler, " These 

leeches were well versed in the book of 

Nature, and were acquainted with many marvels of 

natural magic and the properties of many herbs, and 



* Eaba is the first "lady physician" of whom we have mention in 
Celtic history. She is supposed to have landed and practised in Krin 
about 2000 B.C. 



-« 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 11 

f 

were students of astrology, and learned in the matter 
of omens, auguries and exorcisms." 
They are said to have practised — 

" By force of potent spells and wicked magic, 
And conjurations horrible to hear, 
And set the ministry of hell at work. 
And raise a slaughtered army from the earth, 
And make them live and breathe and fight again." 

It is stated that the Tuatha De Danaan's Druids 
belonged to that early and mysterious body, 
among whom the so-called magic of the Druids 

,^ 11 1 ■ • 111 skilled in 

Jbast was shared, and it is even probable hypnotism 
that they may have been sufficiently skilled 
in hypnotism as to be able to induce others to see 
and hear as their mental superiors desired. 

Amongst others, Ciothruath, the Druid leech of 
Cormac of Cashel, is said to have possessed this gift. 
To some were attributed very special medicinal and 
curative powers. For instance, a drink given from 
the hand of Fion, an early leech, was affirmed to be 
able to heal any wound or cure any disease. 

According to the " Book of Invasions," the antient 
and rival forces of the Fomorians and Tuatha De 
Danaans had each a special Druid leech whose 
duty it was every night to attend to the wounded, 
that they might be ready for the next day's battle. 
The earliest authentic record of Diancecht's 
skill is that mentioned at the battle of Moytura, sk'maT' 
fought in the county of Sligo, between the ^" ^""'"^ 

■' o ^ surgeon 

Firbolgs and the Tuatha De Danaans, where 
it is said he prepared a bath of herbs and plants 
possessing medicinal properties, in the rear of the 
forces, into which the wounded plunged, and arc said 
to have come out healed, owing to the action of the 
" Slan Ici," whicli was regarded as a sovereign remedy 
for all diseases. 

According to the most antient chronicles cited in the 
"Annals of Clonmacnoise," and in those of the " Four 
Masters," the first battle of Magh Tureadh, or Moytura, 



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3 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 13 

which occurred in the year 3273* Anno Mundi, was 
fought near the place now known as Cong in the 
county of Mayo. In that conflict, through which the 
older Firbolgian rule in Ireland was overthrown by 
the Scythian or Tuatha De Danaan race, who then 
carried \\ith them the higher civilisation and arts of 
the East into the countr}', the leader of the latter, 
King Nuada, lost his arm, and the physician, Diancecht, 
staunched the blood and dressed the wound. It is 
further stated that Miach, the son of Diancecht, had 
an artificial hand wrought in silver for the 
monarch, who afterwards bore the name, so ^'^^'^^'^ 

' silver nana 

long remembered in Irish history, " Nuada of 
the Silver Hand." "This substitute," says a Gaelic 
chronicler, "was so exquisitel}- fashioned, and with 
such mobility in every joint and finger, as though it 
was the natural hand." 

The miraculous virtues of this silver hand were a 
fruitful theme for early metrical romance, which, even 
divested from their fabulous elaboration, leave us with 
the impression that this early surgical contrivance was 
really a remarkable mechanical production of great 
artistic skill. 

The chronicler goes on to state that twenty-seven 
years after, in a conflict generally known as the second 
battle of Moytura, where " King Nuada of 
the Silver Hand" fell, and which took place Diancecht 
in the year 3300! Anno Mundi, Diancecht, his son 
jealous of the superior knowledge possessed 
by his son, slew him. In this battle, which was 
fought between the Tuatha De Danaans and the 
Fomorians or Norsemen, who, having taken possession 
of the Hebrides and the Shetlands, invaded Ireland, 
the medical skill and art of the Scythian race was 
again demonstrated. 

According to tradition, it was during this fight that 
Diancecht, who was present with his son and daughter, 

♦ 487 B.C. t 460 li.C. 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 15 



prepared a great healing bath with the principal 
herbs and plants of Erin, and over it pro- 
nounced incantations during the contest. The magic 
The soldiers who were wounded in the fight healing 
were at once plunged into the bath, and are 
said to have emerged whole, so that they were " able 
to fight the enemy again and again." 

" After a time," continues the legend, " there grew 
up from Miach's grave three hundred and sixty-five 
herbs from the three hundred and sixty-five joints 
and sinews and members of his body, each herb with 
mighty virtue to cure diseases of the part it grew 
from. His sister, Airmedh, plucked up the herbs, and 
carefully sorting them, wrapped them up in her mantle. 
But jealous old Diancecht came and mixed them all 
up, so that now no leech has complete knowledge of 
their distinctive qualities, unless," quaintly remarks 
the chronicler, " the Holy Spirit should teach him." 
The belief that there were three hundred 
and sixtv-five joints and members in the ^'^"''^ 

•^ ■' anatomy 

human body is also mentioned in the old 

Irish treatise " Na Arrada," which is said to have 

been written about the eighth century. 

Another tradition of great antiquity referring to the 
art of healing, states that after the Milesian invasion, 
which immediately succeeded the first appearance of 
the Picts in Ireland, there is record of a British, or 
probably a Cymric, people who, having landed on the 
south coast of Ireland, violated the tribal customs by 
poisoning their spears and arrows, in order that the 
wounds inflicted might prove either mortal or incur- 
able. " On this," says the historian, " Crionthan, 
Governor of Leinster, applied to his northern allies, 
the Picts, for assistance as to how he should best 
meet their treachery. They immediately procured 
him the Trosdale, one of their most famous Druids, 
renowned for his skill in physick, who would provide 
an antidote against the poison." Accordingly, at the 
next battle, which was fought on the banks of the 



~s^Wv^l^KlffBm 



>•> 



CD ti 




MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 17 

Slaney, the Druid is said to have arranged a bath of milk 
at the rear of the army, into which the wounded 
soldiers were plunged. Of this Trosdale it xrosdaie, 
is recorded that he could make a bath of the ^1^^^°"^ 
milk of white-faced cows which would render 
the body of him who bathed in it invulnerable to the 
wounds of poisoned arrows. 

Diancecht's teaching was spread abroad by his dis- 
ciples in a similar manner to that of the Asclepiades 
of antient Greece. When the palaces of Tara and 
Emaniah were at the height of their splendour, tradition 
states, that adjoining the latter was a building called 
Teagh Na Cracibhe Raudhe, or the " House 

r 11 r^ • T-> u .) u iU A The "House 

of the Cnmson Branch, where the renowned of the 

champions of the court lodged their arms gr^ch" 

and hung up their trophies. Near to this 

was the Royal Hospital, called the Broin Bearg, or 

the " House of Sorrow," where the sick and wounded 

were lodged and attended with special care. 

This institution seems to have sprung from ^^yj^^^ 

a description of knight-errantry, like that 

which characterised the Hospitallers in later times, 

and heroes of the " Red Branch " are said by historians 

to have made a very considerable figure, even in foreign 

countries, in those days when chivalry was the surest 

road to fame. 

Among the trophies which are said to have been 
exhibited in the hall of the " Red Branch," were balls 
composed of the brains of distinguished fallen foes, 
just as the Indian strings the scalps of his enemies to 
his girdle. Certain mystic powers were attributed to 
these brain balls, and it happened that one of them 
was stolen from among the trophies, and, during 
an engagement which was fought shortly after, was 
slung with such force at Conner, King of Ulster, that 
his skull was fractured. The use of compressed 
cerebral substance in modern medical practice is 
well known, but its employment as a projectile is 
probably unique in the annals of warfare. At once, 



18 MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 

Fineen Faithaig, one of the King's principal leeches, 
was sent for, who, upon examining the wound, promised 
to put his skill into operation provided the nobles in 
attendance would give their consent to the remedies 
he might employ. The chronicler goes on to state, 
that the wound was at length cured by the physician, 
whose advice to the King was worthy of the most 
enlightened practitioner of the present day. He 
recommended him to a\oid all exercise that might 
disorder or ferment his blood, not to ride hard, not 
to be incontinent, and to keep his spirits cool and in 
proper motion. Some time afterwards it is stated that 
Conner, giving way to rage, the wound burst open, some 
of the blood flowed out, and he died upon the spot. 

In the Book of Leinster, written in a. d. ii6g, and 
which was compiled from far earlier sources, another 
account is given of this curious and interesting legend 
bearing on early cerebral surgery, which runs as 
follows : — 

" Conner Macnessa, who was King of Ulster at the 

period of the Incarnation of the Redeemer, having been 

wounded in the head by a ball from a sling 

Celtic j -J conflict at Ardnurach, was carried back 

surgery ' 

to his home, where his physicians resolved 
not to attempt to extract the ball, but succeeded by 
palliative treatment in restoring him to health. They, 
however, strictly enjoined him to avoid for the future, 
amongst other things, all violent exercises, riding on 
horseback, or any mental excitement or anger. For 
many years he followed these directions, and continued 
in health, until at last, at the time of the Crucifixion of 
our Lord, observing the solar eclipse and other atmo- 
spheric terrors of that awful day, he asked Bacrach, his 
Druid, what the cause of it was. The Druid consulted 
his oracles, and answered b\- informing the King that 
Christ, the Son of the Living God, was at that moment 
suffering at the hands of the Jews. ' What crime has 
he committed ? ' said Conner. ' None,' replied the Druid. 
' Then they are slaying him innocently ? ' said Conner. 



20 MEDICINE IN- ANTIENT ERIN 

'They are,' answered the Druid. Then Conner burst 
into sudden indignation at the words, drew his sword, 
rushed out to the wood of Laimbraidhe, which was 
opposite his palace door, where he began to hew down 
the young trees there, exclaiming, ' Oh ! if I were 
present, it is thus I would cut down the enemies of the 
innocent man ! ' His anger began to increase, until at 
last the fatal ball, which was lodged in his skull, 
started from its place, followed by the King's brain, 
and Conner Macnessa fell dead on the spot. This 
occurrence happened in the fortieth year of his reign ; 
and he has been counted since as the first man who 
died for the sake of Christ in Ireland." 

In the Book of Ball^inoate, and more at length in 
the Book of Lismore, an account is given of the illness 
of Teige of Mackein, one of the Munster princes, who, 
with Luigad-Laga, a renowned warrior, undertook to 
restore his kingdom to Cormac McArt. A battle was 
fought at Crinna, in Louth, and gained by the adherents 
of the monarch of Tara, but both the Munster chief- 
tains were badly wounded. The}- were carried to Tara 
to be cured, but the doctors of the King of Meath, 
forgetful of the allegiance due to themselves, and to 
their art, were induced, either by Cormac or 
poison their his attendants, to poison the wounds of the 
enemies' Munstcr champious. The method bv which 

wounds ^ 

this was effected, is certainly curious. Small 
reptiles, portions of poisoned arrows, and an ear 
of barley, which was probably also poisoned, were 
secretly placed in the wounds of the invalids. As the 
poison was intended to work but slowly, an endeavour 
was made to heal the wounds over the substances 
placed in them. Luigad is stated to have recovered 
owing to the circumstance of his wounds having 
opened afresh, and the poison being ejected during 
an acrimonious conversation with the King, when he 
became exceedingly angry. Teige, however, remained 
sick for a year, until his own medical attendant, 
Fineen, arrived from Munster with three of his most 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT EniN 21 

celebrated disciples. Upon approaching the house 
they heard the groans of the wounded man. 

" What groan is this ? " said the physician. 

" A groan from a barb," answered the first pupil. 

" And what groan is this ? " said the physician again. 

" A groan from a living reptile," the second pupil said. 

" And what groan is this ? " the physician said a 
third time. 

" A groan from a poisoned dart," said the third pupil. 

Thus did the physician of that day make his diag- 
nosis ; and the whole scene may be fitly described 
as the first clinical lecture recorded in the 
Emerald Isle. To continue the storv : the a Celtic 

... , 1,1 ^ 1 , • physician's 

physician then entered the house with his diagnosis 
disciples. They placed the coulter of a plough 
in the fire, and blew with the smith's bellows until it 
was red hot. One of the pupils then " made a dart 
at the wound of Teige, and forth came the offending 
bodies." It seems probable that the assistant in reality 
re-opened the wound with the actual cautery. 

Coming to a later period, but still beyond the fringe 
of authentic history, we find in several authorities 
record of a tradition that, in the second centur}' before 
Christ, Josina, the ninth King of Scotland, was 
educated in Ireland by the native phvsicians, \'^°^''.^ 

•' r" .. J physician 

and that he wrote a treatise on " The Virtues 
and Powers of Herbs." Whatever credit we may 
attach to this story, it shows that the physicians of Erin 
had a reputation for great skill at a very early period. 

The medicine bag carried by these early leeches 
was called " les " ; and how general was the 

• 1' The 

custom IS indicated by the expression in the doctor's 
" Amra" that a leech without his medicine bag ^^^ 
was called a " fcr-bolg." This term more generally 
means a bag for carrying a set of chess-men. 

These interesting old legends, which probably are 
not without some grains of truth, serve to give us some 
idea of the healing art during the mythological period 
of Celtic history in Ireland. 



22 MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 

Medical Knowledge, Laws and Regulations in 
THE Celtic Period 

It has been said that the practitioners of the healing 
art in Ireland are the legitimate heirs of what may 

be termed the oldest professional culture of 
of"thl""^ which there is record in the living language 
i^^lreianT* ^^ ^"'' European nation. " It might be proved, 

by incontrovertible evidence, that when the 
lamp of medical knowledge was yet unkindled in 
most other countries, its light shone with comparative 
brilliance in Ireland. There is still extant a consider- 
able number of antient manuscripts, in many of 
which the distinguished history and high character of 
early Celtic medicine are well illustrated. Even the 

references in the oldest Gaelic MSS. to the 
Early medical practices of nearly 2000 years ago 

Celtic '; , , r • j x- 

leeches are not altogether unworthy ot consideration 
from the legendary or mythical form in which 
they have reached us. That form was as inevitable in 
these as in other records of similar antiquity, e.g. the 
Homeric poems. For in Celtic Ireland, as in antient 
Greece, such narratives were originally transmitted 
orally in poetic garb, through countless generations, 
until in distant ages they were evidently committed to 
writing, and thus preserved in those now time-worn 
folios in which can still be traced, however dimly, the 
medical art and usages, as well as the social life and 
history, of our remote ancestors." 

From this source it can be gathered that from the 
oldest period of authentic Irish history, the classic 
literature of Greek and Roman medicine was culti- 
vated ; therapeutics, materia medica and 
h,g%fthe" anatomy studied; and surgery, gynaecology 
^^'*''=. and obstetrics practised in Ireland, where 

physicians ^ 

the professors of the healing art were then 
held in high honour. Further, there is clear evidence 
to show that the employment of anaesthetics, and 
even the alleged marvels of modern hypnotism, were, 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 23 

although in cruder forms, anticipated by the antient 
Celtic physicians. 

From numerous instances recorded by chroniclers, 
from the introduction of Christianity in the fifth century 
to about the end of the fourteenth century, some idea 
may be gathered of the medical practitioners of that 
period. 

The " Liaig," or Leea (radically the .same as the 
old English leech), as the physician was called, ranked 
with the higher craftsmen and the workers in 
the precious metals, and he belonged to the The Ceiuc 

^ P , \ . leech, and 

Ollaves, or the highest order of their particu- his rank 
lar caste. He also had equal rank with the 
Aireach Ard, who was a landowner, having twenty 
lieges or retainers under him, ten of whom paid him 
tribute without refection. 

The " Book of Glendalough " states that the physician 
had a separate seat assigned to him at the royal 
banqueting table in that famed locality. According to 
the Brchon laws, he was entitled to his food, and that 
of four of his pupils, at the house of his patient while the 
latter was being healed, but at the cost of the trans- 
gressor if the wounds were caused maliciously. Should, 
however, the wounds break open within a certain time, 
he was obliged to refund his fees, and these were to be 
given to a better physician who was able to keep the 
wound healed beyond the time prescribed by 
the test. This test was a year for a wound of Laws 

regulating 

the hand or arm, a year and a quarter tor one fees 
on the leg, and three years for the perfect cure 
of a wound on the head. After this period neither the 
man who inflicted the wounds, nor the doctor who cured 
them, was held responsible for any after consequences 
which might result. 

Camden says, in describing the Irish nobles : " They 
have also their historians, physicians, bards, poets, each 
of which have lands assigned to them, and each of these 
professions in every territory form distinct families, as 
the Hrehons of one Hneage and name, the historians of 



24 MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 

another, and so of the rest, who each bring up their 
children in their respective arts." 

The services of the leech were evidently much 
appreciated by the Celts, and it was by no means 
uncommon for the tribe to make a grant of land to the 
physician, so that, in the words of the Brehon Code, 
he " might be preserved from being disturbed by the 
cares and anxieties of life, and enabled to devote 
himself to the study and work of his profession." 

A distinction is drawn in the Brehon Code between 
the " lawful " and " unlawful " physician ; it being stated 

that, " If an unlawful physician remove a 
"ractice'^^'' joiut or siucw without obtaining an indemnity 

against liability to damages, and with a notice 
that he was not a regular physician, he is subject to a 
penalty with compensation to the patient." The laws 
against quacks were even more drastic among the 
early Irish than at the present day. 

If a man was maliciously or accidentally wounded, 
he was removed to the house of a leech, who examined 
his wounds, and gave certificates as to their character, 
upon which depended the legal liabilities of the person 
who had inflicted the wounds. If the leech thought he 
could cure the wounded man, he gave security for his 

proper treatment ; and in return received 
Scale of security for his fees ; these varied with the 

rank of the patient. For healing a bishop, 
the leech was entitled to receive forty-two cows, and 
so downwards through various grades to the "houseless, 
homeless man, the houseboy, or slave," for whom the 
leech's fee was reduced to "two cows." 

Of every cow killed for his chieftain's family the 
kidneys were assigned to the " physitian," and of every 

sheep, the shoulders to the astronomer. 
The Celtic physicians appreciated the value of 

physician's , ,. r -i ■ 

house con- cleanluiess, pure water, and free ventilation 

hos^jTiai^ ill the treatment of the sick and wounded. 

The doctor's house, under the provisions of 

the Brehon laws, was the appointed place where the 



."MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 25 

sick were to be treated ; and, as a matter of fact, until 
the fifteenth century, wounded men, including the chiefs 
of Septs or tribes, were frequently taken to be healed of 
their wounds in the house of a physician. These houses 
were ordered to be built either on the bank of a running 
stream, or with such a stream passing through the 
precincts of the house. The building was to be 
provided with four doors with the object of allowing 
all that took place within it to be open to inspection, 
and further, to permit one door being left open 
whichever way the wind blew. The hot-air bath was 
employed for the cure of rheumatism, and shampooing 
was largely practised. 

There is much in the system of medicine as practised 
by the early Celts of Ireland which connects their ideas 
and practice with that contained in Sanskrit works on 
the healing art, and there can be little doubt that the 
Celts carried witli them from their Aryan homes many 
of the practices of the healing art which are mentioned 
and embodied in the Brehon laws. 

The Celtic relieving officer saw to the relief of the 
sick poor, and had large powers, for he was entitled to 
levy a rate in kind on the landowners of the 
district in which he resided for the mainten- ceitic 
ance of the " wretched and wandering poor." officer 
This officer is described as a " pillar of endur- 
ance," a true Celtic idea of a relieving officer ; he was 
further to " suffer a reddening of his face without insult 
to his tribe " ; in other words, he was not to consider 
himself disgraced because he was abused by beggars. 
Each tribe was chargeable for the maintenance of its 
own '• sick men and women, and for the keep of those 
who were incurable." \\'e learn also, "with respect to 
sick maintenance," that it included the attendance of 
'• a physician, and for providing food, bedding and 
lodging, and from granting the sick man things 
prohibited by the physician." 

Ahiiost every leech took apprentices, who lived in 
his house, and who learned their art by the teaching 




■^i^u^iiii 



Stone Effigy of St. Brendon 
At the antient Cathedral at Ardfert 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 27 



or lectures of the master. They accompanied him on 

his professional visits. For this instruction 

a fee was paid which included their keep, ^p^.^'lfj-^es 

clothing and lodging during the period they 

were "at their learning." Campion, who wrote in 

1571, says of the students: "They speak Latin like a 

vulgar tongue, learned in their common schooles." 



Medical Education in Celtic Tia\es 

It seems probable that education was fairly well 
diffused in Ireland during the Celtic period, and 
immediately after the introduction of Christianity, 
several schools of learning were established. Amongst 
these were Clonard, founded in a. d. 530; Roscar- 
berry, in the same century; and Armagh, founded by 
St. Patrick. It is quite probable that medicine was 
taught in many of these schools. 

The ruins of many others, such as Clonmacnoise, 
Cashel, Maelick, Portumna and Monasterboice, still 
attest the culture and art, as well as the pieLy, of iueii 
founders — one at least is of special interest as of a 
distinctly medical origin and character, namely, Tuaim 
Brecain, near the present town of Belturbet. This 
college, as Dr. Healey, in Bif Clonfert, has shown, was 
estabhshed by a medical practitioner of no little 
eminence — St. Brecan — whose skill is celebrated in the 
early Irish annals. 

St. Brecan was the son of Findloga, and a disciple of 
St. Finian at Clonard. He is said to have worked 
many luiracles of healing, and died a. d. 578. 

The educational courses and numerous gradations 
adopted in the Celtic colleges or universities, " grew so 
intricate and complicated, that in the case of the legal 
profession, the Hrehonship was confined to a few 
families, who transmitted from generation to generation 
the key to the interpretation of the written and 
customary law." So, in like manner, the profession 




J '" 

o^ 



to 
Ci) o 

I s 

^ E 
c 
_o 

O 






MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 29 



of medicine then also became hereditary in certain 
families, whose medical knowledge was largely derived 
from antient MSS. and tradition. Handed 
down from father to son, its exclusive posses- a/ '""^ 
sion, in some cases, was recognised as proof ''^^f^^ggfj^ 
of their right to be regarded as the medical 
attendants of their respective clans. Several of these 
documents are still extant in the Royal Irish Academy, 
or elsewhere. Thus, we have the O'Lees, the heredi- 
tary physicians of the O'Flahertys of Connaught ; the 
O'Shiels, the elder who died in 1548, the medical 
attendants of the MacColghans of Devlin ; the 
O'Hickeys, the body physicians to the O'Briens of 
Thomond ; the O'Cassidies, one of whom died in 1322 
and another in 1335, the leeches to the Maguires 
of Fermanagh ; the Callanans, to the O' Kennedys ; 
the O'Canavans, to the MacAnleaghas, the four 
O'Dunleavies, who died in 1395, 1527, 1567 and 1586, 
respectively ; the O'Mearas, the O'Connels ; and many 
others. It is further recorded that certain territories, 
consisting of five acres, were allotted to these chieftains 
for the support of their ph3'sicians, and many of these 
lands, it is said, can still be identified. From the 
name O'Ley or Lye, being a corruption of the Irish 
word " liaig," signifying doctor or physician, it is 
probable that the family of this name was amongst 
the oldest of the hereditary physicians of Ireland. 

In a state of society such as prevailed in a country 
so subjected to constant warfare and repeated preda- 
tory invasions as Celtic Ireland, the presence of "one 
skilled their wounds to heal " was an obvious necessity 
in the entourage of each knight or chieftain. That 
office was accordingly held in high esteem, and was 
habitually filled by the head of some one of the 
families of hereditary physicians, whose social status 
and emoluments were distinctly defined by the Brehon 
Code, and who were then freely rewarded by their 
patrons and patients. Thus, Ballygally Castle was the 
property of the Neillans, who were hereditary physicians 




X 

O 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT HRIN 31 



to the royal house of Thomond. Desmond's medical 
Ollave was assigned a townland, together with a town 
house in Youghal, for his fee ; and, by a deed dated 
1673, Lord Courcy granted Rotheric, son of Maclmora 
in M'Beha, physician, half a townland in Rinrone in the 
highway called Glanquill, to hold free " with medicinal 
dignitv. liberty and profits," throughout his lordships of 
Rinrone and Rinsale. 

The reputation of these hereditary Irish physicians 
long outlived that of most of the other professions and 
arts of the remote period of which this system was 
the outcome, and was not confined to their own country 
even in the seventeenth century. 

A similar system to that which prevailed in Ireland 
still exists in some parts of India, where, as Voyse 
states, the families who claim the right of 
practising medicine, do so in virtue of their Hereditary 

. . n/r ^f^ physicians 

possession of inherited antient MSS., or in India 
" shastras," which are jealously guarded by 
their owners, and not permitted to be sold or copied. 

In Scotland also, in Celtic times, the practice of the 
healing art was in some instances hereditary. Thus, 
a pulmonary disease called " glachach " was 
also called -'the Macdonalds' disease" in the ceYtic'^*^ 
Highlands, because the gift of curing it was Pj'^s'coi^nd 
ascribed to certain families of that name. 
In Ireland, the last survival of this system exists in 
the instance of a family named M'Govran, in the parish 
of Killinagh, in the county of Cavan, where they have 
long enjoyed a wide reputation as the possessors of 
a cure for hydrophobia, by a method of treatment 
which has been handed down from an unknown 
antiquity, and the secret of which has been carefully 
preserved in their hands. 





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MKDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 33 



Disease in Celtic Times 

Nearly all diseases were attributed by the Celtic 
Irish to what they termed " Meillt-eorcacht," or "fairy 
strokes," a similar idea to that which prevailed among 
other primitive races, where disease was believed to 
be due to e\il spirits or demons. 

Sir William Wilde, who prepared statistics of disease 
from the Irish MSS. written in the earliest times, 
was able to tabulate seventy-five diseases 
accurately described by the early leeches. Diseases 

. , J. ,, in Celtic 

" The Irish terms for the prmcipal diseases, times 
he states, " were of far more appropriate 
significance than those used in EngUsh, or derived 
from the Latin or Greek." 

The general names for disease, sickness, or ailment, 
were galar (still used) and sometimes teidin. Other 
words now used are brcoitecht, cagenias and aicia. 
Many of the diseases and epidemics we are now 
acquainted with were known and studied by the early 
Irish physicians. Smallpox was known by the name 
of bolgoch, or " pustule disease," and galar brecc, 
the " speckled disease." Consumption was known 
as anfobracht, or aubobraclit, which, according to 
Cormac's Glossary, is a person without bracht or 
" fat," and in the Brehon Code it is termed " one who 
has no juice or strength." Murkertagh O'Brien, King 
of Munster, appears to have fallen a victim to this 
disease, and retired to the monastery of Lismore, 
where he died. Diseases of the bladder or kidneys 
were called galar fiiail, literally "disease of the urine." 
Gout in the hand is expressed in Irish as crtipan na 
lam, and ophthalmia as galar siila, "disease of the eye." 
The word criipan is still used in parts of Ireland to 
describe a paralytic affection in cattle. 

There is a record of an early King called Acd 
Pjaridnech, or "Aed of the shivering disease," which 
was probably ague ; while palsy was known by the 
words "trj//;," shaking, and "hiiii," :i hand. Epilepsy 




.- ajfl i M T iia ft B - '■ i ir.-,-Tnif i n ■ ■ ! -— 

cmt duftfamtajgre atttancccomrcccfrtflcb 
lj€ftcer*flnu{bmotegmnt7 peine aet^eafe 



St. Patr ick 
From an MS. of the XV century 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 35 



was known as galar poll, or " Paul's sickness," from a 
belief that St. Paul, after one of his visions, had a 
seizure of this disease. Those suffering from 
it were called taliiiaidlieacli, " prone to the ceitic 

. names of 

earth." There is also a record that m diseases 
A.D. 653, St. Camin, of Inis Celtra, died in 
that year of kiiic-bntrr, "fire of swelling," St. Anthony's 
fire, or erysipelas, which " withered away all his body, 
so that his bones fell asunder when laid in the grave," 
which points to the fact that ergotism was rife in 
Ireland as early as the seventh century. 

According to Zeuss's Glosses of the eighth century, 
cancer is expressed by two Irish words, tiithle and 
ailse, and diarrhoea was called hnimiecJi. 

In early times, when great plagues were of frequent 
occurrence all over the world, Ireland was not exempt. 
A pestilence of any great mortality was 
denoted by several words, the most usual Celtic 

, . . words for 

bemg " tain " or " tauilt." " Teiain ' also was piague 
often used ; but it was always applied to 
any severe seizure in an individual, such as colic. 
" Dunebath " is a plague, literally " man death." 
" Dibath " and " ar " are often used in the same 
sense, as in " bo-dibath " and " bo-ar," both denoting 
cattle plague, from "bo," a cow. In later times the 
old "Z'/rti^," a plague, was borrowed from the Latin 
plcii^a. Lastly, a terrible pestilence of any kind was 
designated by the old word '■'■ scaub,'" which means a 
besom or broom. 

The victims of a plague were commonly buried in 
one spot, which was fenced round and so preserved 
as hallowed ground. In Cormac's Glossary it is said 
that the place of such wholesale interment was called 
'' tauilachta" or '' tainlaclit" i.e. "plague ground." 

On Tallaght Hill, near Dublin, are still to be seen 
a number of early graves and burial mounds, in which, 
according to tradition, a Partholanian colony once 
settled there, succumbed to plague in the space of a 
week. 




St. Bridget 
Patroness of Erin^A.o. 453-525 

St. Bridget shares with St. Patrick the glory of being one of the 
earliest saints of Erin. She is said to have been brought up by a 
Druid, who bought her mother as a slave. From her infancy she is 
said to have performed miracles of healing. 



MKDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 



37 



From antient records it appears that Ireland in 
Celtic times was visited by several severe plagues, 
and the first of these is said to have destroyed 
a whole colony of Tuatha De Danaans, at visitation 
Howth, in the year 1180 B.C. A later visi- °^,\llf^„l 
tation was one that was destined to have a 
considerable influence on the history of the island. 
In the year 541, about a century after the arrival of 
St. Patrick, it is recorded that a plague called "blessed" 
broke out. Among the victims is said to have been 
a beggar who swore falsely by the hand of St. Kieran, 
his head being severed from his body by gangrene. 
This plague again recurred in 544, and was called 
"■ crom chonail,'" the yellow mange, or the yellow plague 
of King Conal. It is said to have lasted for three years, 
and to have carried off five of the Irish saints. It is 
described by Adamnanus, who lived in the seventh 
century. The return of the plague is recorded in 
the year 554, and again in 576, when it was called 
'• lepra." The coincidence of this period with that of 
the great plague of Justinian, which began in 540, 
and ravaged Europe for nearly half a century, leaves 
no doubt of its identity. The plague of Justinian 
was believed to have destroyed nearly one-third 
of the human race, but the last visitation of the 
Irish plague was proportionately of much greater 
severity, carrying oft' two-thirds of the population of 
Ireland. 

In the Chroniam Scutoniiii it is recorded that in the 
year 700 the sea was frozen over between Scotland and 
Ireland, and that famine and pestilence lasted for three 
years, insomuch that men ate one another. In 946, a 
remarkable disease, which was called " readlidibitdli" 
or " furious death," caused the death of both 
men and cattle among the Saxons, Celts and The 

. . p , . , . " furious 

Britons. The ongm of this disease was death" 
ascribed to magic, probably because it was 
not preceded by inclemency of the weather, or any 
other cause that might produce it, and there seems 



^mr 




MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 39 

little doubt that it was contagious. Between 992 and 
1 120, there are five other visitations recorded. During 
the Anglo-Celtic period, at least two epidemics of 
dysentery are said to have occurred. One of these 
ravaged Armagh in the year 1020, after a very 
hot summer, and the other occurred in the spring 
of 1035. 

During the ninth century the death is recorded of 
O'Tindrid, who appears to have been an eminent 
physician of the Celtic period. He was the con- 
temporary of Scotus Erigena, a great literary light 
of his time. 

According to the Book of the Four Masters, a. d. 986, 
" Druidical or magic sickness was caused by demons 
in the east of Ireland, which caused mortality of men 
plainly before people's eyes." 

It was a common belief that the plague was due 
to some malignant demon that roamed the country. 
Thus, in a. d. 10S4, it was recorded that a great pesti- 
lence, which killed a fourth of the men in Ireland, 
began in the South and spread over the land. "The 
cause of this pestilence," says the chronicler, 
" was due to demons, which came out of the supposed to 
Northern hills of the world, to wit, three l^/l^^f^^ 
battalions, and in each battalion there were 
thirty and ten hundred and two thousand, as Oengus 
Oc, the son of Dagda, related to Gilla Lugan, who 
used to haunt the fairy mound every year on 
' Samain ' night. And he himself beheld at Maistin 
the battalion of them which was destroying Leinster. 
Even so they were seen of Gilla, Lugan's son ; and 
wherever their heat or fury reached, there their venom 
was taken. For there was a sword of fire out of the 
gullet of each of them, and every one of them was as 
high as the clouds of heaven. So that is the cause 
of the pestilence." 

During the fourteenth century Ireland was visited 
by the " black death," and whole districts were 
decimated by this terrible scourge. 



40 MEDICINE IN ANTIEXT ERIN 

In the same century, a scrofulous disease of the 
skin and joints, which was known by the name of 
''fiohin" seems to have been prevalent. This name 
appears to have been used sometimes to denote scurvy, 
and sometimes King's Evil. 

In the Book of the Four Masters there is also record 
of a plague called " cliiithe-iia-riglt," or the " king's 
game," but there is no further description of the 
complaint ; while in the Annals of Loch-Ce there is an 
account of a " bed distemper," which is supposed to 
have been ague, called •• galar-na-leptae.''' 

Leprosy seems to have been prevalent in the sixth 
century, the names " clam " and " brosc " being in 
common use for some form of the disease, as 
in^ireiYnd Well as for the leper. The common word 
for lepros}^ is, however, " labor.''' Judging 
from the chronicles, leprosy appears to have existed 
in Ireland from a very early date, but whether it was 
true leprosy or not, it was impossible to say, until the 
sixth century, when the disease was described more 
fully. St. Patrick is said to have healed lepers, 
and at one time to have given shelter to a leper 
in his own dwelling ; and among the accounts of 
miracles performed by other saints leprosy is 
frequently mentioned. An epidemic of influenza is 
described in an Irish MS. of the fifteenth century 
under the names of "■fiiacht " and ^^ sloadhan." 

In the story of the battle of Dunbolg, the young 
warrior, Ron Kerr, having smeared himself all over 
with the blood of a calf mixed with dough of rye, to 
look like a leper, went as a spy in this disguise to the 
enemy's camp. Many other instances are recorded of 
this disguise, which show that the disease was very 
common in Erin in earlv times. 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 



41 



Medical and Surgical Treatment in 
Celtic Times 

In the earliest records of medical treatment by the 
leeches of Erin, the medicated bath plays an 
important part. It was used by Diancecht to ^t^L"'^'' 
heal the wounded at the battle of Moytura, 
and by the famous Trosdale druid at the battle fought 
on the banks of the Slaney. 




^^^ _<vsjs!».v-- 



^..4»^''.--' > 



ToBEiisKAGHT, the well of the Virgin St Athracht or Attracta, near the 

shore of Lough Talt. Believed to cure those suffering from epilepsy and 

nervous diseases. 



Other baths were used for skin diseases, and Cormac's 
Glossary mentions the old '' Jothrucitd,'" the bath which, 
he explains, was used " for bathinf^ sick persons, and it 
is for lepers it is oftenest practised." 

According to the Annals of Tiernach, in the year 
;66, a princess died in consecjuence of having swallowed 
a poisoned draught; which shows at that early period 
the Irisli Celts had a knowledge of poisons. In 



42 MEDICINE IN ANTIKNT ERIN 

Southey's " Morte d'Arthur " allusion is made to Sir 
Tristram having been wounded by a poisoned spear. 
He was advised to go to Ireland, the country from 
whence his antagonist had come, for " there alone 
the venom could be neutralised." He went to that 
countr}', and was placed by King Angnysshe under 
the care of his daughter, who " was a noble surgeon." 

That trepanning was known is evidenced from an 
account written a. d. 637, in which a young Irish 
chieftain named Cennfaelad is stated to have had his 
skull fractured by the blow of a sword, and after 
twelve months' treatment at the School of Tomregan 
in county Cavan, was cured. It is said that 
praTttrjci"^ the "injured portions of the brain and skull 
in Celtic were removed, which so cleared his intellect 

times 

and improved his memory that he became a 
great scholar." The old Irish legend accounts for the 
sudden improvement in his condition by stating that 
his " brain of forgetfulness " was removed. 

In the account of the death of King Concobar 
Macnessa, it is said that the surgeon stitched up the 
wound with thread of gold, because his hair was gold 
coloured. 

Wounds were usually treated with decoctions or 

poultices of herbs mixed with honey, similar treatment 

being applied to broken bones. There is a 

o/woITnds reference to some form of splint, and ampu- 

f"'* tation is advised for gangrenous limbs, though 

fractures o o u 

no details of the method of performance 
are given. Venesection, cupping, and scarification 
were evidently practised, an operation for hare-lip is 
described, and various classes of baths are recom- 
mended. 

Midwifery, as with the antient nations generally, was 
of a primitive and superstitious character. To quote 

a single instance : the bards sing of a certain 
Celtic King Diarmuid, in the seventh century, who 

midwifery c> i i j j 

had two wives, one of whom was bald, and 
the other barren. Upon the head of the one, although 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 



43 



details are not given, a supply of beautiful hair was 
induced to grow, and the other became fruitful after 
the administration of three doses of specially blessed, 
or, as it is elsewhere termed, medicated water. It is 
stated that after the first administration, the lady bore 
a lamb, which was sacrificed as the first fruits of the 
womb ; after the second, a silver salmon was brought 
forth ; and after the third, a son — the famous Aedh. 
Pregnant women were also sometimes taught to kneel 
before the " brash " or " buUan " stones, and to pray 
for their safe deliverance at childbirth. 

There is record of the Csesarean operation being 
performed on Eithne, the daughter of King Eochaidh 
Feidlech. 

Diancecht is said to have recognised fourteen dis- 
orders of the stomach, for which he prescribed mostly 
vegetable remedies; indeed, one of his first supposed 
prescriptions, " Diancecht's porridge," has 

been handed down, and is affirmed to "be the "Dian- 
cecht s 
oldest in the Irish language. It was tor the porridge" 

relief of " colds, phlegm, sore-throat, and the 
presence of evil things in the body, such as worms 
and the like, and it advised hazel buds, dandelions, 
chickweed, and wood sorrel to be boiled together with 
oatmeal, and to be taken morning and evening, when 
the cold or other trouble will disappear." He recom- 
mended, also, a poultice of yellow baywort to be 
tied round the neck for " throat-cats," or sore-throat. 
White frankincense, beaten up with white wine, he 
prescribed to restore memory, and " an excellent 
cordial " was made up with one part gentian and 
two parts centuary, bruised well together and mixed 
with water, to drink. Saffron he considered " a most 
excellent tonic." 

Cupping was practised by the eaiiy Irish leeches, 
who carried with them for this purpose an ^ 

, Cupping 

iron instrument called a gipne. A case is in ceitic 

recorded in the Acallamh, where a physician 

named Bebinn had the \enom drawn from an old 



44 MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 

unhealed wound on Cailte's leg by means of two fedans 
or tubes, by which the wound was healed. It is stated 
that these were "the fedans of Nudarn's daughter 
Binn," from which we may infer that they were 
something more than simple tubes — and were of special 
construction cunningly designed for the operation. 




A SWEA riNG-HOUSE 

on Inishtnurray 



Bebinn or Binn was a lady doctor who also treated 
Cailte by administering five successive emetics, which 
she prepared by steeping certain herbs in water, which 
treatment is said to have restored him to health. 

The frequent mention of women as practitioners of 
medicine in antient Erin shows that the practice of 
the healing art was by no means confined to the 
sterner sex. In Hammer's Chronicle the following 
account is given of another cure effected by a lady 
doctor: — "In the time of Alfred, King of the West 
Saxons, a. d. 872, as Fabian and Cooper have noted, 
there was a grievous malady reigning among the people 
called the ' evil ficus,' which also took the King, so 
that, say mine authors, an Irish maid came out of 
Ireland called ' Modwen ' (whose monastery in time 
of rebellion was destroyed) and cured the King." 

According to the Brehon laws, the probe and the 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 



45 



whip are mentioned as articles, belonging to a physician, 
which might be seized in distraint. 

Another method of treatment employed by the 
leeches of Erin was the hot-air bath or sweating-house. 
The structures in which these baths were given are 
known by the name of ''tigh nallnis," or sweating-house, 
and they are still well known in the northern parts of 
Ireland. They were built entirely of stone, and were 
five feet to seven feet long inside, with a 
very low door through which to creep, and The ceitic 

•^ 1 ■ • sweating- 

were always placed remote from habitations, house 

They were generally built near a pool of 
water some four or five feet deep. When they were 
to be used a great fire of turf was kindled inside until 
the house became like an oven, after which the ashes 
were swept out, and the patient, wrapping himself in 
a blanket, crept in and sat down, when the door was 
closed. He was supposed to remain there until pro- 
fuse perspiration was produced, and immediately on 
emerging he plunged into the cold water, after which 
he was well rubbed until a warm 
glow was obtained. 
,:-'"~"" ^"~"'^ , As in the Highlands of Scotland, 

; "healing stones" were preserved in 

several places, and were 
used for curative purposes. 34"^^''"^ 
A stone of this kind has 
been preserved in the family of the 
Fitzgeralds from a period of great 
anticjuity. It is sometimes called 
the " clock-omra " or murrain stone. 
It was used as a cure for murrain 
in cattle, and for hydrophobia. A 
similar talisman is preserved in the 
family of MacCarthy, and in a church 
near Buckross another healing stone 
exists to which the sick are brought 
on account of its curative properties. Richardson, in 
his " Folly of Pilgrimage," speaks of a wooden image 




The Relio HE4Ling- 

8T0SE neai" Brucklesa 

in Donegal. 



46 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 



of a woman, carved and painted, which was kept in 
the house of the O'Herbebys, and was sent for by 
the sick of the locality as a means of cure, and to 
which offerings of sheep were sometimes sacrificed with 
peculiar ceremonies. Another early chronicler makes 
mention of certain antient " brash " or " bullan " 
stones, which were large stones with holes upon the 
surface, into the larger of which, when water had 
accumulated, persons suffering from rheumatism would 
place their knees, dropping at the same time an offering 
into one of the smaller holes. This ceremony, together 




A CoNAceof sUver, ornamented with azure and amber-coloured crystals, 
used as a charm to wai'd off plague aud diseases of cattle 



with certain washings at an adjacent well, were deemed 
a specific for rheumatic pains. The water found in 
these holes was also beheved to be efficacious for eye 
ailments. 

As already stated, hospitals or houses for the treat- 
ment of the sick and wounded have been known in 

Ireland from a period of great antiquity. 
hoTpftais Before the monastic period the physician's 

house was the hospital for the district in 
which he lived. Besides this, there were other hospitals 
for the use of the people of the tuath or district, which 
were called " forus tuaithe," " the house of the territory," 
which came directly under the Brehon laws. Patients 



MEDICINE IN ANTlr.NT ERIN 



47 



who were able to pay for their food, medicine, and the 
services of the physicians, were expected to do so. 

If a person wounded another or injured him in any 
way without justification, he or his relations were 
obhged to pay for "sick maintenance," and the injured 
one might either go to a hospital, or be treated at home. 
If be went to a hospital his mother was deputed to go 
with him, and her support was also defrayed by the 
aggressor. Another curious, but very necessary, regula- 
tion was, that the " dogs, fools and female scolds " were 
to be kept away lest the patient should be worried. 



fT^,^^ 






^;s 




Celtic Harper 
From a carving of the X century 















I liMIIU ^ Alffil BIWpilWilBglll 








« cU c 




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4)^ W 




C CTJ (1> 


o 


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CU ^mX 




rtnT 




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o :^ to 


Q 


o o 




3J2 V 


< 


"o c o 




: C 


2 


ClM 


(D O.- 


[i] 


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in ^ 




rt S ^ 


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5^1 


a. 






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u 

a: 


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kness 
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< 


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r he 
ther 




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282 




s for 
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« 3 a 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 49 



Antient Irish Medical Manuscripts 

Many manuscripts, written in the early Irish language 
on medicine and the healing of disease, are still in 
existence. Probably the earliest of these was dis- 
covered in the Convent of St. Gall, in Switzerland, 
some years ago, and is stated to go back to the eighth 
century. It consists of several prayers, charms and 
incantations for various diseases. One is for galar 
fiuiil, diseases of the urine, another for long life, and 
another for headache. This last is not addressed to 
any special saint. It invokes "the eye of Isaia, the 
tongue of Solomon, the mind of Benjamin, the heart 
of Paul, the faith of Abraham," etc., ending with 
" Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus, Dominus Deus Sabaoth," 
to which this direction in Irish is added. " Say this 
thing every day for thy head against headache ; after 
repeating it, place thy spittle upon thy palm and put 
it on thy temples, and at the back of thy head, and 
say the Pater thrice thereupon, and draw a cross with 
thy spittle on the top of thy head; and on thy head 
also draw the form of the letter U." 

Another, said to be of the tenth century, which reads 
somewhat like an advertisement for a modern quack 
medicine, begins : " A preservation for the dead, the 
living, for the want of sinews, for the tongue- 
tied, for swelling in the head, of wounds from irfs/ 
iron, of burning from fire, of the bite of the Jw^ss^' 
hound ; it preventeth the lassitude of old age, 
cures the decline, the rupture of the blood vessels, 
takes away the virulence of the festering sore, the 
poignancy of grief, the fever of the blood — they cannot 
contend with it — he to whom it shall be applied shall be 
made whole. Extolled be the EHxir of Life bequeathed 
by Diancecht to his people, by which everything to 
which it is applied is made whole." 

In an early Irish MS. called " Medicina Antiqua," 
the writer begins : " The age of the Lord when this 
book was made was a thousand years and three 




iviK"r.Gi I .^ f ' ^^ J '^14 











L 



A Page from the "Book of the O'Lees" 
A manuscript on medicine, written a.d. 1443 



IMKDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 51 

hundred j-ears and twice twenty years and twelve years 
more. The book was finished in the year that Shane 
Oge, the son of Cu-Aithne, was killed, and it was 
written in the house of the son of DermodO'Meaghere." 
Continuing, the writer states: "These things are gentle, 
sweet, profitable, of little evil, which have often been 
tested by us and by our instructors. And I pray God 
for those to whom this will come, and I lay it on as a 
load and an injunction on their souls that they extract 
not poorly, and that they fail not for want of the 
practical rules, and particularly if they gain nothing by 
it regularly (or devoutly). I implore every doctor at 
the beginning of the work (of curing) that he remember 
the Father of Health (God) that the work be finished 
prosperously ; and let him not be in mortal sin, and 
let him beseech the patient not to be so either. 
And let him implore the Heavenly Father who is the 
Physician and the Balsam-Giver above all, for the 
diseased, to end his work prosperously, and to save 
him from shame and discredit at that time." 

The acquaintance of the early Irish medical writers 
with Greek and other classical medical litera- 

1 • J • 1 Classical 

ture IS proved by there bemg discovered knowledge 
several versions of the works of Hippocrates by^elriy'' 
and Galen, written as early as the eighth ^"^^, , 

•' " physicians 

century. 

The books of the hereditary physicians, which were 
handed down from father to son, contained the learning 
and experience of the antients, in the form 

- . , (■ 1 J • ■ The books 

of recipes, and cures tor almost ever}? imagm- of the 
able disease. The manner in which these p^ldt^s 
books were generally compiled, and the 
motives of the compilers, may be gathered by the 
perusal of the preface of one written in the year 1352, 
which begins: " May the merciful God have mercy on 
us all. I have here collected practical rules from 
several works, for the honour of God, for the benefit 
of the Irish people, and for the love of my friends and 
of my kindred. I have translated them from Latin 



■1 







,;pJ^j,wlw rnaXcuZIWf;!,;,^!.!^. 



'vO,.'' 






.5^ 



■V 

■'vis,. 



-« T -2 ^ 5 



'■^% 


<■ % 


i 


■i 




If 


1 


^j '-JS 


\ 


^^1 


r 
3- 





'^/■i 









->' 




■fT'^ik-. 



A Page from the "Book of the O'Lees" 
A manuscript on medicine, written a.d. 1443 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 53 

into Gaelic from the authority of Galen, in the last 
book of his ' Practical Panteon,' and from the book of 
the ' Prognostics of Hippocrates.' These are things 
gentle, sweet, profitable, and of little evil, things which 
have been often tested by us and by our instructors. 
I prav God to bless those doctors who will use this 
book ; and I lay it on their souls as a conjuration, 
that they extract not sparingly from it ; that they fail 
not on account of neglecting the practical rules herein 
contained ; and more especially that they do their 
duty in cases where they receive no pay on account 
of the poverty of the patients. I implore every doctor, 
that before he begins his treatment, he prays God, the 
Father of Heahng, to the end that his work may be 
finished prosperously. Moreover, let him not be in 
mortal sin ; and let him implore the patient to be 
also free from grievous sin. Let him offer up a second 
prayer for the sick person, and implore the Heavenly 
Father, the Physician and Balm-Giver for all mankind, 
to prosper the work he is entering upon and to save 
him from the shame and disgrace of failure." 

The book of the O'Hickeys, commonly known as 
the " Lily of Medicine," is a translation of Gordon's 
" Lilium Medicinae," written about 1303. The 
book of the O'Lees is a large-sized vellum The book 

, r - • • 1 • T • 1 , of the 

Mh. written m 1443, partly m Latm and partly cHickeys 
in Irish. The pages are curiously ruled and 
divided, so that the writing forms patterns resembling 
astrological figures. It is a complete system of 
medicine, treating among other things, of putrid 
fevers ; of abscesses and pustules ; of wounds, poisons 
and hydrophobia ; of affections of the brain and other 
parts ; of the period of life and the time of year when 
certain diseases usuall}^ come on ; and of the tempera- 
ture or " cardinal point " that influences them. 

The book of the O'Shiels, which was The book 
transcribed in 1657, from some MS. of un- oshieis 
known date not now in existence, consists 
partly of translations and partly of dissertations on the 
medical properties of herbs. 



_|A Page from the "Boo;-: of the O'Shisls 
A manuscript on medicine, written a.d. 1657 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 55 

The book of MacAnlega was transcribed in 1512, by 
Melaghlin MacAnlega (whose name means ^^^ 
"son of the physician"), from an older book book of 
lent him by one of the O'Mulconrys. It 
is a commentary on antient classical writers on 
medicine. 

The following curious recipes, culled from a Celtic 
MS., give some idea of the materia medica of the 
fourteenth century : — 

" For baldness. Let calcine a raven, his ashes boil in 
sheep's suet, and rub to the head, and it cures. Item. 
With mice fill an earthen pipkin, stop the 
mouth with a lump of clay and bury beside a curious 

r 1 , ■ Celtic 

fire, but so as the fire's too great heat reach it recipes 

not. So be it left for a year, and at a year's 

end take out whatsoever may be found therein. But it 

is urgent that he who shall lift it have a glove upon his 

hand, lest at his fingers' ends the hair come sprouting 

out." 

" For paralj'sis. Take a fox with his pelt and with 
his inwards, boil him well till he part from his bones, 
and the patient's body being first well-scoured, bathe 
the limbs or even the whole person in his broo." 

" For falling sickness," says another antient Celtic 
MS. recipe, "put salt and white snails into a vessel 
for three nights, add seven woodbine leaves, mix to 
a paste and poultice for nine daj's." A plaster of 
mandragore and ground ivy laid upon the head is 
also prescribed, " if the patient sleeps will do well, 
if not will not." " Pour wine on one hemlock freshly 
gathered, and drink while in the fit," is another re- 
commendation. For dysenter)', woodbine and maiden- 
hair are prescribed, boiled in new milk with oatmeal, 
to be taken three times a day. For liver trouble 
leaves of plantain are advised, with wild sage, sham- 
rock and dockleaf, with valerian and the flower of 
the daisy, to be plucked by the person before sunrise, 
and fasting, on Monday or Wednesday, whilst saying 
a " Hail Mary " and a " Paternoster." The ingredients 



ijititjSiii 



..ilSw »i 



i.Y r3m:nnb*-i'. 



Ti.cor^s^fis 





..vi-,Mr-^-- 


ta:- 













:-jftraTtn pt^vip erenrit ^ 






A Page from a Manuscript on Medicine 
Written in antient Irish in the XV century 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 



57 



should be boiled and strained, and a glassful of the 
Hquor taken twice a day, the residue of the herbs 
being carefully burnt. For lumbago, dog-fern roots 
were used, with shamrock well cleaned and powdered 
and mixed with butter made on May-day morning, 
with holy salt, into a paste to be rubbed into the 
back, the Lord's Prayer and a "Hail Mary" being 
said, the paste not to be washed off, but to be left on 
"till cured." " Danes'leure" is mentioned for sore 
eyes, and there is ample evidence amongst the old 






Antient Irisli amulets of gold and stoue 



MS. prescriptions that mesmerism and "cures by 
the waving of the hands without contact, and also by 
stroking," were practised in Ireland from druidical 
times. 

When a leech could do no more, and death claimed 
its victim, the medical attendant was always *■ charac- 
ready to take part in the " keens " or custom 
lamentations for the dead, which formed so charac- 
teristic a feature of an Irish funeral. 

As might be expected, magic and charms entered 
very largely into the popular medical treat- 
ment amongst the Irish peasantry, many of ^^fms^"'' 
these charms having been handed down from 
time immemorial, and arc still used in the country 
places to-day. 



r>8 



MHniCINE IN , ANTIENT ERIN 



Celtic 
charm 
for 
toothache 



For toothache, an old Irish charm was as follows : — ■ 
" May the thumb of chosen Thomas in the 
side of guileless Christ heal my teeth without 
lamentation from worms and from pangs." 

Prudent cattle dealers were given certain 
mystical sticks cut from the mountain ash, to cure 
diseases and increase fecundity. Magic ointment was 
prepared, which was affirmed to render the user 
invisible and to reveal things previously unseen. 

Saliva was regarded as efficacious against hostile 
spells and the diseases occasioned by them. Few 




^*"*TS;a»4i>- 



The GaRNAVtLr.A Amulet 

Consisting of a crystal ball in a bronze mount. 

When liung round the neck of an animal, whilst 

feeding, it was believed to prevent disease. 



Irish peasants will conclude a bargain without first 
spitting on their hands to ensure good luck. Piers, in 

his " Account of West Meath," states that 
^selTe'etc. the powcr of curiug burns was supposed to 

exist in the saliva of certain persons, who 
acquired the virtue by drawing a lizard, found in West 
Meath, across their tongue in a direction contrary to 
the scales of the reptile. 

Many other charms of a similar curious nature might 
be cited if space but permitted. 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 59 



St. Patrick 

St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, is said to 
have been the son of a deacon named Calparnius, and 
was born in Dumbarton, in Scotland. He was sold 
as a slave to Milchu, a chief living close to 
the spot where Ballymena now stands, and in'^iislife 
there he li^■ed as a shepherd for six years or 
more. At length he escaped to France, and studied 
under the guidance of St. Merin, Bishop of Tours, and 
eventually became a bishop. In the year 432 he is 
said to have undertaken a mission to Ireland, and 
first landed near the town of Wicklow, but ultimately 
travelled to Strangford Lough in county Down, where 
he founded the first church. 

St. Patrick is said to have worked many miracles of 
healing, including that of curing the lepers, that came 
to him. Tradition states he banished all the snakes 
and poisonous reptiles from Irish soil, and, in proof of 
this, every true son of Erin will confirm the fact that 
there are no snakes to be found in the Emerald Isle 
to-day. St. Patrick is frequently represented as 
trampling the snakes under his feet. 

Legendary lore also connects St. Patrick with the 
shamrock emblem of Ireland. It is said that, when 
preaching one day of the Trinity, he found 
it very difficult to make the doctrine clear, st. Patrick 
until spying a tiny three-leafed shamrock shamrock 
growing on the emerald turf at his feet, he 
gathered it, explaining to his listeners that, as there 
were three distinct leaflets composing the leaf, so there 
were three distinct persons composing the Trinity. 
I'-ver since, the shamrock has been the national 
emblem of Ireland, and for centuries has been worn 
by Irishmen on March 17, the anniversary of 
St. Patrick. 

There is another legend that he was once given a 
cup of poisoned ale by a jealous Druid, who secretly 




S .PATRlClVS'HBERNJyE APO.STOLVi' 
Claruir AnnoDommi CCCCLVin. 



St . Pat rick 
From an engraving of the XVII century 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 61 



wished to compass his death, but St. Patrick made 
the sign of the cross, and repeated the following 
incantation : — 

"Tuba fis fri ibu, fis ibu anfis, 
Fis bru uatha, ibu lithu, Christi Jesus." 

on which, the poison in the ale froze to solid ice. He 
then inverted the cup and the poison fell out. He then 
turned the cup up again, and drank off the now harm- 
less ale. 



The S h a a\ r o c k 

"Oh! the bonny verdant land, 
Where the shamrock grows ! 
Oh ! the hghl on every hand 
Where the shamrock grows ! 
Lovti and faith and truth combine, 
Nourished by a cure divine, 
Wiiere the shamrock grows!" 

The Cehic- Irish, like the antient Britons and the 
Anglo-Saxons, were acquainted with many useful local 
herbs, and amongst these was that 

" Chosen leaf of bard and chief, 
Old Erin's native shamrock." 

Antient bards state it was an object of worship with 
the Tuatha De Danaans. 

Curiously enough, no one can say with certainty 
the exact plani to which the name of shamrock was 
applied. The word seamarog in Erse, or shamrock, 
means " little trefoil," and is appUed to various tre- 
foils by the Erse and Gaelic writers, although antient 
herbalists only mention the sour variety by that 
name. The plants now worn as the Irish emblem on 
St. Patrick's day are the Black Nonsuch {Mcdicagu 
lupiilina) and the Dutch Clover (Trifolium repens). 
The wood sorrel (Oxalis acetosclla) which is indigenous to 
Ireland, is the plant called "shamrog" in the old herbals, 




St. Bridget 
From an MS. of the XIV century 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 



63 




The Maoto Trefoil 
From an MS. of tbe XIV century 



and one early chronicler states it was a sour plant 
and eaten by the Irish. Spenser says: " If they found 
a plot of watercresses or shamrocks, there they flocked 
as to a feast." 
And \\' y t h e r 
wrote: "And 
feed on shamrocks 
as the Irish doe." 
Beyond these 
statements, there 
is no reliable evi- 
dence to show 
which was the 
actual trefoil 
plucked by St. 
Patrick. 

Anglico intro- 
duced the white 
clover into his 
representation of 

the Crucifixion and other pictures, " with a view," as 
Ruskin thinks, " to its chemical character." 

That the shamrock was employed in medicine in 
antient times is evidenced by the early Irish MSS. 
Other MSS. mention its properties as an anodyne, 
both in Ireland and Scotland, women having been 
observed gathering it for that purpose in the latter 
country as late as 1794. The fame of the trefoil, 
however, is by no means confined to these two 
countries. Pliny mentions it as being efficacious in 
" curing bites from venomous beasts." It has been 
depicted as the three-leaf wand of Hermes, the triple 
oracle of the antients, and the trifoliated sceptre of 
Triphyllian Jove. It is frequently shown on heads 
of Isis, Osiris, and also of a Mexican deity. It may 
be recognised on the crown of Persia ; a relic from 
Nineveh also presents an illustration of two sacred 
hares engaged in devouring it ; so it has probably 
been used as a symbol from a period of great antiquity. 



64 



MEDICINE IN ANTIENT ERIN 



Many superstitions are connected with the shamrock, 
and are still believed in some parts of Ireland. If a 
farmer should gather a piece of shamrock and carry 
it home, it will go well with his cattle on May Day. 
The colleen who puts a sprig in the shoe of her lover 
unknown to him when he starts on a journey, may 




The Herbe called Oxys or Wodsorell 
From a woodcut of the XVI century 



make sure of his return to her again. Carried on the 
person it is supposed to detect the presence of evil 
spirits, and, when gathered with a gloved hand and 
carried secretly into a house in which an insane person 
resides, it is said to effect a cure of the afflicted one. 



Maps of Antient Erin 





Map of 1 r e' 



g..^.«<p.:J.^g.-^=™=^^ 




DIN 1 639 




MILITARY MEDICINE CHEST— 1588 
Fabricius, a noted Swiss physician of the XVI century, 
recommended that the military chest should be furnished with 
no less than 362 varieties of medicine, some of which contained 
as many as 64 ingredients. The complexity of arrangement, 
the huge bulk and great weight, the liability to breakage, and 
the complicated inconvenience of medicine chests persisted 
until the introduction of ' Tabloid ' Medical Equipments. 



Historical Medical Equipments 

The Medical Equipments of the present day differ 
notably from those of olden times in two distinct 
directions — diminished bulk, and in purity and efficacy 
of content. This improvement has only been effected 
in the last quarter century ; before that time, cam- 
paigning medicine chests had to be either of enormous 
and unwieldy size, or, if small, they could contain 
only the most meagre supplies. 

In the Middle Ages, owing to the great variety and 
bulky nature of the remedial agents used, the medi- 
cine chests employed in military campaigns 
assumed enormous proportions, and it was Bulky yet 

, , . inadequate 

not until the middle of the nineteenth equipments 
century that progress was made towards 
reducing the bulk of campaigning medical outfits. 







Size of one product of 'Tabloid' 
Cinchona Tincture, min. 30 



Length of 30 min. tube of same 
diameter as 'Tabloid' product 



Early explorers, particularly in Africa, found the 
difficulties of procuring suitable portable medical 
supplies practically insuperable, and the horrors of 
disease and death associated with their expeditions 
were almost beyond description. 



70 



HISTORICAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



When I think [said the late Sir H. M. Stanley, in the 
course of one of his lectures] of the dreadful mortality of 
Capt. Tuckey's Expedition in 1816, of the Niger 
Expedition in 1841, of the sufferings of Burton 
and Si'EKE, and of my own first two expeditions, 
I am amazed to find that much of the mortality 
and sickness was due to the crude way in which 
medicines were supplied to travellers. The very 
ecollection causes me to shudder. 



Early 
expedi- 
tions. 
Mortality 
due to 
crude 
medicine 




7;'A I C.Bi :r!rioi.)C HS V/elI/,COM&. b: Co S 



^^^ 



_/ 



One of the ' Tabloid ' Brand Medicine Chests carried by the late 
Sir H. M. Stanley through "Darkest Africa," and brought back, after 
three years' journey, with the remaining contents unimpaired. 



That a very marked change has taken place can be 
gathered from a more recent speech of this eminent 
explorer, in which he said : — 

In my early expeditions into Africa, there was one secret 
wish which endured with me always, and that was to ameliorate 
■ RT^o-r '^he miseries of African explorers. How it was to 
solved the be donc I knew not ; who was to do it, I did not 
pro em j^^ow. But I made the acquaintance of Messrs. 
Burroughs Wellcome & Co. As soon as I came in sight 
of their preparations and their works, I found the consum- 
mation of my secret wish. On my later expeditions I had 
all the medicines that were required for my black men, as 
well as my white men, beautifully prepared, and in most 
elegant fashion arranged in the smallest medicine chest it was 
ever my lot to carry into Africa. 



HISTORICAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 71 



In his books, Founding the Congo Free State and 
In Darkest Africa, the late Sir H. M. Stanley 
wrote in the very highest terms of 'Tabloid' Medical 
Equipments. 

Amongst other cases used during Stanley's travels, 
is the famous " Rear-Guard " ' Tabloid ' Medicine 
Chest, which remained in the swampy forest ^ 

_ ^■' Contents of 

regions of the Aruwhimi for nearly four Stanleys 

years, and more than once was actually sub- Guard" 

merged in the river. When it was brought ^^^|^ ^^ 

back to London, the remaining contents "The 

Lancet 

were tested by the official analyst of The 

Lancet (London, Eng.),who reported that the 'Tabloid' 

medicaments had perfectly preserved their efficacy. 

The late Surgeon- Major Pakke, Stanley's Medical 
Officer, in his Guide to Health in Africa, writes : — 

The medicinal preparations which I have throughout 
recommended are those of Burroughs Wellcome & Co., 
as I have found, after a varied experience ot None can 
the different forms in which drugs are prepared compare for 

^ ^ _ ^ unfailing 

for foreign use, that there are none which can reliability, 
compare with them ['Tabloid' products] for P°dcon-'^ 
convenience of porlabiHty in transit, and for venience 
unfailing reliability in strength of doses after prolonged 
exposure. 

At this point it is of interest to turn to the ' Tabloid ' 
Medicine Chest, here illustrated, which was discovered 
near Kenia, in the Aruwhimi Dwarf Country. ^ . „ , 

•^ Emm Pabha 

It was the last chest supplied to Emin Pasha, 
Gordon's Governor of the Equatorial Sudan. This 
chest was taken by Arabs when Emin Pasha 
was massacred in 1892, and was recaptured by 
Baron Dhanis, Commandant of the Congo Free 
State troops, after the battle of Kasongo. It was 
subsequently stolen by natives, and finally recovered 
by an officer of the Congo Free State, and returned 
to Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 



72 



HISTORICAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



The following is a copy of Emin Pasha's letter written 
to Burroughs Wellcome & Co. on receiving the 
chest : — 

Gentlemen, — I found the medicine chest you forwarded me 
fully stocked. I need not tell you that its very completeness 
made bound my heart. Articles like those could not be made 




Emin Pasha"s 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Chest 

but at the hand of the greatest artists in their own depart- 
ment. If any one relieved from intense pain pours out his 
blessings, they will come home to you. 

I should like to expatiate somewhat longer on the 
intrinsical value, but sickness preventing me to do so. I wish 
you to believe me, 

0^ '-,/7t'/> layO'f* 



A history of all the ' Tabloid ' Equipments associated 
with African exploration would, of itself, make a large 
volume, and it is only possible to make brief mention 
of a few other instances of their use. 

That 'Tabloid' Equipments excel for military 
purposes has been abundantly demonstrated during 

various British and foreign military cam- 
^'""^dons P^-igns. The following is an extract from 

the (Official (Sobcrnmcut glcport, made by 
the Chief Medical Officer of the last British 
Military Expedition to Ashanti, on the ' Tabloid ' 



HISTORICAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 73 

Brand Medical Equipment which was suppUed by 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co.: — 

The supply of medicines, both as to quaUty and quantity, 
left nothi'ng to be desired. There was no scarcity of any- 
thing. The 'Tabloid' medicines were found to 
be most convenient and of excellent quality. To No delay to 

^ . ' weigh or 

be able to take out at once the required dose measure 
of any medicine, without having to weigh or 
measure it, is a convenience that cannot be expressed in 
words. Time is saved to an extent that can hardly be 
realised, and so is space, for a fitted dispensary, or q^^j. ^^ 
even a dispensary table, is unnecessary. The good, no 
quality of medicines was so good that no other °^ouWbe 
should be taken into the field. The cases supplied taken into 
are almost ideal ones for the Government. They 
are light, yet strong, and the arrangement of the materials 
and medicines is as nearly perfect as possible. 
It is instructive to compare the experience of 
this Expedition with that of the Wolseley Ashanti 
Expedition of 1873, fitted out according to old-time 
methods. The suffering and loss of life were then 
terrible, for want of suitable medical equipments. 

Without exception, 'Tabloid' Medical Equipments 
have been used in all the campaigns of the last twenty- 
five years, and have played an important part in 
combating the diseases which seem inseparable from 
an army in the field. 

During the American war with Spain, in Cuba and 
the Philippines, 'Tabloid' Medical Equipments were 
specially ordered for, and used by, the U. S. Army 
and Navy. 

The Expedition which, under the command of Lord 
Kitchener, defeated the Khalifa and reconquered the 
Sudan, was supplied with ' Tabloid ' Medical Equip- 
ments. 

An illustration of one of the ' Tabloid ' Medical 
Equipments specially designed for, and supplied to, 
the British Colonial Eorces for use in the recent South 
African Campaign will be found on page 74. Similar 



74 



HISTORICAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



cases were designed for, and supplied to, the City of 
London Imperial Volunteers and the Imperial 
Yeomanry. 




One of the ' Tabloid ' 
Brand Medicine Cases 
specially designed for, and 
supplied to, the troops 
from the various British 
Colonies, for use in the 
South African Campaign. 



The equipment of the American Hospital Ship Maine 
„ .^ , and the valuable services it rendered in con- 

Hospital 

Ship ^ nection with the campaigns in South Africa 
and in China, are so recent as to be within 
the memory of all. The whole of the medical outfit 
was supplied by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 










|S#n„i,yQ?^^gl^J||"0]j« P_:, 




One of the 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Chests specially designed for 
and supplied to, the Hospital Ship Maine. 

Referring to this equipment, The Lancet (London, 
Eng.) reported: — 

The whole of the medical outfit has been supplied by- 
Messrs. Burroughs Wellcome & Co. One of the medicine 



HISTORICAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



75 



chests supplied by this firm is in tooled leather, designed by 
Mr. Henry S. Wellcome. 

The following description of this chest may be of 
interest : — 

The chest is made of oak covered with Carthaginian 
cowhide, tooled by hand, with chaste designs success- 
fully representing in allegory the alliance of Great 
Britain and America in the succour of the wounded. 
On the top panel appear the Union Jack and the Stars 
and Stripes entwined, portraits of Queen Victoria, 
George Washington and President McKinley ; also 
representations of the British Lion and American 
Eagle. The front panel bears portraits of Lady 
Randolph Churchill (Mrs. George CornwaUis-West), 
the hon. secretary and the hon. treasurer of the fund ; 
a picture of the ship itself ; a scene representing the 
British Lion, wounded by an arrow which lies at his 
side, being ministered to by Britannia and Columbia. 
A frieze is formed by a representation of an American 
Indian wampum, upon which Brother Jonathan and 
John Bull are depicted hand-in-hand. The panel at 
each end of the chest represents Britannia and 
Columbia supporting a banner bearing the Red Cross, 
and on the panel at the back the British Regular and 
Colonial Lancers are shown charging a Boer force. 
Keble's line, " No distance breaks the tie of blood," and 
Bayard's phrase, " Our kin across the sea," are inscribed 
on the chest. This beautiful cabinet contains a number 
of smaller cases fitted with ' Tabloid ' and ' Soloid ' 
products and 'Tabloid' Hypodermic Outfits, and is 
in itself a compact and complete dispensary. 

In the hitherto unsuccessful endeavours to reach the 
Poles, and in the exploration of Arctic and Arctic 

. explora- 

Antarctic lands, 'Tabloid' Medicme Chests uon 
have taken a pioneer position, and continue to hold 
supremacy. 



76 



HISTOKICAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



The 'Tabloid' Belts and other Medical Equipments 
supplied to Nansen for his journey in the Fram, 




One of the ' Tabloid' Brand Medicine Belts carried by Nansen on 
his Arctic Expedition. 

and those used by the Jackson-Harmsworth Arctic 
Expedition, have been added to the historic collection 
of Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 

The Italian Arctic Expedition, commanded by 
the Duke of the Abruzzi, found that, despite 
the fact that the northern latitude of 
hycumlte ^^° i^' 49" was reached, the 'Tabloid' 
Medicine Chests and Cases with which the 
Expedition was equipped were brought back with their 
remaining contents cjuite unaffected by tlie rigour of 
the climate. 




'' One of the 'Tabloid' Brand AIedicine 

Cases carried by the Duke of the 
Abruzzi's Polar Expedition. 



Commander Peary, to whose record stands the 
achievement of reaching the farthest northern latitude, 
writing from Etah, Greenland, reports: — 



HISTORICAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



77 



Burroughs Wellcome & Co. ' Tabloid ' Medicine Cases 
and supplies have proven invaluable. 




One of the 'Tabloid' 
Brand Medicine 
Chests used by Com- 
mander R. E. Peary 



The entire medical outfit of the National Antarctic 
Expedition was furnished by Burroughs Wellcome & Co., 
and on the return of the Discovery, with the members of 
the Expedition on board, the medical officer made a 
highly satisfactory report on the ' Tabloid ' Medical 
Equipment. 

In August, igoi, the Discovery left England, and 
in the following January crossed the limit of the 




One of the ' Tabloid ' Brand Medicine Cases carried by the National 
Antarctic Expedition. 

Antarctic Circle. Having passed the farthest eastward 
point attained by Ross sixty years before, the 



78 



HISTORICAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



explorers discovered a new land, which they named 
King Edward VII. Land. One of the most note- 




One of the 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Chests carried by the 
National Antarctic Expedition. 

worthy features of the Expedition was the arduous 
sledge journey undertaken by the commander, Captain 
Scott, accompanied by Lieutenant Shackleton and 
Dr. Wilson. This journey over the ice occupied 
three months, and the latitude of 82° 17' South was 
reached. 



On sledge journeys the question of weight is of great 
moment. The traveller, on such occasions, must carry 
but the barest necessaries, and of these the 
Reliability lightest procurablc. The medicine chest is 
^^^° ' an important item, for upon the efficacy of 

its contents the lives of the explorers may depend. 
Every drug carried must be of the utmost rehability, 
in the most compact state, and capable of withstanding 
an extremely low temperature. 

That 'Tabloid' Medical Equipments fulfil all require- 
ments has been proved again and again. They enable 
the traveller to carry a comparatively large supply of 
medicines, and may be used under conditions which 



HISTORICAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



79 



would render the carriage and administration of 
ordinary preparations impossible. 

To the enthusiasm of Sir Clements Markham, 
K.C.B., then President of the Royal Geographical 
Society, the successful organisation of the Expedition 
is largely due. Referring to the ' Tabloid ' Medical 
Equipment of the Discovery, he reports : — 



National Antarctic Expedition, 
I, Savile Row, 

Burlington Gardens, W. 



The Medical Equip.Tient of the Exploring Ship of the 
National Antarctic Expedition was entirely supplied 
by Uesara Burroughs, Wellcome & Co., and, proved in 
every way :ao3t satisfactory^ 

The few other drugs and preparations which v/ere taken 
with the Expedition were only supplied for purposes 
of experiraent, and, can in no way be regarded as 
part of t\Q medical equipment. 



C^.....a^^^^^^L 



2-j- Clfykl /(J^^ 




V' 



\ 



\ 



V'^' 



■tki. 



s.s. " Discovery " 
National Antarctic Expedition 

The entire medical equipment of this Expedition was 
furnished by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 



HISTORICAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 81 

Dr. Kcettlitz, the Senior Medical Officer to the 
Expedition, reports : — 

Discovery Antarctic Expedition 
The Medical Equipment of the Discovery Exploring 
Ship, of the National Antarctic Expedition, was entirely 
supplied by Messrs. Burroughs Wellcome & Co., mostly in 
the form of ' Tabloid,' ' Soloid ' and ' Enule ' preparations. 

The preparations proved, in every way, most satisfactory, 
and there was no deterioration of any of them, in spite of 
the conditions of climate and temperature to which they were 
exposed. The few other drugs and preparations which were 
taken with the Expedition were only taken for purposes of 
experiment. 

The cases supplied by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. to us 
have also been found satisfactory ; the small leather one was 
very useful upon sledge journeys, being light and compact. 
The No. 250 ' Tabloid ' Case was used for some weeks at the 
camp eleven miles north of the sliip, when the whole ship's 
company was engaged in sawing and blasting the ice, and it 
was found very convenient. 

The other cases were useful in our cabins, etc., for a 
handy supply. 




^^5^^ 



The relief ship Mornijig was also provided with a 
' Tabloid ' Medical Eqtiipment, and the Medical Officer, 
Dr. George Davidson, sends the following report: — 

Antarctic Relief Ship Morning 

I wish very hcarlily to express my perfect satisfaction with 
the medical equipment which was supplied to the Antarctic 
Relief Ship Morning by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 
When I say that it was compact, yet complete, that every- 
tiiing was just to hand, that during a period of two years and 
three months I was never at a loss to find just the medicine 

E* 



82 HISTORICAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



I wanted, and that without delay, I need say no more to 
emphasise the extraordinary convenience which a ' Tabloid ' 
and ' Soloid ' outfit is to a ship such as ours, whether at 
sea or in the ice. I found the ' Tabloid ' and ' Soloid ' 
products to remain unchanged throughout the whole period 
of my commission, and to equal in efficacy the best medical 
preparations I have yet had occasion to use. It is 
impossible to realise without experience how much can be 
condensed by this mode of exhibition in a very small space. 
I strongly advise all intending explorers to betake them- 
selves to Burroughs Wellcome & Co. for their medical 
equipment, and they will not be disappointed. 

From Dr. Edward Wilson, also, who was in charge 
of some of the sledge journeys from the Discovery, 
the following report has been received : — 

Discovery Antarctic Expedition 

Though there was but little serious illness on the 
Discovery during the recent Antarctic Expedition, the 
' Tabloid ' preparations and the cases were put to a fairly 
rigorous test, not only in the ship, but on the various 
sledge journeys that were undertaken, during which they 
experienced temperatures as low as 68° below zero, and 
much rough handling, without any loss in efficiency and 
usefulness. Certain of the ' Tabloid ' Ophthalmics were 
freely used for snow blindness, and were found to be most 
convenient. (T^ 

Mr. Julius Price, the special artist and correspondent 
of the Illustrated London Neivs, reports 
Arid desert that he Carried his 'Tabloid' Medicine Case 
and humid over 30,ooo iiiiles through Arctic regions, 
Extreme across Siberia, through China, Japan and 
heat and America. Despite the severe wear and tear 

cold . ^ 

of this great journey, the case has suffered 
little, and the remaining contents are quite unaftected 
by exposure to every variety of climate. 



HISTORICAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 83 

Two tj^pical reports on ' Tabloid ' Equipments are 
appended : — 

Extract from the report of R. F. Rand, Esq., M.D., 
F.R.C.S.. Principal Medical Officer, British South Africa 
Company : — 

We have had Burroughs Wellcome lS: Co.'s "Congo" 
Chests, fitted with ' Tabloid ' medicines, in daily use during 
the occupation of this country. They have proved of 
inestimable service. 

Extract from the report of the late W. H. Crosse, 
M.D., M.R.C.S., Principal Medical Officer, British Royal 
Niger Company : — 

All these ' Tabloid ' drugs are so good it is impossible for 
me to speak more highly of one than another. They are all 
of the very best quality, each drug is accurately described, 
and reliable. To the traveller these preparations are simply 
invaluable, and I would strongly advise every one coming 
out to the Tropics to get a full supply of ' Tabloid ' 
medicines. 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co. have for many years 
made a special study of the requirements of 

11 1 J- • , • study of 

travellers and expeditions, not only ni respect medicines 
of compactness, portability and permanence, for*; 
but also in the selection of remedies necessary '^''" 
to combat the maladies prevalent in every clime, from 
the Arctic to the Antarctic. 

'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Cases contain, in a small 
space, a complete outfit of pure drugs in doses of 
extreme accuracy. They can be carried in the pocket, 
in the carriage or motor-car, or on the cycle, 
their contents being always ready for use in cTsl'7fm'^^ 
emergencies. They are specially valuable to ^°^}^/'' 
the country practitioner, who is often called motor or 
upon to cover long distances, and who would 
experience great difficulty in carrying or obtaining 
supplies of such medicines as he may desire to 
administer promptly, were it not for the convenience 
and portability of 'Tabloid ' Brand Medicine Cases. 



suitable 
• every 
limate 




THE SMALLEST MEDICINE CHEST IN THE WORLD 

This tiny gold medicine chest is fitted with twelve square 
medicine chest bottles containing 300 doses of ' Tabloid ' Brand 
Medicaments, equivalent to 15 pints of fluid medicine. 



HYPODERMIC POCKET-CASES, 



TABLOID 



85 



HYPODERMIC POCKET-CASES 

'TABLOID' BRAND 

[Si B. W. & Co.] 

Special Designs, the property of Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 

The word 'Tabloid' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always 
be specified when ordering. 

'Tabloid' Hypodermic Pocket -Cases provide complete 
armamentaria for hypodermic work. Primarily intended for 
emergency purposes, such essentials as compact- 
ness and convenience in use have received the ^°'' ""^ 

rii ■ i-i • Arii waistcoat- 

lullest attention, and with unique result. A full pocket 
equipment of hypodermic drugs of utmost reliability 
and accuracy of dosage, together with syringe and needles, 
may, by means of a ' Tabloid ' Hypodermic Outfit, be carried 
easily in the waistcoat pocket. 

Hypodermic ' Tabloid ' Brand Pocket-Cases are prepared in 
gold, silver, gun-metal, nickel-plated metal, or aluminium, 
and in a great variety of fancy leathers. Each contains a 
B. W. & Co. Hypodermic Syringe with needles, and from five 
to fifteen tubes of ' Tabloid ' Brand Hypodermic products, etc. 



No. 3. Hypodermic 'Tabloid' Brand Pocket-Case 

In Cowhide, Pigskin, 
Crocodile, Morocco, Seal 
and other fine leathers. 
Fitted with twelve tubes 
of ' Tabloid ' Hypodermic 
products, R. W. & Co. 
patent nickel-plated hypo- 
dermic syringe, and two 
regular steel needles. 

No. 3. Hypodermic 'Tabloid' Kkand 
Pocket-Case 

Measurements : 3j X 2j X f in. 




86 



MODERN MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



No. 7. Hypoderamc 'Tabloid ' Brand Pocket-Case 

with special detach- 
able aseptic frame of 
novel design, and re- 
volving rack (nickel- 
plated}. Fitted with 
twelve tubes of 
'Tabloid' Hypoder- 
mic products, nickel- 
plated syringe, one 
exploring and two 
regular steel needles. 
This Case, after the 
removal of the tubes 
of Hypodermic pro- 
ducts, may be steril- 
Hypodermic 'Tabloid' Brand i^^d ^'"h ease. In 

Pocket-Case Gun-metal, Alumi- 

Measm-ements : 3j X 3j X ^ in. nium, or Silver. 




No. 7 



No. 10. Aseptic Hypodermic 'Tabloid' 
Pocket-Case 



Brand 



This Case is a model of compact completeness. It is made of nickel- 
plated metal, each edge and 
corner being smoothly rounded. 
It contains the B. W. & Co. 
All-Glass Aseptic Hypodermic 
Syringe, with detachable nickel- 
plated finger-grip, and two regu- 
lar steel needles. Each part of 
the syringe is separately held in 
a holdfast clip. 

The tubes of 'Tabloid' Hypo- 
dermic products, five in number, 
are carried in a hinged rack, 
which securely holds them when 
the case is closed, and which. 
No. lo. Aseptic Hypodermic when swung outwards, allows of 

'Tabloid' Brand Pocket-Case the easy withdrawal of the desired 

, ,- , . tube. Complete in doeskin cover. 

Measuremeuts : 2^ X If X J m. 




No. 21. Hypodermic 'Tabloid' Brand Pocket-Case 

Measurements : 4 X 3J X ij in. Fitted with nine tubes of ' Tabloid ' 
Hypodermic products, nickel-plated hypodermic syringe with two steel 
needles, a small phial, glass-stoppered and capped, for sterilised water, 
capsule of ether, etc. In Morocco and other fine leathers. 



HYPODERMIC POCKET-CASES, ' TAP.LOID ' BRAND 



87 



No. 23. Aseptic Hypodermic 'Tabloid 
Pocket-Case 



Brand 




No. 23. Aseptic Hypodermic 'Tabloid' 
Brand Poci-cet-Case 

Measureraeuts : 3^ X 3i X f iiJ 



In Gun-metal, Alumi- 
nium, or Silver, with 
.special detachable nickel- 
plated aseptic frame and 
revolving rack. Contents 
same as those of No. 21 
Case, with the addition of 
a steel e.xploring needle. 
This Case, after the 
removal of the tubes of 
' Tabloid ' Hypodermic 
products, may be steril- 
ised with ease. 



No. 32. Aseptic Hypodermic 'Tabloid' 
Pocket-Case (The Mussel Shell) 



Brand 





OPEN closed 

No. 32. Aseptic Hypodermic 'Tabloid' Brand Pocket-Case 
(The Mussel Shell) 
MeasurementB : 3^ X if X f in- 
Made of nickel-plated metal, occupies very little space, and is conveniently 
shaped for the pocket. Fitted with nickel-plated hypodermic syringe, 
one exploring and two regular steel needles, and five tubes of 'Tabloid' 
Hypodermic products. This Case is also supplied fitted with the B. W. & Co. 
All-Glass Aseptic Hypodermic Syringe, etc., with or without 'Tabloid' 
Hypodermic products. Complete in leather or doeskin cover. Can be 
fitted with silver syringe. 



MODERN MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



ophthalmic pocket-cases 
'Tabloid' Brand 

[iu B. W. & Co.] 

Special Designs, the property of Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 

The word 'Tabloid' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always 
be specified when ordering. 

' Tabloid ' Ophthalmic Pocket-Cases are the most compact 
and complete equipments for ophthalmic work. In 

two fingers '^ space of two or three cubic inches they contain 
supplies of active and accurately-divided ophthalmic 

drugs, solution dropper, camel-hair brushes, etc. 



No. 91. Aseptic Ophthalmic 'Tabloid' 
Pocket-Case 



Brand 




^ BURnOUCMS WELLCOME R C° 
TflBLOiD'caawo OPHTHALMIC CASE. 



No. Qi. Aseptic Ophth.\lmic 
' T.\BLOiD ' Br.^nd Pocket-Case 

Measurements : 2^ X Ij X f in. 



In nickel-plated metal. Fitted 
with nine tubes of ' Tabloid ' and 
' Soloid ' Ophthalmic products, 
in nickel-plated rack, solution 
dropper, mortar, pestle, vulcanite 
rod, and two camel-hair brushes. 
This Case, after the removal of 
the contents, may be sterilised 
with ease. Complete in doeskin 
cover. 



No. 92. Aseptic Ophthalmic 'Tabloid' Brand 
Pocket-Case (The Mussel Shell) 



In nickel-plated metal. Fitted with 
seven tubes of 'Tabloid' Ophthalmic 
products, mortar, pestle, vulcanite 
rod, solution dropper and two camel- 
hair brushes. Enclosed in a doeskin 
cover. The shape and size of this 
case make it specially suitable for 
carrying in the waistcoat pocket 
After removal of the contents, the 
Case can be readily sterilised. 




No. 92. Aseptic Ophthalmic 
'Tabloid' Brand Pocket-Case 
{The Mussel Shell) 

Measurements : 2^ X 1 ^ X f in. 



HYPODERMIC AND OPHTHALMIC POCKET-CASES, ' TABLOID ' BP.AND 89 



hypodermic and ophthalmic 

Pocket-Cases 

'tabloid' brand 

[S B. W. & Co.] 

No. so. Hypodermic and Ophthalmic 'Tabloid' Brand 

Pocket-Case 

(The "British Army Regulation ") 

Contains si.x- 



In Aluminium, 
teen tubes of ' Tabloid ' Hypo- 
dermic products, eleven tubes of 
' T.ibloid ' Ophthalmic products, 
two camel-hair brushes, a pair of 
minute forceps, and a booklet 
giving a summary of the chief 
uses of the products. Being easily 
carried in the waistcoat pocket, 
this Case is extremely well adapted 
for emergency use. 




No. 80. Hypodermic and Ophthal- 
mic 'Tabloid' Brand Pocket-Case 
(T/ie " Bj-itish Army Regulation ") 
MeaaareirpeutE 



MEDICINE POCKET-GASES 

'TABLOID' BRAND 

[s B. W. & Co.] 

Special Designs, the property of Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 

The word 'Tabloid' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always be 
specified when ordering. 

'Tabloid' Medicine Pocket-Cases are compact equipments 
of pure, active drugs, divided, ready for administration, into 
accurate doses. They enalale pliysicians to liave p 
always with them an equipment of reliable medicines emergen- 
specially for emeroency use. ' Tabloid ' Pocket-Cases 
are recognised as an essential in the physician's equipment for 
country districts and when travelling. 

When weighing and measuring are impossible, and wiien the 
carriage of liquids is impracticable, the convenience and the 
extreme portability of 'Tabloid' Medicine Pocket-Cases, which 
enable the physician to dispense emergency medicines at the 
lime of his visit, will be fully appreciated. 



90 



MODEKN' MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 




No. 115. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Pocket-Case 

Contains ten i oz. 
phials filled with 
' Tabloid ' Brand pro- 
ducts, etc. In Seal, 
Pigskin, Cowhide, 
Morocco and other 
fine leathers. 

No. 115. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine 
Pocket-Case 

Meaauretaents S| X 3 J X li in 

No. 117. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Pocket-Case 

This Case is somewhat 
larger and more comprehen- 
sive than the No. 115 Case. 
It contains sixteen joz. phials 
of ' Tabloid ' Brand products, 
etc. In Cowhide, Pigskin, 
Crocodile, Morocco and 
other fine leathers. 

No. 117. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine 
Pocket-Case 

Measui-ements ; 7^ X -i X 3 ixi . 

No. 124. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Pocket-Case 

Fitted with from si.xteen to 
twenty-four tubes of Tabloid ' 
Brand products, according 
to size of products. In Seal, 
Crocodile, Morocco and other 
fine leathers. This Case was 
specially designed for con- 
veniently carrying in the 
breast pocket, on ordinary 
occasions, a stock of medicines 
sufficient to meet a variety of 
circumstances. 





No. 124. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine 
Pocket-Case 
Measurements : 5^ X 4 X I5 in ■ 



MEDICINE POCKET-CASES, TABLOID BRAND 



91 



No. 125. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Pocket-Case 

Specially fitted for emer- 
gency purposes with fourteen 
tubes of ' Tabloid ' Brand pro- 
ducts, and a removable tray 
containing an equipment of 
twelve tubes of ' Tabloid ' 
Hypodermic products, 
B. W. & Co. nickel-plated 
hypodermic syringe and two 
regular steel needles. In 



^^^^ 

No. 125. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Cowhide and other fine 
Pocket-Case leathers. 

Measurements : 5iy X *i X 1^ in. 




No. 141. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Pocket-Case 




No. 141. 'Tahloid' Brand Medicine Pocket-Case 
Measurements: 7j X ■) X 2j in. 



In Morocco leather. Fitted with fifteen A oz. phials of 'Tabloid ' Brand 
products, and a leather-covered metal compartment, containing small boxes 
for the physician's use in distributing the contents of the Case. Similar 
in design to No. 117 Case. 



92 MODERN MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



CYCLE- AND CARRIAGE-CASES, MEDICAL 

equipment chests, etc. 
'Tabloid' Brand 
[^ B. w. & Co.] 

Special Designs, the property of Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 

The word 'Tabloid' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always 
be specified when ordering. 

' Tabloid ' Cycle- and Carriage-Cases and Medical Equipment 
Chests contain 'Tabloid,' ' Soloid ' and other fine products of 
For ^' ^^' ^ ^°"' "''^""'' surgical instruments and sundry 

general emergency dressings. A great variety is prepared 
tion'e'rs '^° ^'^^^^ *'^^ requirements of medical men in home 

practice, according to the extent and the special 
character of their needs. For those who cycle, cases are 
made in various designs, one for attaching to the handle-bar 
of the cycle, another for attaching to the stay-bar, and others 
for the pocket. 

' Tabloid ' Medical Equipment Chests and Cases provide com- 
plete portable dispensaries for practitioners in distant stations, 
missionaries, explorers and expeditions of all kinds, 
physicians, ^^"^ ^^'^^'^ purposes they are the only really satisfactory 
explorers, form of medical equipment, and have been adopted 
^c.^^° ' universally. In addition to full supplies of accurately- 
dosed, permanent and reliable drugs, these equip- 
ments contain minor surgical instruments and dressings. 

No. 137. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Saddle-Case 

In Cowhide or Pigskin. Measure- 
^.H--.:^- - 'Xf^- -- - ^r.=r,\ iiieHts ! 7J X 4^ X 2| lu. Fitted 

in the same way as No. 117 Case 
with sixteen i oz. phials of ' Tabloid ' 
Br.ind products, etc. (This Case 
is also supplied fitted with feather- 

No. 137. 'Tabloid- BR.^ND ^^'=h' '"''^'- ^o. 139 Case. 

Medicine Saddle-Case IVIeasurements : 7J X 4* X 2J in.) 



L. 



?v 



CYCLE, ETC., MEDICINE CASES, TABLOID BRAND 



93 



No. 200. Physician's Cycle Handle-Bar 'Tabloid' 
Brand Medicine Case 




No. 200. Physician's Cycle Handle-Bar 'Tabloid' Brand 
Medicine Case 

In black enamelled Cowhide. Measurements : 8i X 2^ X 4J in. Fitted 
complete with nine i oz. phials of ' Tabloid ' Brand products, minor surgical 
instruments and sundry emergency dressings. Weight, empty, SJ oz. ; 
full, about ih lb. 



No. 202. Physicians Cycle Stay-Bar 'Tabloid' Brand 
Medicine Case 

In black enamelled Cowhide. Measurements : 10 X 2J X 5 in. Fitted 
complete with twelve k oz. phials of ' Tabloid ' Brand products, minor 
surgic.1l instruments and dressings. Similar in design to No. 200 Case. 



No. 20 9. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Case 

In Morocco leather, Cowhide or Pigskin. Measurements : 10 X 5 X 
6i in. Contains nine i oz., twenty-four i oz. and thirteen 2 dr. phials of 
'Tabloid' and 'Soloid' Brand products; medicine measure, e.xtra pockets, 
and loops for instruments; twelve tubes of 'Tabloid' Hypodermic 
products, B. W. & Co. nickel-plated hypodermic syringe, two regular 
steel needles, etc. 



94 



MODERN MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



No. 219. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Case 

In Morocco leather. Measurements : 13^ x 6 X 6i in. Metal frame. 
Contains eight 2 oz. stoppered, ten i oz., twelve 6 dr., eight 4 dr. and ten 
2 dr. corked phials. The rows of phials are arranged to fall so as to show 
the labels. Fitted with 'Tabloid' and 'Soloid' Brand products, twelve 
tubes of 'Tabloid' Hypodermic products, B. W. & Co. nickel-plated 
hypodermic syringe, with two regular steel needles, etc. 



No. 208. 'Tabloid' Brand .Medicine Chest 




No. 208. ' Tabloid ' Brand Medicine Chest 

Made of dressed and varnished Raw-hide ; very light, portable and 
durable. Measurements: 15J X si x 9 in. Fitted with twelve 4 oz. 
stoppered bottles of ' Tabloid ' and ' Soloid ' Brand products, minor surgical 
instruments and dressings, etc. 

A similar chest is also made in a smaller size (No. 206 Chest— as 
carried by Mr. Thos. Stevens). Measurements: 14^- x 4J X 7^ in. Fitted 
with twelve 2i oz. stoppered bottles of 'Tabloid' and 'Soloid' Brand 
products, etc. 



No. 2 20. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Case 



In Morocco leather or Cowhide. Measurements : 14 X 5^ X gj in. 
Phials arranged in tiers to display labels. Contains eight 2 oz. stoppered, 
twelve I oz., fourteen 6 dr. and sixteen 4 dr. phials of 'Tabloid' and 
'Soloid' Brand products, twelve tubes of 'Tabloid' Hypodermic products, 
B. W. & Co. nickel-plated hypodermic syringe, two regular steel needles, 
space and loops for instruments, etc. Similar in design to No. 221 Case. 



MEDICINE CASES, ' TABLOID ' BRAND 



95 



No. 221. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Case 




No. 221. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Case 

In extra finish Cowhide, Morocco, Crocodile or Pigskin. Mea.surements : 
14 X si X 9^ in. Fitted in the same way as No. 220 Case, with the 
addition of nine 2 dr. phials of 'Tabloid' and ' Soloid ' Brand products, 
and a glass-stoppered and capped ether bottle. 



No. 230. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Case 




' Tabloid ' Hkand Medicine Case 



A Morocco leather 
or Cowhide case, 
which, when closed, 
measures 8 X 5J X 
2J in. Fitted with 
ten phials of 
'Tabloid' and 
' Soloid ' Brand pro- 
ducts, minor surgi- 
cal instruments and 
dre.ssings. 

It provides a small 
but very comprehen- 
sive medical and 
surgical outfit. The 
physician will find 
this an extremely 
serviceable case for 
a patient travelling 
abroad, where at 
times he may be 



No. 230, 

beyond the reach of professional aid. Conveniently shaped for packing in 
trunk or bag. 



96 



MODERN MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



No. 231. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Case 
(As suggested by Sir W. Moore) 

In black japanned 
metal. Measurements : 
loj X 75 X 3 in. Contains 
fifteen i oz. corked phials, 
and one 4 oz. corked 
bottle ; minor surgical in- 
struments and dressings. 
Complete with ' Tabloid ' 
Brand products, etc., 
as recommended in 
Sir W. Moore's Manual 
oj Family Medicine for 
India. Weight, about 
6 lb. 14 oz. 





sise^i^ 



I i 



No. 2^1. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Case 



No. 254. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Chest (The Indian) 



In japanned metal. 
Measurements : gj X 7 
X 6 J in. Contains 
sixteen ij oz. glass- 
stoppered bottles, and six 
4 dr. phials of ' Tabloid ' 
and ' Soloid ' Brand 
products, instruments 
and tray carrying 
sundry dressings, etc. 
Weight about 12 lb. 
As carried by the late 
G. W. Steevens, the war 
correspondent. 



No. 254. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Chest 
(The Indian) 







No. 227. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Case 

In Cowhide or Pigskin. Measurements : 6J X 3J x 3 in. Made of two 
metal cups and frames covered with leather. Arranged to contain twenty 
I J dr., twelve i dr. and fourteen A dr. tubes of 'Tabloid' and 'Soloid' 
Brand products. Weight, about 2 lb. 6 oz. 



MEDICINE CASES, TABLOID BRAND 



97 



No. 229. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Case 

Measurements : 8|- x 5j x 3! in. Made of two metal cups and frames 
covered with Cowhide. Arranged to contain forty 4 dr. phials of ' Tabloid ' 
and ' Soloid' Brand products. Weight, about 4 lb. 13 oz. 



No. 250. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Chest 

(As supplied to the late Sir H. M. Stanley, Emin Pasha, Military 
Expeditions, Missionaries, etc.) 




No. 250. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Chest 

In japanned sheet-steel. Measurements : 15J X loi X 8j in. Contains 
si.\ 5 oz. and thirty 3^ oz. glass-stoppered bottles of 'Tabloid,' '.Soloid' 
and other fine products of B. W. & Co., in movable teak-wood tray. 
The lid (in two sections) is arranged to hold supplies of 'Tabloid' 
Bandages and Dressings, minor surgical instruments and other accessories. 
Weight, when fitted, about 40 lb. 

This Chest, and No. 251 Chest, are the standard etiuipments for large 
expeditions and stations. 



No. 251. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Chest 

(As supplied to the Jackson-Harmsworth Polar Expedition, The 
National Antarctic Expedition, etc.) 

In Aluminium. Measurements : 15J X loi X 8} in. Contains forty 
3A oz. feather-weight bottles of 'Tabloid,' 'Soloid' and other fine products 
of B. W. & Co. In other respects it is fitted in the same way as the 
No. 250 Chest. Weight, when complete, about 27 lb. 

F 



MODERN MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



No. 256. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Chest 
(As supplied to the Duke of the Abruzzi's Polar Expedition) 

In Aluminium. Measurements : loi X 6 X ji in. Fitted with eighteen 
3* oz. feather-weight tubes of 'Tabloid' and ' Soloid ' Brand products, 
and a tray containing minor dressings and sundries. 

A similar chest is supplied in black japanned metal, and is known as 
No. 255 Chest. The contents are the same as No. 256 Chest, with the 
exception that the ' Tabloid ' and ' Soloid ' Brand products are in glass- 
stoppered bottles. 



No. 258. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Case (The Settler's) 



In black japanned metal. 
Measurements : 8i X 4J X 
5I in. Contains twelve li oz. 
bottles of ' Tabloid ' and 
' Soloid ' Brand products, 
' Hazeline ' Cream, ' Tabloid ' 
Bandages and Dressings, 
adhesive plaster and other 
accessories. A very compact 
and useful case, adapted for 
settlers' or planters' use, and 
for stations, farms or camps 
in outlying districts. 




i|1'tabloid'_ _ 1 




No. 258. 'Tabloid' Brand jNIedicine Case 
(The Settlers) 



No. 259. 'Tabloid' Brand Medicine Case {now known 

as No. 715 'Tabloid' Brand First-Aid) 

(See J>ages 103 and 231) 



No. 700. 'Tabloid' Brand Emergency Belt 

Measurements: 43 X 4I in., with buckles and shoulder straps; seven 
waterproof pouches, fitted as follows : Aluminium case of surgical 
instruments ; aluminium case containing Hypodermic Syringe and ' Tabloid ' 
HiTJodermic products ; twenty-three feather-weight tubes of ' Tabloid ' 
and 'Soloid' Brand products; combined mortar and medicine cup; 
emergency dressings, etc. 



ANALYSIS CASES, ' SOLOID ' BRAND 



99 



ANTIDOTE CASE 

'TABLOID' BRAND 

[s B. W. & Co.] 

Special Design, the property of Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 

The word 'Tabloid' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroug-hs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always 
be specified when ordering. 

A compact equipment, containing apparatus and drugs 
ready for immediate use in the treatment of poisoning. 



No. 300. 'Tabloid' Brand 




Antidotk Case 

Measurements: 12 X 6 X 3 in. 
Fitted with stomach syphon- 
tube, catheter, B. W. & Co. 
nickel - plated hypodermic 
syringe, two needles, 
' Tabloid ' Hypodermic pro- 
ducts, ' Vaporole ' Amyl 
Nitrite, and toxicological 
chart ; also eighteen A oz. 
■hials and three tubes of 
' Tabloid ' Brand antidotes, 
etc., etc. 



No. -JOO. 



'Tabloid' Kkanu 
Case 



Antidote 



ANALYSIS CASES 

'SOLOID' BRAND 

[ffi B. W. & Co.] 

.Special Designs, the property of Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 

The word ' Soloid ' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always 
be specified when ordering. 

No. 510. 'Soloid' Bkanu Ukine Test Case 

The clinical importance of urine analysis is full}' recognised. 
Tliis case provides, in a most compact and con- 

. r 1 • Urine 

venient form, the re([Uiremenls lor making an analysis 
examination of urine at the bedside. Owing to j^e'tedsWe' 
iheir purity and accuracy, the 'Soloid' Brand pro- 
ducts contained in this case make reliable test solutions without 
further weighing. 



100 



MODERN MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 




No. 510. 



In nickel-plated metal, which is easily kept aseptic. It contains 

a complete set of 
materials for making an 
examination of urine, 
both qualitative and 
quantitative, for albu- 
min, sugar, etc. The 
outfit includes a urino- 
meter, Esbach's albu- 
minimeter, a graduated 
measure, pipette, test- 
tubes and stand, test- 
papers, spirit lamp, 
analysis charts, and a 
good supply of the ever- 
ready 'Soloid' reagents, 
includingFehling'sTest, 
' Soloid ' Brand Urine Test Indigo Test, Picric 

Case Acid, Potassium Ferro- 

Measurements : Sj X 2j X ij m cyanide and Citric 

Acid. Each portion of the apparatus can also be obtained separately. 

Complete in doeskin cover. 

No. 500. 'Soloid' Brand Water Analysis Case 

This convenient hand-case supplies the apparatus, reagents, 

etc., necessary for examining samples of drinking- 

i^tantiy Water at the source of supply, and for drawing up 

at source ^^^ ^^^^^^ reports Concerning suitability of the water 

for domestic purposes. 

Measurements ". 122 x 



loj X 4I in. It con- 
tains a nickel evaporat- 
ing dish, Erlenmeyer 
flask,tripod, spirit lamp, 
looc.c. and other gradu- 
ated cylinders, capsules 
of ' Soloid ' Nessler's 
Solution, 'Soloid' 
Brand products of 
RI e t a - p h e n y 1 e n e - 
diamine Sulphate, Po 
tassium Chromate, 
Potassium Ferrocya- 
ni d e , P o tassium 
Permanganate, Silver 
Nitrate, Soap, Sodium 
Acid Sulphate, Zinc 
Dust, etc. 

Fulie, particulars 0/ these and other examples sent on request 




No. 500. 



Soloid' Brand Water Analysis 
Case 



BACTERIOLOGICAL CASE, ' SOLOID ' BRAND 



101 



BACTERIOLOGICAL CASE 

'SOLOID' BRAND 

[Hi B. W. & Co.] 

Special Design, the property of Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 

The word ' Soloid ' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always 
be specified when ordering. 

No. 505. 'Soloid' Brand Bacteriological Case 




No. 505. SliLOID BkAND BACrtKIOLOGICAL CaSE 
iyIeaaurecaeut-3 : 5 X 3^ X l| in- 

This case enables medical men to carry out examinations that 
fcjrmerly were usually submitted to laboratory workers. Owing 
to its small size and light weight it can readily be carried in the 
pocket to the patient's bedside, to obtain a blood specimen or 
a throat swab. The case is made of nickel-plated metal, easily 
kept aseptic, and contains : — 



Three stoppered bottles, contain- 
ing:— 
Methyl alcohol, dr. li 
Absolute alcohol, dr. ih 
Distilled water, dr. li 

.\ rod-stoppered bottle of Canada 
balsam 

.•\ graduated pipette 

Cover-glass forceps 

Dissection forceps 

Twelve microscopic slides 

A spirit lamp 

A glass funnel 

Two watch glasses 

A packet of filter papers 



A metal case of needles (straight 
No. 9) 

A supply of blood-collecting 
pipettes 

Fifty cover-slips 

A glass rod for powdering micro- 
scopic stains, etc. 

A sterile swab 

A tube each of the following 
' Soloid ' stains : — 
Eosin, Methyl Violet, Fuchsine, 
Romanowsky .Stain, Eosin- 
Methylene Blue, Methylene 
Blue, Haematoxylin (Dela- 
field), Toison Blood Fluid. 



102 



MODERN MEDICAL EQUIPMENTS 



'TABLOID' BRAND FlRST-AlD 
(For Automobiles, Airships, Yachts, Caravans, 

ETC.) 

[S B. W. & Co.] 

Special Designs, the property of Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 

The word 'Tabloid' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroug'hs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always 
be specified when ordering. 

These equipments provide compact, complete outfits of emer- 
gency medicines, dressings and first-aid accessories. Portable 
and convenient, they comprise an ideal outfit for motorists, 
cyclists, aeronauts, yachtsmen and explorers. 



No. 707. 'Tabloid' Brand First-Aid 



In rex red, royal blue or 
Brewster green enamelled 
metal, or in aluminised metal. 
Measurements : 6J X 3 J X 2 in. 
Contains six tubes of 
' Tabloid ' and ' Soloid ' 
Brand products, ' Vaporole ' 
Aromatic Ammonia, 
'Borofax,' Carron Oil, 
' Tabloid ' Bandages and 
Dressings, plaster, protective 
slcin, pins, etc., etc. 




No. 707. ' Tabloid ' Bkand First-Aid 



No. 712. 'Tabloid' Brand First-Aid 




No. 712. 'Tabloid' Br.\nd First-Aid 

(Sfe also page 230) 



In rex red, royal blue or 
Brewster green enamelled 
metal, or in aluminised metal. 
Measurements : 6A x 4j X 2 in. 
Contains six tubes of 
' Tabloid ' and ' Soloid ' 
lirand products, 'Vaporole' 
Aromatic Ammonia, 
'Borofax,' Carron Oil, 
' Tabloid ' Bandages and 
Dressings, plaster, protective 
skin, pins, etc., etc. 



FIRST-AID, TABLOID BRAND 



103 



No. 702. ' Tabloid ' Brand First-Aid 




No. 702. 'Tabloid' Brand First-Aid 

In rex red, royal blue or Brewster green enamelled leather. Measure- 
ments: 7 X si X 2I in. Contains eight tubes of 'Tabloid' and ' Soloid ' 
Brand products, ' Vaporole ' Aromatic Ammonia, ' Borofax,' ' Hazeline ' 
Cream, .Sal Volatile, Carron Oil, 'Tabloid' Bandages and Dressings, 
tourniquet, gutta-percha tissue, plaster, protective .skin, sci.=iSors, pins, 
etc., etc. 



No. 715. 'Tabloid' Brand First-Aid 
[Formerly knoivn as No. 259. 'Tabloid' Brand 



Medicink Case 




No. 715. 'Tabloid' Brand First-Aid 
(See also page 231J 



In rex red, royal blue or 
Brewster green enamelled 
metal, or in aluminised 
or black japanned metal. 
Measurements : 75 X 4i X 
2 in. Contains eight tubes 
of 'Tabloid' and 'Soloid' 
Brand products, ' Vaporole ' 
Aromatic Ammonia, 
' Borofax,' Sal Volatile, 
Carron Oil, 'Tabloid' 
Bandages and Dressings, 
gutta-percha tissue, plaster, 
[irotective .skin, scissors, 
pins, etc., etc. 



The word ' Tabloid ' should always be 
written in full to ensure the supply of 
genuine B. W, & Co. products. 

' Tabloid ' means " issued by Burroughs 
Wellcome & Co." 

To write any contraction of ' Tabloid,' 
when ' Tabloid ' is intended, introduces an 
element of doubt. 

Behind the brand 'Tabloid' are years of re- 
search, experience and endeavour — the whole 
foundation of Burrouijhs Wellcome & Co.'s 
reputation. 

When ' Tabloid ' is written it 

matters not in what part of the world the 
prescription is dispensed, the patient will 
receive the same genuine products of un- 
varying activity compounded with excep- 
tional accuracy from ingredients of the 
highest stanciard of purity. 

It is best and safest, therefore, to write 
the full word, thus — 



<^.€i/u>iu 






^p rz/\xn r-7/\v~i 
els' 



R 



1 
M 



FORMULARY 








OF 






FINE 


PRODUCTS 






ISSUED BY 






Burroughs 


Wellcome 


& 


Co. 



tR: 



% 



^ 



Ml 



> 



^^s^^^^^s^^^E^ts^^n 



' Alaxa,' Aromatic Liqueur of Cascara Sagrada dose 

(Trade Mark) 

An aromatic liqueur which presents the tonic, One-half to 
laxative properties of cascara sagrada in a two teaspoon- 
pleasant and acceptable condition. fuls. 

Alkaloids, ' Wellcome ' Brand (see page 1S7J 

Ammonium Chloride inhaler, 'Vereker' (see j^age 120 J 

Analysis Cases, ' Soloid ' Brand (see page ggj 

Anaesthetics, Local (see ' Tabloid ' Hypodermic An;esthetic 
Compounds, /rtc't' 11^ J 

Antidote Case, ' Tabloid ' Brand (see page gg) 

' Aol,' a derivative of Saiilalniii a/hum (see ' Tabloid ' 
(Trade Mark) Brand products, page 145^ 

Arylarsonates f^j-^e 'Orsudan,'/a^'w 125, 167 ; rt/z^f 'Soamin,' 
pages 134, 174; 

Bacteriological Case, 'Soloid' Brand (see page loi) 

Bandages, Pleated Compressed, 'Tabloid' Brand 

(see page logj 

' Borofax ' I'.nuid Boric Acid Oiiiimciit 

(Trade Mark) 

An cmi)lliciit, possessing antiseptic and sedative properties. 

F* 



106 FOKMUI.ARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 

' Brockedon ' Products 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co. are the successors to, and sole 
proprietors of, the business of BROCKEDON, who, in 
1842, ORIGINATED COMPRESSED MEDICINES in 
the shape of bi-convex discs — issued under the designation 
of Compressed Pills. 
' Brockedon ' Brand Bicarbonate of Soda, in boxes of three sizes 
?j ,, ,, ,, rotass ,, ,, 

,, ,, Chlorate ,, ,, ,, ,, 

Chemicals, 'Wellcome' Brand (secfagei^j) 

CHESTS AND CASES (B. W. & Co.) 

A comprehensive selection of chests and cases are prepared 
and issued under the 'Tabloid' and 'Soloid' Brands, fitted 
with medicines for every variety of climate, from the fully- 
equipped chests containing supplies sufficient for medical officers 
to expeditions, etc., down to the compact pocket-cases suited 
to the needs of the private practitioner. 

Analysis Cases, 'Soloid' Brand (sec page <)()) 

Antidote Case, ' Tabloid ' Brand (see page 99J 

Antiseptic Cases, ' Soloid ' Brand 

Fitted with from four to eighteen containers of ' Soloid ' 
Brand antiseptics. 

Bacteriological Case, 'Soloid' Brand (seepage \oi) 

First=Aid, 'Tabloid' Brand (seepages 102, 103^ 

Hypodermic Pocket=Cases, ' Tabloid ' Brand (see 
pages 85-S7J 

Medicine Chests and Cases, ' Tabloid ' Brand (see 
pages S9-9S; 

Urine Test Case, ' Soloid ' Brand (see page ggj 

Compound Menthol Snuff (B. W. & Co.) (see 
page 122 J 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 107 



T?.t 'DARTRING' brand PRODUCTS 

The 'DARTRING' Brand appears on all labels of the genuine 
original Lanoline preparations. 

'DARTRING' brand— 

,, 'Lanesine' {see page \2Z) 

,, Lanoline (Adeps Lanoe Hydros.) 

,, ,, Anhydrous (Adeps Lanpe) 

Adeps Lanse Hydros., B.J. D. 

,, ,, Anhydros. , B.J.D. 

Note. — If this quality of Adeps Lans Hydros, or ot 
Adeps Lanae Anhydros. be required, the letters B. l.D. 
must be specified. "^~"~~ 

. , Veterinary 

,, Ointment Base 

,, ,. ,, Anhydrous 

,, Cold Cream 

,, Pomade 

,, Shaving Soap (in sticks) 

,, Toilet (specimen boxes) 

,, ,, (collapsible tubes) 

,, Toilet Powder (tin boxes) 

,, Toilet Soap (in boxes of 3 tablets) 

,, Ichthyol Soap ,, ,, ,, 

,, Pine Tar Soap ,, ,, ,, 



DRESSINGS, PLEATED COMPRESSED 

rS^ 'TABLOID' BRAND 

Compressed Dressings were or iginated and introduced by B. W. & Co. 

The word 'TABLOID' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. To ensure the supply of 
these pure and reliable preparations, this brand should always be 
specified when ordering. 

The introduction of Pleated Compressed Bandages and Dress- 
ings marks an important advance in the preparation of surgical 
accessories. These bandages and dressings are made 
of material of the best quality, and are subjected to advance"' 
great pressure under which each assumes a rect- 
angular shape. After compression, each is enclosed auto- 
matically in an impervious covering of parchment paper. 



108 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



Dressings, Pleated Compressed, 'Tabloid' Brand— cofitinued 

The superiority of ' Tabloid ' Dressings over the ordinary 
variety is very marked, not only in convenience and com- 
pactness, but also in quality of material. Their more 
important advantages may be thus summarised : — 

I. Only materials of exceptional quality are used in their 
manufacture, and their general excellence commends them to 
critical users. 




BANDAGE ' 
Open Wsra 



The ordinary open-wove ' Tabloid ' Pleated 

baadage of commerce Compressed Bandage 

6 yards X 2i- in. 6 yards X 2j in. 

One-half actual size 



2. They occupy the smallest possible space and yet can be 
unfolded as easily as those previously in use. 

J. They are kept free from all risk of contamination. 

4. The antiseptic dressings are evenly charged with 
medicament. 

5. By reason of their extreme compactness they are by far 
the best for the hand-bag, cycle- or saddle-case. 

The above illustration graphically demonstrates the saving in 
space which is effected when Pleated Bandages and Dressings 
are carried. The relative sizes of an ordinary and a Pleated 
Bandage are striking. The flat sides of Pleated Bandages 
enable them to be packed in a fraction of the space required 
by those previously in use. 

These dressings are also issued sterilised in special 
impervious coverings. The requirements of modern surgical 
treatment, so imperfectly fulfilled by many of the ordinary 
cheap dressings, are ideally met by these sterilised pleated 
products. 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



109 



Dressingrs. Pleated Compressed, 'Tabloid' Brand— continued 
The following are issued : — 

Absorbent Wool between Gauze, Pleated Com= 
pressed, ' Tabloid ' Brand — 

In 2 ounce packets, in packages of I dozen. 

Bandages, Pleated Compressed, ' Tabloid ' Brand- 
Open Wove, I in. x 6 yards, in packages of i dozen 

,, ,, 2| in. X 6 yards ,, ,, ,, ,, 

Flannel, 2h in. x 5 yards ,, ,, ,, ., 

Triangular (Esmarch's Pictorial),, ,, ,, i dozen 

packets of 2 bandages 
These triangular bandages are of great service in first-aid 
or other emergency work. For the benefit of those who 
are unable to obtain skilled assistance, illustrations showing 
the various uses to which the bandage may be put are 
imprinted on the fabric itself. 

Carbolised Tow, Pleated Compressed, 'Tabloid' 
Brand^ 

In 2 ounce packets, in packages of i dozen. 



Cotton Wool, 
Brand — 

Absorbent, 



Pleated Compressed, 'Tabloid' 

I ounce, in packets of 4, in packages 

of I dozen (1/0/ supplied sterilised) 

I ounce packets, in packages of i dozen 



2 




Boric, I 




2 




Double Cyanide, 3%, I 




J, >' 2 




Iodoform, i 




2 





Gauze, Pleated Compressed, ' Tabloid ' Brand- 
Absorbent, 3 yards, in packages of i dozen 
Boric, 3 ,, ,, ,, 
Double Cyanide, 3%, 3 ,, ,, ,, 



110 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



Dressinsrs, Pleated Compressed, 'Tabloid' Jirand— continued 
Gauze, Pleated Compressed, 'Tabloid' tirand—continucd 

Iodoform, 3 yards, in packages of i dozen 

I yard 
,, I in. X 6 yds. ,, ,, 

Sal Alemln-olh, 1%, 3 yards 

Lint, Pleated Compressed, 'Tabloid' Brand- 
Plain, I ounce packets, in packages of i dozen 

Bo"c, I „ 

Carbolised, i ,, 

S 'ELIXOID' iJRAND PRODUCTS 

The word 'Elixoid' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always 
be specified when ordering. 

'ELIXOID' BRAND — 

„ Ammonium Valerianate — 

Each fluid drachm contains ammonium valerianate, gr. 2. 

,, Formates Compound — 

Each fluid ounce contains calcium formate, gr. 12 ; 
sodium formate, gr. 6 ; magnesium formate, gr. 6. 

„ Glycerophosphates — 

Each fluid ounce contains calcium glycerophoshate, gr. 4 ; 
sodium glycerophosphate, gr.2; potassium glycerophos- 
phate, gr. 2 ; and magnesium glycerophosphate, gr. i. 

„ Mucin — 

Each fluid drachm contains mucin, in suspension, gr. 2J. 

„ Pine Tar Compound — 

Each fluid drachm contains tar, balsam of tolu, and 
' Pinol,' with terpin hydrate, gr. 1/8 ; tincture of 
Virginian prune, min. 1-1/2 ; and liquid extract of 
ipecacuaniia, min. 1/6. 

' Elixoid ' products .ire issued in bottles containing 4 fl. oz. 

Also various other products issued under the ''Elixoid^ Brand 



ISSUED BV B. \V. 



Ill 




rSI 'ENULE' BRAND RECTAL 
SUPPOSITORIES 

The word 'Enule'is a brand which designates fine products 

issued by Burroug^hs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always 

be specified when ordering. 

The ' Enule ' rectal suppository 
possesses conspicuous advan- 
tages over tliose of the ordinary 
conical shape, which are difficult 
to introduce, and are sometimes 
even expelled. ' Enule ' supposi- 
tories are encased in sheaths of 
pure tinfoil, easily stripped off 

at the moment of using. They 

contain accurate doses of pure 

drugs, their active principles 

are evenly diffused throughout 

the mass, and they will retain 

the full activity of the medica- 
ment for a long period of 

time. 



Enule * Brand Rectal Suppository 
after removal of sheath. 
This shape oi*igiiiated by 
Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 




' Euule ' Brand Rectal Suppository 

showing sheath of pure tinfoil. 

This shape originated by 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 



PROF. CASPARI, in his Treatise on Pharmacy, says :— 

" The usual shape of rectal suppositories is that of a cone with a rounded 
apex, but the difficulty of readily introducing them into the rectum has led 
to the designing of a new shape by H. S. Wellcome, of London, 
the great advantages of which become apparent when it is 
remembered that the bulbous end is inserted into the rectum, op'^mon 
and, that as soon as the greatest diameter has been passed, 
expulsion of the suppository is impossible, by reason of the 
very contractile force of the .sphincter muscle, which renders retention of 
the ordin.ary conical shape often so difficult." 

Each kind is packed in boxes of one dozen (of one strength) 



' ENULE' BRAND-- DIRECTION 

,, Belladonna Extract gr. 1/4, gr. 1/2 and gr. i One as 

required 

,, Bismuth Suhgaliate gr. 10 One as 

required 

,, Cocaine Hydro- gr. 1/2 One as 

chloride required 

,, Gall and Opium One as 

Ji Acidi Tannic! gr. 3 required 



Ext. Opii 



gr- 1/4 



112 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



'Enule' Brand Rectal Suppositories— continued 

' E N U L E ' BRAND — continued 



Glycerin 
(Anhydrous), 95 7„ 

' Hazeline ' Com- 
pound 



' Hemisine ' 

f Trade Mark) 

Lead and Opium 

5 Plumbi Acetatis 
Pulv. Opii ... 

Meat (Predigested) 



Children's and 

Adults' sizes 

Containing ' Hazeline, ' 
extract of hamame- 
lis and zinc oxide. 
(See also ' Hazeline ' 
Suppositories) 

... o-ooi sm. 



gr- 3 



DIRECTION 

One as 
required 

One as 
required 



One as 
required 

One as 

required 



Children's and One as 

Adults' sizes required 

Containing gr. Sj and gr. 15, respectively, of 
concentrated peptone from choice fresh beef. 

Milk (Predigested) Children's and One as 

Adults' sizes required 

Containing gr. 10 and gr. iS, respectively, of 
concentrated peptone from new milk. 

Morphine and Belladonna ... ... ... One as 

5; Morphinas Hydrochloridi ... gr. 1/4 required 

E.xt. Belladonnas ... ... gr. 1/2 



Morphine Hydrochloride gr. 1/4, 



sr. 1/2 



Opium Extract ... 



and gr. i 
sr. I ... 



Quassin (Amorphous) gr. 1/2 ... 

The bitter principle of quassia wood, 
used in the treatment of threadworm, 
especially in children. 

Quinine Bisulphate ... gr- 5 

Santonin ... ... gr. 3 ■•■ 

Soap Compound 

5' Saponis Animalis gr. 7 

Sodii Sulphatis Exsiccati ... gr. 7 



One as 
required 

One as 
required 

One on each 
of at least 
twelve 
successive 
nights 
One as 

required 
One as 

required 

One as 
required 



Also various other products issued under the ' Enule ' Brand 

' Enule ' Brand Rectal Suppositories must be kept in a cool and 
dry place. 



ISSUED BY 



113 



u".^^ 'ERNUTIN' BRAND PRODUCTS 

' Ernutin ' products present the active therapeutic principles 
of ergot, the alkaloid ergotoxine and the organic base /-hydroxy- 
phenylethylamine in definite amount and free from the paralytic 
and depressor principles associated with many ergot prepara- 
tions. ' Ernutin ' products are physiologically standardised. 
They are the result of extensive researches in the Wellcome 
Physiological Research Laboratories. 

'Ernutin' — (For oral administration), in i oz. , 4 oz. and 
16 oz. amber-coloured stoppered bottles. 

(See also ' Vaporole ' ' Ernutin,' /^i"^ ^^2,) 

For full particulars of the pharmacology and therapeutics 

of ' Ernutin ' products, see special booklet 

' Eucalyptia,' pure oil oi Eucalyptus globtdus. 
(Trade Mark) Respiratory disinfectant and deodorant. 
Bottles containing 2 fl. oz. 

First=Aid, ' Tabloid ' Brand (see passes 102, 103; 

Gauze, Pleated Compressed, 'Tabloid' Brand (see 
page 109) 

S'HAZELINE' BRAND PREPARATIONS 

DOSE 

'Hazeline' Brand An anodyne and styptic dr. i to 

Haviainelis virgini- fluid obtained by dis- dr. 3 

ana, in 4 and 16 fl. tillation from the fresh 

oz. ijottles. young twigs. 

'Hazeline' Cream, in Combines anodyne — 

collapsible tubes and astringent and emol- 
glass pots. lient properties. 

"'Hazeline' Snow,"' A non-greasy preparation, — 

(Trade Mark) owing its astringent, 

in glass pots. soothing and healing 

properties to the pre- 
sence of a liigli propor- 
tion of ' Hazeline.' 
'Hazeline' Supposi- Contain pure 'Hazeline' One as 
tories, in boxes. required 

{See also ' Enulc' ' Hazeline' Compound, page 1 12) 
Also various other products issued under the ' Hazeline ' Brand 



Hi FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



TRADE ( 
MARK 



HEMISINE' BRAND PRODUCTS 



'Hemisine' products present the active principle of the 
medulla of the supra-renal gland, having its characteristic vaso- 
constrictor, haemostatic and astringent properties. With those 
' Hemisine ' products which are presented in a dry, soluble state, 
fresh, active solutions may be instantly prepared as required. 
For the convenience of practitioners who prefer a liquid prepara- 
tion, ' Hemisine ' is also issued in solution of a strength of 
I in looo. This solution, the result of continued experiment 
and research, is unique in stability, in activity and in freedom 
from irritant properties, and supersedes those ready-made solu- 
tions of the supra-renal principle which have hitherto proved 
unsatisfactory. ' Hemisine ' is physiologically standardised by 
observations of its effect on the blood -pressure, so that each 
product is of supreme and uniform activity. ' Hemisine ' 
products are reliable, stable and uniform, and are free from 
irritant properties. 

For full particulars of the pharmacology and therapeutics 
of ' Hemisine ' products, see special booklet. 

'Hemisine' (i in lOoo), in amber-coloured stoppered bottles 
of 5 c. c. and lo c.c. Specially suitable for internal 
administration or for local application. 

A supply of '■ Soloid' Sodium Chloride, o-2t, s;ni.,fo7- preparing tiornial 
saline solution, is included with each bottle. 

(See also pages 112, 124, 136, 159, 184^ 

HYPODERMIC APPARATUS 
Needles for B. W. & Co. Syringes — 

( Full list, etc., scut on request) 
Syrincies 
AII=Qlass Aseptic Hypodermic Syringe, 

The B. W. & Co. 

Barrel, piston and nozzle con.sist entirely of glass. The solid 
piston obviates use of packing. May be instantly taken 
apart for rendering aseptic. Five sizes, min. 15, min. 20, 
min. 40, min. 60, and i c.c. with two steel needles. A 
detachable finger-grip (nickel-plated) can be supplied. 
A ' Tabloid ' Detachable Sheath-Grip is also issued for 
use with this syringe. 

(If desired, platino-iridium needles can be fitted) 

Hypodermic Syringe, The B. W. & Co. 

Solid Silver. Nozzle detachable, so that the solution of a 
' Tabloid ' Hypodermic product may be effected in the 
barrel. With two platino-iridium needles, in case. 
Capacity, min. 20. 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 115 



Hypodermic Ai.x>t>^ratus— continued 

Syringes — coutimied 

Hypodermic Syringe, The B. W. & Co. 

Nickel-plated. With two needles. Capacity, min. 15 or 
min. 20. 

(If desired, platino-iridium needles can be Fitted) 

Serum Syringe, The B. W. & Co. All=QIass Aseptic 

The working parts are composed entirely of glass, the needle 
being attached to the nozzle by a flexible rubber joint which 
guards against fracture. In five sizes, 2 c.c, 3 c.c, 5 c.c, 
10 c.c. and 25 c.c, with two steel needles, in metal case. 
(If desired, platino-iridium needles can be fitted) 

Serum Syringe, The B. W. & Co. Nickel=plated 

In metal case, complete, with two platino-iridium needles, 
capacity 5 c.c. or 10 c.c. 

HYPODERMIC PRODUCTS 

rS; 'TABLOID' BRAND 

The word 'TABLOID' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always 
be specified when ordering. 

"They are quite free from objectionable and irritative salts." 
— British Medical Journal. 

"They are very soluble and not at all irritating." — Lancet. 

' Tabloid ' Hypodermic products accurately contain the stated 
weight of pure medicament. They are rapidly soluble, of 
uniform activity, and they keep perfectly. 

PREPARATION .STRENGTH DOSE 

♦TABLOID' BRAND 

(Hypodermic)— 

,, Aconitine Nitrate gr. 1/640 gr. 1/640 

,, *An£esthetic Compound, A ... As required 

IJ Cocainse Hydrochloridi... gr. i/io 

MorphiiiEE Hydrochloridi gr. 1/50 

Sodii Chloridi gr. 1/5 

,, *AnKSthetic Compound, B ... As required 

5: Cocainae Hydrochloridi... gr. 1/5 
Morphina; Hydrochloridi gr. 1/50 
Sodii Chloridi gr. 1/5 

,,* Anaesthetic Compound, C ... As required 

]^ Eucainx Lactatis ... gr. 7/16 
Sodii Chloridi gr; 3-1/2 



In tubes of ii (all others contain 20 J 



116 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



Hypodermic Products, 'Tabloid' 


Brand — continued 




PREPARATION 


STRENGTH DOSE 




'TABLOID BRAND 






(Hypodermic)— 






,, Apomorphine Ilydrochlorid 


e gr. I/20 






£;!■. i/iq , 

; er. 1/20 
gr. i/io - ^ ; 


to 


»> ) » ,) 


cr. I/IO 
0-0025 gm- 




!J !5 >, 


0-005 gm- . 




,f/ Apomorphine Hydrochloride gr. i/io ) ^__ 




" \^ Strychnine Hydrochloride 


... gr. 1/60 /-"^ 




,, Atropine Sulphate 


... gr. 1/150] 




'> ,, ., 


... gr. i/ioo gr. 1/200 


to 


)> ») 1) 


... gr. 1/60 \ gr. i/ioo 


in- 


)I ?: >5 


0-0005 gm. creased) 




" ?> )) 


...o-ooi gm.^ 




(Atropine Sulphate ... 


... gr. 1/200 \ ^ 
... gr. I/IOO j '^"^ 




" ^^Strychnine Sulphate 




/"Atropine Sulphate ... 


... gr. 1/150I -. 
... gr. i/So j ^^"^ 




" ^^ Strychnine Sulphate 




,, *Caffeine Sodio-salicylate 

»» 55 51 


... gr. 1/2 ^ 

... 0-0^ gm. , 

„ „, - gr. i/2togi 
... 0-05 gm. ^ ' ° 

... o-i gm. , 


■• 4 


'5 55 55 




,, Cocaine Hydrochloride 


... gr. i/io 






5 5 5 5 5 5 


... gr. 1/6 






* 

55 55 55 


... gr. 1/4 






55 55 55 


... gr. 1/2 


gr. i/io 


to 


55 55 55 


... o-oi gm. 


gr. 1/2 




* 
55 55 55 


. .. 0-015 gm- 






* 
55 55 55 


... 0-02 gm. 






55 55 51 


... 0-03 gm. 






,, Codeine Phosphate ... 

55 55 55 


■■■^-'J^ )gr. i/4togr 
...0-015 gm.J » '^ & 


. 2 


., *Cotarnine Hydrochloride 


..o-oi5gm. j-- /4 
.. 0-025 gm. j '^ ■ ' 


to 


55 55 55 

« 
55 55 55 




,, Curara ... 


.. gr. 1/12 gr. 1/12 
gr. 1/2 


to 


,, Digitalin (Amorphou.s) 


-- gr- l/ioo\gr. 1/500 


to 


,, ,, (Crystalline) 


..0-0005 gm.j gr. 1/30 




/Digitalin (Amorphous) 


.. gr. i/iool ^ 
.. gr. i/iooj '^"^ 




" (^ Strychnine Sulphate 





In tubes of 12 (all others contain 20) 



ISSUED BY B. 



AND CO. 



117 



Hypodermic Products, ' Tabloid ' Brand— conimued 

PREPARATION 
'TABLOID' BRAND 

(Hypodermic) — 

Ersrotinine Citrate 



, /Ergotinine Citrate ... 
\^ Morphine Sulphate ... 

, fErgotinine Citrate ... 
>_ Strychnine Sulphate... 

"^Ergotoxine 

^ f Ergotoxine ... 
\ Morphine Sulphate ... 

f f Ergotoxine ... 

\_Strychnine Sulphate... 

Eserine (see Physostiguiinc) 
*Eucaine Hydrochloride 

*Eucaine Lactate 



Homatropine Hydrochloride 
Hydrargyri Perchloridi 



Hydrargyri Succinimidi 
Hyoscine Hydrobromide 



'Hyoscine Compound, A 

^ Hyoscinae Hydrobromidi 
Morphine Sulphatis ... 
AtropinaE Sulphatis ... 

"Hyo.scine Compound, B 

IJ: Hyoscinai Hydrobromidi 
Morphinai .Sulphatis ... 
Atropina; -Sulphatis ... 

*Hyoscyamine Sulphate 



STRENGTH DOSE 




... gr. 


^/^°°1 gr. 1/200 

l/lOO c , 1^ 


to 


... gr. 
o-ooc 




... gr. 
... gr. 


lie /O"^ 




... gr. 


1/20 / 0"^ 




... gr. 




... gr. 


i/ioo One 




... gr. 


i/ioo^ ,-, 
1/6 J^"^ 




... gr. 




... gr. 
... gr. 


i/iool ^ 

1/20 / 0- 




... gr. 
... gr. 


J/^ |gr. i/3togi 


. 2 


... gr. 
... gr. 


J'^ jgr. i/3togi 


. 2 


... gr. 


i/25o\gr. 1/250 


to 


0-00025 gm. J gr. 1/20 




... gr. 


1/60 ^ 




... gr. 


1/30 1 gr. 1/60 


to 


...o-ooi gm. gr. 1/30 




... o-oi gm.. 




... gr. 


1/5 One 




... gr. 
... gr. 
... gr. 


1/200' , 
l/ioo Sr- 1/200 
;/'°°- gr.i/ioo( 

)3gm.J "■'^''^''' 




to 


in- 


o-ooc 






One 




... gr. 


i/ioo 




... gr. 


1/6 




... gr. 


I/I80 

One 




... gr. 


i/ioo 




... gr 


1/4 




... gr 


1/150 




... gr. 


1/80 1 gr. 1/200 


to 


... gr. 


1/20 \ gr. i/ioo( 


in- 


...o-ooigm. J creased) 





/n tubes 0/12 (ail others contain 20 J 



118 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



Hypodermic Products. 'Tabloid' 

PREPARATION 
'TABLOID' BRAND 

(Hypodermic)— 

„ Morphine Hydrochloride 



^ f Morphine Hydrochloride 
(^ Atropine Sulphate ... 

/Morphine Hydrochloride 
\Atropine Sulphate ... 

Morphine Meconate 



Morphine Sulphate 



( Morphine Sulphate 
\ Atropine Sulphate 
f Morphine Sulphate 
\^ Atropine Sulphate 
(Morphine Sulphate 
1^ Atropine Sulphate 
(Morphine Sulphate 
^^ Atropine Sulphate 
(Morphine Sulphate 
\Atropine Sulphate 



Brand — continu 


'd 


STRENGTH DOSE 


... gr. 1/6 ^ 




... gr. 1/4 




■•• gr- 1/3 




... gr. i/2 


gr. i/S to 


0-005 gm. 


- gr. 1/4 (in- 


... o-oi gm. 


creased) 


...0-015 gm. 




. . . 0-02 gm. 
... 0-03 gm. ^ 




... gr. 1/6 1 ,^ 

== V One 
... gr. 1/70 / 


... o-oi gm. \ Q^^ 


0-0003 gm- i 


- Sr- 1/8 ^ gr. i/S to 


- §J- 'If - gr. 1/4 (in- 
■■' ° ■ ', creased) 
■•• gr- 1/3 ) 


... gr. 1/12 ' 




... gr. 1/8 




... gr. 1/6 




... gr. 1/4 




•■• gr- 1/3 
... gr. 1/2 
... gr. I 


gr. 1/8 to 


r gr. 1/4 (in- 
creased) 


... O-OI gm. 




...0-015 gm. 




... 0-02 gm. 




... 0-03 gm. 




... 0-05 gm. 




... gr. 1/12 ^ 




... gr. 1/250 




... gr. 1/8 




... gr. 1/200 
... gr. 1/6 
... gr. 1/180 




One of 


required 


strength 


... gr. 1/4 




... gr. 1/150 




••■ gr- 1/3 




... gr. 1/120, 





In tubes of 12. (ail others contain 20) 



ISSUED BY B. \V. AND CO. 



119 



Hypodermic Products. 'Tabloid' Brand— cotUinueii 



PREPARATION 
'TABLOID' BRAND 

(Hypodermic) 

f Morphine Sulphate .. 
" \ Atropine Sulphate .. 

^ ("Morphine Sulphate .. 
" (^Atropine Sulphate .. 

/Morphine Sulphate .. 
" \ Strychnine Sulphate 

,, Morphine Tartrate 



STRENGTH 



DOSE 



err. 



1/3 
1/60 

yy. 1/2 
i/ioo J 

1/4 ) 



SI 



One of 

required 



strength 



One 



gr. 1/60 j 

gr. 1/4 gr. i/8togr. 1/4 



Physostigmine Salicylate (Eserine 



Salicylate) 



gr. i/iool 



Physostigmine Salicylate (Eserine j 

Salicylate o-ooo'; gm. j 

Picrotoxin 



gr- 
£1" 



0-0005 gm. 
.. gr. 1/60 



Pilocarpine Hydrochloride ...o-ooi gm. 

Pilocarpine Nitrate gr. i/io 

gr- 1/6 

gr- 1/3 

gr- 1/2 

o-oi gm- 

.. er. 2 



(increased) 

i/ioo 
1/25 

gr. i/ioo 

gr- 1/25 
One 



to 



to 



gr- 
cr. 



1/20 

1/2 



to 



* Potassium Permanganate 

*Quinine Bihydrochloride 

* 

* 

*Quinine Bisulphate 

*Quinine Hydrobromide 
« 

* 

*Sparteine Sulphate 
Strophanthin ... 



r 



I to gr. 5 
I to gr. 5 



Strychnine Hydrocli 

«1 5) 


loride 


... sir. 1/200I 

'^ / sr. 
... gr. i/iOO r ==> 

/ f^r 
... gr. 1/30 J ^ • 


1/150 
i/io 


Strychnine Nitrate 




•■■ gr. 1/15 1 




>) • i 




... gr. l/io tgr. 


1/150 


)t >> 


... 


0-0005 gm. gr. 


i/io 


) J >7 




O-OOI gm. j 





gr. I 

gr- 3 
gr- 5 

gr- 5 

gr- 1/2 1 

0-03 gm. V gr. 1/2 to gr. 2 

0-05 gm. j 

gr. 1/2 gr. 1/2 to gr. I 

gr. 1/500 gr. 1/500 to 
gr. i/ioo 

to 



to 



Jn tubes of 12 (all others contain zo) 



120 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



Hypodermic Products, 'Tabloid' 


Brand — continued 




PREPARATION 


STRENGTH DOSE 




'TABLOID' BRAND 






(Hypodermic)— 






,, Strjxhnine Sulphate ... 

?> ; ? ' ' ■ ■ • 


... gr. 1/150^ 
... gr. i/ioo 






5 J •» yj 


... gr. 1/60 
... gr. 1/50 
... gr. 1/40 
... gr. 1/30 


-gr. 1/150 
gr. i/io 


to 


' ' 7) ) ) ... 


... gr. 1/20 ) 






,, Trinitrin (Nitroglycerin) 


... gr. i/25o\gr. 1/250 


to 


»» >? ? ) 


... gr. i/iooj gr. 1/50 




.J/j-^ various other Hypodermic 


prodticts issued under 


the 


' Tabloid' 


Brand 







Hypodermic Veterinary Products, ' Tabloid ' Brand 

(Full particulars sent on request) 

Inhaler (B. W. & Co.) 

Ammonium Chloride Inhaler, 'Vereker.' 
Delivers neutral vapours of Ammonium Chloride. 



S 'KEPLER' MALT EXTRACT AND 
COMBINATIONS 

SPECIAL CAUTION. — Many attempts are made to imitate 
'Kepler' Malt Products, and it is necessary to take precautions 
against substitution, as malt preparations vary greatly in dietetic 
value. Verbal instructions are not safe . To prevent fraud it 
is best to write prescriptions for original bottles. 

Dose — Of all ' Kepler ' preparations, one teaspoonful to two 
dessertspoonfuls. 

preparation and strength 
'Kepler' Malt Extract — 

A most reliable and highly-concentrated extract, prepared 
from the finest winter-malted barley. Its dietetic 
value depends not only on its high diastatic powers, 
but also on the albuminoids, phosphates, etc., which it 
contains. 
Ditto with Beef and Iron 

Each fluid draciim contains extract of beef, gr. i ; iron and 
ammonium citrate, gr. J 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 121 



'Kepler' Malt Extract and Combinations— coniituted 

' Kepler ' Malt Extract — contimted 
Ditto with Cascara Sagrada 

Each fluid ounce contains extract of cascara sagrada, gr. 6 
Ditto with Chemical Food (Phosphates Compoiind) 

Each fluid ounce contains iron phosphate, gr. 2 ; calcium 
phosphate, gr. 3 ; sodium phosphate, gr. 1/4 ; potassium 
phosphate, gr. 1/4 
Ditto with H.-EMOGLOBIN 

Ditto with Hypophosi'HITES 

Each fluid ounce contains calcium hypophosphite, gr. S ; potas- 
sium hypophosphite, gr. 4 ; sodium, hypophosphite, gr. 4 

Ditto with Iron 

Each fluid ounce contains soluble iron pyrophosphate, gr. 4 

Ditto with Iron and Quinine Citrate 

Each fluid ounce contains iron and quinine citrate, gr. 7-1/2 

Ditto with Iron Iodide 

Each fluid ounce contains iron iodide, gr. 2 

Ditto with Iron, Quinine and Strychnine (Easton) 

Each fluid ounce contains iron phosphate, gr. 1/2 ; quinine 
phosphate, gr. 3/8 ; strychnine phosphate, gr. 1/64 

Ditto with Pepsin 

Each fluid ounce contains pure pepsin, gr. 4 

Ditto with Pepsin and Pancreatin 

Each fluid ounce contains pure pepsin and pure pancreatin, of each 
gr- 4 

Ditto with Phosphorus 

Each fluid ounce contains pure phosphorus, gr. 1/64 

' Kepler ' Solution (of Cod Liver Oil in Malt 
Extract) — 

Cod Liver Oil i.s the premier fatty food. It is unequalled 
for its power of supplying fat to the body, and for the 
readiness with which it is oxidised. Moreover, it 
enables the tissues to live and develop, to repair 
waste, and to effectively resist disease. 

The great usefulness of cod liver oil has been largely 
discounted by the unpleasant effects — nausea, eructa- 
tions and alimentary disturbance — which often follow 
the administration of even the purest oil. 

' Kepler' Solution of Cod Liver Oil in Malt Extract is 
uni(jue in its palatability and in the ease and com- 
pleteness with which it is assimilated. It presents the 
purest cod liver oil incorporated in the best mall 
extract. The oil is thoroughly diffused in ihc 

G 



122 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



' Kepler ' Malt Extract and Combinations— cwi^i«?ic<i' 

'Kepler' Solution (of Cod Liver Oil i\ Malt 
Extract) — continued 

' Kepler ' Malt Extract, and this molecular incorpora- 
tion renders its digestion easy and its assimilation 
certain. So palatable is ' Kepler ' Solution that 
children and fastidious patients take it readily, whilst 
it is absorbed without difficulty by the most tender 
organism. The high food value of this product is 
shown by rapid increase in the strength and weight 
of the patient. 

Initial doses should be small and only gradually increased. 
Ditto with Chemical Food (Phosphates Compound) 

Each fluid ounce contains iron phosphate, gr. i ; calcium 
phosphate, gr. 3 ; sodium phosphate, gr. 1/4 ; potassium 
phosphate, gr. 1/4 

Ditto with Hypophosphites 

Each fluid ounce contains calcium hypophosphite, gr. 4 ; potas- 
sium hypophosphite, gr. 2 ; sodium hypophosphite, gr. 2 

Ditto with Iron Iodide 

Each fluid ounce contains iron iodide, gr. 2 

Ditto with Phosphorus 

Each fluid ounce contains phosphorus, gr. r/64 

Also various other p7-epar at ions issued tmder the 'Kepler'' 

Bra)id 

' Lanesine,' ' Dartring ' Brand 

For counteracting insect stings. In collapsible tubes. 

LanoUne {see 'Dartring' Brand products, /a^og 107) 

Lint, Pleated Compressed, ' Tabloid ' Brand (see 
page i\o) 

Malt Extract (sec 'Y.y.vly.^' page \2o) 

Medicine Chests and Cases, ' Tabloid ' Brand (see 

pages S9-9S) 

Menthol Snuff, Compound (B. W. & Co.) 

An extremely effective and convenient combination of 
ammonium chloride, menthol, etc., issued in enamelled 
tins, after the manner of old-fashioned black and gold 
snuff-boxes. 



ISSUED BY H. W. AND CO. 123 

Mercury Succinimide Outfit (B. W. & Co.) (see 

special circular ) 

Methyl Alcohol (Pure) 

For use in microscopic staining. In liermetically-sealed glass 
phials, each containing 15 c.c. 

Mucin (in scales) — 

A compound substance consisting of protein and a carbo- 
hydrate, given internally in those conditions in which 
bismuth is usually prescribed. Bottles containing i oz. 

' Nizin ' {rrade Mark) — 

A zinc salt of sulphanilic acid. An antiseptic readily soluble 
in water, and, in the strengths recommended for use, is 
non-irritating and non-toxic. Bottles containing i oz. , 
4 oz. , and 16 oz. 

' Opa' Liquid Dentifrice (foriiicrly known as 'Salodent'^ 
(Trcuic Mark) Aromatic, antiseptic liquid dentifrice. Bottles 
containing 2 fl. oz. and 4 fl. oz. (with sprinklers). 

OPHTHALMIC PRODUCTS 

r^ 'TABLOID' BRAND 

The word ' Tabloid ' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always 
be specified when ordering. 

' Tabloid ' Ophthalmic products are minute in size, as 
thin as notepaper, and contain exact doses of pure Exact 
drugs, prepared with a perfectly innocuous and ^"^"^^ 
rapidly soluble basis. They are supplied in tubes of 25 
(except c, cc, dd, e, ff, g, l, mm, nn, o, rk, tt, uu, w, y 
and Z, which contain 12). 

PREPARATION STRENGTH 

'TABLOID' riKAMi 

(Ophthalmic) — 

,, T Alum 

,, EE Argyrol 

,, .\ Atropine Sulphate ... 

,, A ,, ,, 

, , l-I, , , , , ... ... 

,, MM ,, ,, 



gr. 


1/250 


gr- 


1/24 


gr- 


1/600 


gr- 


1/200 


0-0003 gm 


0-003 gm- 



124 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



Ophthalmic Products, 'Tabloid' Brand- 

PREPARATION 
'TABLOID' BRAND 

(OphthaJmic) — 

f Atropine Hydrobromide ... 
" (^Cocaine Hydrochloride 

/"Atropine Hydrobromide ... 
" '^\Cocaine Hydrochloride 

,, AA Cocaine Plydrochloride 

,, NN 

,, BB Dionin 

„ FF ,, 

Duboisine Sulphate 
Eserine (see Physostigmine) 
Euphthalmine Hydrochloride 
Fluorescein ... 

' Hemisine ' {Trade Mark) ... 

Homatropine Hydrochloride 



-contimted 

STRENGTH 



OO 

Y 
Z 

cc 

H 
E 
SS 



TT 

U 

GG 
F 
PP 



RR 
K 

M 

L 

UU 



f Homatropine Hydrochloride 
\Cocaine Hydrochloride 

("Homatropine Hydrochloride 
\^ Cocaine Hydrochloride 

(Homatropine Hydrochloride 
\^ Cocaine Hydrochloride 

Hyoscine Hydrobromide ... 

Physostigmine Salicylate ... 



/ Physostigmine Salicylate . . . 
\^Tropacocaine Hydrochloride 

(Physostigmine Salicylate ... 
I^Tropacocaine Hydrochloride 

Pilocarpine Nitrate 

/Pilocarpine Nitrate 
\^ Cocaine Hydrochloride 

Scopolamine {see Hyoscine) 

Tropacocaine Hydrochloride 



gr. 1/200 
gr. 1/200 

0-0003 t?'!!- 
0-0003 g"i- 

gr- 1/50 
gr. 1/20 
0-003 gn^- 
0-0005 gf"- 
0-005 g'l''- 
0-00025 gm. 

gr. 1/40 
gr. 1/250 
o-ooo6 gm, 
gr. 1/400 
gr. 1/40 
0-00015 g"""- 
gr. 1/240 
gr. 1/24 

gr- 1/50 
gr- 1/50 
0-00025 gi^i- 
0-0025 g"i- 
gr. 1/600 
gr. 1/2000 
gr. .1/600 
0-000 1 gm. 

gr. 1/500 
gr. i/ioo 
o-oooi gm. 
0-0006 gm. 
gr. 1/400 

gr. 1/500 
gr. 1/200 

gr- 1/30 
0-002 gm. 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 125 

Ophthalmic Products, ' Tabloid ' Brand — contimted 
PREPARATION STRENGTH 

'TABLOID' BRAND 

(Ophthalmic) — 

,, XX Tuberculin (with ' Tabloid ' Control 
Products) ... 

,, R Zinc Sulphate 
,, WW ,, 



0-0002 gm. 
... gr. 1/250 

0-00025 gm. 
... gr. 1/250 
... gr. 1/20 

Also various other Ophthalmic products issued tinder the 
' Tabloid ' Brand 



■ /'Zinc Sulphate 

^Cocaine Hydrochloride 



OPHTHALMIC PRODUCTS 
■;?; 'SOLOID' brand 

The word 'SOLOID' is a brand which desig^nates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always 
be specified when ordering. 

'SOLOID' BRAND 

(Ophthalmic) — 

,, J Corrosive Sublimate ( Hydrarg. Chlor. Corrosiv. ) 

gr. i/iooo, tubes of 25 

For other "■ So/oid' Brand products suitable for Ophthalmic 
use, see pages 135-140. 

Ophthalmic Veterinary Products, ' Soloid ' Brand 

( Full particulars sent on 7-eguest ) 

' Orsudan ' (Sodium 3-Methyl-4-acetylaminophenylarsonate) 

{'J'l-adc Marl:) DOSE 

An organic preparation of low toxicity as One to ten 

compared with arsenious acid or the in- grains (or 0-o6 

organic salts of arsenic, containing 25-4 gm. to o-6 

per cent. ofarsenium(As). It is anhydrous gm. ) by sub- 

and soluble in 2\ parts of water at body cutaneous or, 

temperature, and in 4 parts at 60° Fahren- preferably, in- 

heit. Used in malaria, syphilis, Irypano- tram use ular 

somiasis and other protozoal diseases. In injection. 
5 gramme and 30 gramme containers. 

The results of recent experiments suggest that 'Orsudan,' in 
doses of 005 gm. , injected daily for five to seven days, will be of 
marked value in malaria. 

{See also ' Tabloid ' ' Orsudan,' page 167) 
For full particulars, see Arylarsonate pamphlet 



126 FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 

' Paroleine ' A perfectly stable, odourless, colourless and 
(Trade Mark) tasteless oil. It is a good solvent of many of 
the remedies employed in treating diseases of the nose and 
throat. Bottles containing 4 fl. oz. and i lb. (i8| fl. oz. ). 

PASTILLES, ^.P,^ 'TABLOID' brand 

The word 'Tabloid' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always 
be specified when ordering. 

' Tabloid ' Pastilles ensure the gradual and prolonged applica- 
tion to the throat and mouth of medicaments, which are 
presented in a most pleasant condition ; they are also employed 
in certain cases to obtain the general effect of the drug. By 
their use, astringents, antiseptics, anesthetics, expectorants and 
laxatives can be conveniently exhibited. The basis of the 
pastille is demulcent, increasing the efficacy of the active 
ingredients. 

'TABLOID' BRAND— 

,, Ammonium Chloride and Liijuorice 
Each contains ammonium chloride, gr. i 

,, Benzoic Acid Compound 

IJ Acidi Benzoici ... ... ... gr. 1/2 

Codeinse... ... ... ... gr. i/ro 

Menthol... ... ... ... gr. i/io 

Pulv. Ipecacuanhae ... ... gr. i/io 

Gummi Rubi'i ... gr. i/?. 

01. Menthae Piperita; ... q.s. 

,, Codeine, gr. 1/8 

,, Glycerin 

,, Glycerin and Black Currant 

,, Glycerin, Tannin and Black Currant 

Each contains tannin, gr. 1/2 

,, Glycerin, Tannin, Capsicum and Black Currant 

Each contains tannin, gr. 1/2, and the equivalent of Tincture of 
Capsicum I!. P., min. 3/4, equal to Pulv. Capsicum, gr. 3/80. 

,, Laxative Fruit 

Each contains e.xtract of senna fruit, gr. 5, pleasantly flavoured. 
The 'Tabloid' Pastille is e.xtremely palatable, snd facilitates 
the administration, to children and fastidious patients, of an 
efficient laxative. 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 127 



Pastilles, 'Tabloid' Brand— continued 
'TABLOID' BRAND— 

, , Lemon Juice 

,, Linseed, Liquorice and Chlorodyne 

Each contains morphine hydrochloride, gr. 1/120 

,, Menthol, gr. i/8 

,, Menthol and Eucalyptus 

5; Menthol gr. 1/20 

Olei Eucalypti min. 1/2 

,, Morphine and Ipecacuanha 

IJ Morphinae Hydrochloridi ... gr. 1/36 
Pulv. Ipecacuanhse gr. 1/12 

,, Pectoral 

Each contains ammoniated liquorice, squill, tolu, senega, 
ipecacuanha, wild black cherry, etc. 

,, Pine Tar Compound 

Each contains pine tar, terebene, benzoin, tolu, ipecacuanlia, etc. 

,, ' Pinol,' niin. i 
A/so various other Pastilles issued under the ' Tabloid^ Brand 

' Phenofax ' Brand Carbolic Acid Ointment 
{Trade Mark) 'PiiENOFAx'is an antiseptic Sedative dressing 
which presents 4 per cent, of" pure phenol in a bland basis, 
and is notable for its sedative effect on the skin and 
mucous surfaces. It disinfects, allays pain, and encourages 
granulation. 



PHOTOGRAPHIC CHEMICALS 
T!;f«^ 'TABLOID' BRAND 

The word 'TABLOID' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. This brand should always 
be specified when ordering. 

'Tabloid' Photographic Chemicals are much more convenient 
than ordinary chemicals ; their superior quality and accurate 
weight ensure the best results. They entirely 
obviate the trouble of weighing small quantities of reu^abfe" 
chemicals and the disappointments occasioned by 
the deterioration of stock solutions. They enable the tourist to 
carry all the requisite materials for developing, fixing, etc., with 
convenience, comfort and safety. At home they save time and 
trouble. 



128 FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 

Photographic Chemicals, ' Tabloid ' Brand— coniinued 

Developers 

The developers are packed in cartons, each containing the 
' Taljloid ' Reducing Agent, and the ' Tabloid ' Accelerator 
specially prepared for use with that reducing agent. 

'TABLOID' BRAND 

(Photographic)— 

,, Amidol Developer 

,, Edinol Developer 

,, Eikonogen Developer 

,, Glycin Developer 

,, Hydroquinone (Quinol) Developer 

,, Metol Developer 

,, Metol-Quinol Developer 

,, Ortol Developer 

,, Paramidophenol Developer 

,, Pyro Developer 

,, Pyro-Metol Developer ( Imperial Standard P^onntila) 

,, *Pyro-Soda Developer ( II ford Formula) 

,, ' Rytol' (Trade Mark) Universal Developer 

Accessories 

TABLOID' BRAND 

(Photographic)— strength 

,, Alkali — 

' Tabloid ' Sodium Carbonate ... ... gr. 44 

,, Density Reducers — 

' Tabloid ' Ammonium Persulphate ... gr. 11 

'-Tabloid ' Potassium Ferricyanide . . . gr. 2 

J J y l^ €7' 

'Tabloid' Sodium Thiosulphate (Hypo), ■) Equals gr. 44 
Dried, gr. 28-5 / of crystals 

,, Hardeni)tg and Clearing — 

' Tabloid ' Alum ... ... ... ... gr. 10 

' Tabloid ' Alum and Citric Acid Com- 
pound 
(Chrome alum, gr. 5 ; and citric acid, gr. 5) 

* In ordering this special developer, it is always necessary to quote 
" Ilford formula." 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 129 

Photographic Chemicals, 'Tabloid' Brand— coMiinued 
Accessor ie S — contin tied 

'TABLOID' BRAND 

(Photographic)— strength 

,, Hypo Elitiiinator — 

' Tabloid ' Hypo Eliminator 

, , Iiitensifiers — 

' Tabloid ' Chromium Intensifier 
' Tabloid ' Alercuric Iodide and Sodium 
Sulphite 

, , Preservatives — 

' Tabloid' Potassium Metabisulphite ... gr. lO 
' Tabloid ' Sodium Sulphite, Dried, gr. 5 Equals gr. 10 

of crystals 

, , Resirainers — 

'Tabloid' Ammonium Bromide ... gr- i 

' Tabloid ' Potassium Bromide ... ... gr. i 

' Tabloid ' Sodium Citrate ... ... gr. i 

,, Sensitiser (for carbon tissue, etc.) — 

'Tabloid' Potassium Ammonium 

Chromate ... ... ... ... gr- 24 

Toners 

'TABLOID' BRAND 

(Photographic) — 

Gold Chloride, gr. \, with Borax, gr. 15 (i; i) 

,, ,, ,, Sodium Bicarbonate, gr. 15 (b 2) 

,, „ ,, Sodium Phosphate, gr. 15 (b 3) 

,, ,, Sodium Tungstate, gr. 15 (b 4) 
,, ,, ,, S(xlium Formate Compound (b 5) 

,, ,, ,, Sulphocyanide Compound (b 6) 

,, ,, ,, Thiosulphate Compound 

( Combined Bath for toning and fixing P.O. P. ) (b 10) 

The above are supplied in cartons containing suflicicnt 
for the preparation of six toning baths of 5 to 10 ounces or 
more. For convenience they may be ordered by their 
numbers, thus : — 'Tabloid' Gold Toning, B i, P) 2, etc. 

Bleaching Compound 

Copper Ferrocyanide Toning Compound (for toning 
Bromide Prints and Lantern .Slides ) 

G* 



130 FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 

Photographic Chemicals. ' Tabloid ' Brand — conthiued 
Ton e r s — contimied 

'TABLOID' BRAND 

(Photographic) — 

,, Platinum Toning Compound (for toning Malt P. O.P. ) 
,, Sepia Toner (/or Bromide Prints and Lantern Slides) 
,, Sulphiding Compound 

Also various other Photographic products issued -under the 
' Tabloid ' Brand 

PHOTOGRAPHIC EXPOSURE RECORD 
AND DIARY, WELLCOME'S 

The most useful pocket-book for the photographer. Contains 
ruled pages for recording exposures, a diary for the year, also 
numerous technical articles and tables, and an exposure calcu- 
lator which tells the correct exposure under any circumstance 
by o/ie turn of one scale, etc. , etc. 

Northern Hemisphere Eimtion, for Canada, Europe, 
and all countries in the Northern Hemisphere except United 
Stales of America. Bound in light green cloth. 

Also issued : 

Southern Hemisphere and Tropical Edition, for all 
countries south of the Tropic of Cancer (about 20° N.). Bound 
in dark green cloth. 

U.S.A. Edition. Bound in red cloth. 

Each f'dition complete with wallet for proofs, etc. , and pencil. 

PHOTOGRAPHIC OUTFIT, No. 905 
]:T, 'TABLOID' brand 

A complete and compact chemical outfit for developing and 
fixing plates, films, bromide or gaslight papers, and for toning 
and fixing P. O.P. 

Standard Contents : — 

' Tabloid ' Metol-Quinol Developer, to make 44 ounces of 
solution ; ' Tabloid ' Pyro Developer, to make 40 ounces 



ISSUED BY B. 



131 



Photographic Outfit, 'Tabloid' Brand—caui/Huei/ 
Standard Contents (continued) : — 

of solution ; ' Tabloid ' Comljined Toner and Fixer, to 
make 30 ounces of solution ; ' Taljloid ' Hypo ; and 
'Tabloid' Potassium Bromide, gr. i. 

Measurements : 4 x 4 x 2^ in. In rex red, royal blue, 
imperial green or bright scarlet enamelled metal, or in 
black japanned metal. 

In ordering, please specify which colour is desired 

' Pinol ' ( Distilled Essence of Finns pninilio ) 

{Trade Marie) 

A valuable stimulant, disinfectant and antiseptic 
in respiratory affections. The ' Tabloid ' Pastille 
( see page 127; affords a pleasant means of securing 
prolonged continuous local action. 

In 2 oz. and i oz. bottles. 

SANITARY TOWELS, PLEATED 

COMPRESSED, S.' 'TABLOID' brand 

' Tabloid ' Pleated Compressed Sanitary Towels possess 
several points of superiority over ordinary sanitary towels. 

,. — , z^ They are made of materials 

of exceptional quality specially 
adapted for the purpose. 
Their highly absorbent pro- 
perties are particularly note- 
worthy. The delicate texture 
of the surface of these towels 



c;..:'TABLOID'...- 
PLEATED coMnfflsszD S-T. 



(„. 



Burruighs Wellcome & Co., London (Eng.l 



' Tabloid ' Pleated Sanitary . ,. , 

Towel (No. 4) ensures perfect freedom from the 

■^'^'^ ^^'^'^ slightest sense of discomfort in 

use. Owing to the extremely small space which they occupy, 
they are particularly convenient when travelling. Extreme 
compactness is secured Ijy compression, and perfect cleanliness 
ensured l)y the method of packing. 

P'ive sizes are issued, each size in packages of 12 
'Saxin,' gr. \ (see 'Tabloid' ' Sa.\[n,' page 174) 

( Vraiti- Mark) 



132 FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



SERA, T.'„,= 'WELLCOME' brand 

The word ' WELLCOME ' is a brand which designates fine 
products issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. To ensure the 
supply of these pure and reliable preparations, this brand should 
always be specified when ordering. 

The high reputation which these sera have with the 
medical profession is constantly confirmed b\' 

Reputation , . ^ , , -in, 

the favourable reports received, and the accumu- 
lating evidence proves this high reputation to be deserved. 
' Wellcome ' Brand Sera are prepared in the Wellcome 
Physiological Research Laboratories, Brockwell Hall, London, 
England, under conditions which fulfil everv require- 

Tests fe ' - T 

ment of modern science and under the immediate 
supervision of specialists of long and varied experience. The 
sera are not sent out until they have successfully passed rigorous 
sterility and toxicity tests ; they are then issued in hermetically- 
sealed phials of convenient sizes. 

Burroughs Wellcome & Co. act as distributing agents, and 
will endeavour to despatch orders for these sera immediately 
on receipt of letter or telegram. 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Diphtheria Antitoxic Serum 

Phials containing looo, 2000, 3000 and 4000 (Ehrlich- 
Behring) units. 

High Potency : 

Phials containing 1000 (PHirlich-Behring) units in i c.c. 
,, 2000 ,, ,, 2 c.c. 

,, 3000 ;, >> 3 ^•*'- 

,, 4000 ,, ,, 4 c.c. 

,, 5000 ,, ,, 5 c.c. 

Larger doses are supplied to special order only 

„ Anti=streptococcus Serum, Polyvalent: from 
horses immunised against cultures of streptococci coming in 
all from 60 sources, in the following diseases : — 

Erysipelas, Scarlet Fever, Puerperal Fever, 
Rheumatic Fever, Septicemia, Angina, 
Pneumonia, Ulcer.a.tive Endocarditis. 
Phials containing 10 c.c. and 25 c.c. 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 133 

Sera, ' Wellcome ' Brand — continued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND 
„ Anti=streptococcus Serum, Erysipelas: from 
horses immunised against cultures from typical cases of 
erysipelas : — 
Phials containing 25 c.c. 

„ Anti=streptococcus Serum, Puerperal Fever: 

from horses immunised against over 20 cultures of 
Streptococcus from cases of puerperal fever : — 
Phials containing 25 c.c. 

„ Anti=streptococcus Serum, Pyogenes : from 
horses immunised against 9 cultures oi Streptococcus pyogenes 
from fatal cases : — 
Phials containing 25 c.c. 

„ Anti=streptococcus Serum, Rheumatic Fever: 

from horses immunised against cultures from severe cases 
of acute rheumatism and of rheumatoid arthritis : — 
Phials containing 25 c.c. 

„ Anti=streptococcus Serum, Scarlatina : from 
horses immunised against cultures from 9 severe (some 
fatal) cases of scarlet fever : — 
Phials containing 25 c.c. 

„ Anti=staphylococcus Serum, Polyvalent : from 
horses immunised against various cultures of Staphytococais 
pyogenes aureus, a/bus, citreus and luc/iiorrhagicus : — 
Phials containing 25 c.c. 

„ Anti=colon Bacillus Serum : from horses immunised 
against 20 typical members of the Coli group, mostly from 
cases of peritonitis and puerperal fever : — 
Phials containing 25 c.c. 

„ Anti=dysentery Serum : from horses immunised 
against cultures of Bacillus dysenterue obtained from 
several cases of dy.sentery : — 
Phials containing 25 c.c. 

„ Anti-gonococcus Serum : from horses immunised 
against cultures of Gonococcus obtained from several 
different sources : — 
Phials containing 25 c.c. 



134 FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 

Sera. ' Wellcome ' Brand — continued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 

,, Anti=meningococcus Serum : from horses immu- 
nised against cultures of Meningococcus {Micrococcus 
Meningitidis intracellulai-is') obtained from several different 
sources : — 
Phials containing 25 c.c. 

,, Anti=typhoid Serum : from horses immunised 
against cultures of Bacillus typhosus from several cases 
of typhoid fever : — • 
Phials containing 25 c.c. 

„ Anti=venom Serum : from horses immunised against 
the venom of typical representatives of columbrine, 
viperine and other poisonous snakes : — 
Phials containing 25 c.c. 

50 c.c. phials of Anti-streptococcus Serum, Polyvalent, 
'Wellcome,' and 10 c.c. and 50 c.c. phials of the remainder 
of these Sera are supplied to special order only. 

„ Normal Horse Serum 

Phials containing 10 c.c. and 25 c.c. 

„ Mallein, for diagnosis of Glanders, 

Phials containing i c.c. (sufficient for one injection). 
Also various other Sera issued under the ' Wellcome ' Brand 

Serum Syringes (B. W. «& Co.) (seepage 115J 

' Soamin ' (Sodium Para-aminophenylarsonate) 

(Trade Mark) DOSE 

An organic preparation of low toxicity as One to ten 
compared with arsenious acid or the grains (or o-o6 
inorganic salts of arsenic. It contains 22-8 gm. to o-6 
per cent, of arsenium (As), and is soluble gm.) by sub- 
in three parts of water at body temperature cutaneous or, 
and in five parts at 60 "" F. Used in syphilis, preferably, in- 
malaria, kala-azar, trypanosomiasis and tramuscular 
other protozoal diseases. In 5 gramme injection 
and 30 gramme containers. 

[See also 'Tabloid' ' Soamin.' /a o-f 174) 
For full particulars, see ' Soamin ' booklet 



ISSUED BY R. W. AND CO. 



135 



S 'SOLOID' BRAND PRODUCTS 

The word ' SOLOID ' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burrougrhs Wellcome & Co. To ensure the supply of 
these pure and reliable preparations, this brand should always 
be specified when ordering. 

The series of 'Soloid' Brand products provides reliable 
antiseptics, astringents and anaesthetics ; also convenient means 
of preparing stains for microscopic work, and test 
solutions for water, sewage, or urine analysis. Their j- 
portability, accuracy in dosage, uniform activity 
and ready solubility render them far preferable to stock 
solutions. 



gr. 30 




gr. 15 






gr. I 




gr- 5-45 



' SOLOID ' BRAND— STRENGTH 

,, Alum gr- 10 

,, Alum and Zinc Sulphate 

Iji Aluminis gr. 15 

Zinci Sulphatis ... gr. 15 

,, Alum and Zinc Compound, 

Strong 

E Aluminis 

Zinci Sulphatis 

,, Argyrol, tubes of 12 

,, ,, tubes of 6 

,, .Vtropine Sulphate, tubes of 6 gr. 0-545 

,, Atropine and Cocaine, tubes 

of 6 

5: Atropinse Sulphatis gr. 0-272 
CocainseHydrochloridigr. i-og 

,, Black Mercurial Lotion 

One in one fluid ounce of distilled 
water yields a .solution corre- 
sponding to Lotio Hydrargj-ri 
Nigra, P.P.. 

,, Boric Acid (sc-en/c":l wi7/i Otlo 

of Rose) 
., Boric Acid ( unsccnlcd) 



gr. 6 

gr- 15 
I gm. 



Boric Acid and Zinc Sulphate 
(scented with Otto of Rose) 

IJ Acidi Borici gr. 6 

Zinci Sulphatis ... gr. 1/2 . 



Issued in 



bots. of 



25 



25 



25 
25 
25 



bots. of 



100 



.SO 



' Soloid ' Brand Products are also issued in Iwttlcs of 500, 
■with the exception of those put up in tubes 



136 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



' Soloid ' Brand Products—con/inKed 


Ls.sued in 






bots. of 


bots. of 


'SOLOID' BRAND— 


STRENGTH 






,, Carbolic Acid (Phenol), 








tubes of 25 


gr- 5 


— 


— 


>' s) > ? )) 12 


gr. 20 


— 


— 


>> J! 5) n 


gr. 60 


— 


— 


.. .. ,, ,, 10 


I gm. 


— 


— 


,, Cocaine Hydrochloride, tubes 








of 25 


gr. 1/2 


— 


100 


,, Cocaine Hydrochloride 


gr. I 


25 


100 


>) >) ), 


gr. 5 


25 


— 


)> )! )) 


0-05 gm. 


25 


100 


5 1 » 1 ,1 


0-25 gm. 


25 


— 


,, Cocaine and Eucaine, of each 


gr. 1/2 


25 


— 


t, ,, ,, ,, No. 2, 








of each 


0-025 gill- 


25 


— 


,, Copper Sulphate 


gr. I 


— 


100 


,, Corrosive Sublimate (Hydrarg. 








I'erchlor. ) (Ophthalinu), 








tubes of 25 [sec also pao-e 125) 


gr. i/iooo 


— 


— 


, , Corrosive Sublimate (Hydrarg. 








Perchlor. ) ... 


gr- 1-75 


— 


100 


,, Corrosive Sublimate (Hydrarg. 








Perchlor.) ... 


gr- 8-75 


25 


100 


,, Corrosive Sublimate (Hydrarg. 








Perchlor.) 


gr- 17-5 


25 


100 


,, Corrosive Sublimate (Hydrarg. 








Perchlor.) ... 


0-5 gm. 


25 


100 


,, Corrosive Sublimate (Hydrarg. 








Perchlor.), tubes of 10 


I gm. 


25 


100 


,, Eucaine Hydrochloride 


gr. I 


25 


— 


>i >i )) 


gr- 5 


25 


— 


) ! 11 I) 


0-05 gm. 


25 


— 


1 ) •>■) 11 


0-25 gm. 


25 


— 


,, Eucaine Lactate 


gr. I 


25 


— 


, , ,, ,, 


gr- 5 


25 


— 


,, Ferric Chloride 


gr. 10 


— 


100 


, , ' H emisine ' { Trade Mark), 








tubes of 6 


0-00I2 gm. 


— 


— 


11 11 11 11 11 


0-005 g'ri- 


— 


— 


' Soloid ' Brand Products are also issued in bat 


ties of _ 


;oo, 



•with the exception of those put up in tubes 



ISSUED BY B. 



AND CO. 



137 



' Soloid ' Brand Products— <rt»ti/nued 
SOLOID' BRAND— STRENGTH 

,, • Hemisine" and Cocaine, 

tubes of 12 

5; 'Hemisine' gr. 1/200 

Cocainae Hydrochloridi 

gr. 1/8 

,, 'Hemisine' Compound with 
Eucaine, No. i, tubes of 6 

5; 'Hemisine' o-ooi gm. 

Sodii Chloridi 0-9 gm. 

Eucainae Lactatis ... 0-2 gm. 

„ 'Hemisine' Compound with 

Eucaine, No. 2, tubes of 12 

{One-tentli the strength of No. i) 

,, 'Hemisine' with Atropine 
Sulphate (for intravenous 
injection), tubes of 12 
5; 'Hemisine' ... _ ... 0-0002 gm. 
Atropine Sulphatis ... o-ooi gm. 

,, Homatropine and Cocaine, 
tubes of 6 ... 
E Homatropinae Hydro- 

bromidi ... ... gr. 0-545 

Cocainae Hydro- 
chloridi gr. 1-09 

,, Homatropine Hydrobromide, 

tubes of 6 gr- 0-545 

,, Homatropine Methylbromide 

and Cocaine, tubes of 6 ... 

R Homatropinae Methyl- 

bromidi gr. 0-545 

Cocaina; Hydro- 
chloridi ... 

,, Lead and Opium 
R Plumbi .^cetatis 
Tinct. Opii 

., Lead Subacetate gr- 10 

One in 5 07.. of distilled water 
yields a solution containing 
about the same ([uantity of lead 
subacetate as an equal volume 
of the official Liciuor Plumbi 
Subacetatis Dilutus. 

„ L. G. B 

One dissolved in a pint of water 
forms the Solution of Corrosive 
Sublimate, i in 1000, advised 
by the Local Government 
Board Memorandum, 1892. 



Issued in 
bots. of bots. of 



gr. I -09 



gr. 2 
min. 20 



25 



25 



100 



' Soloid' Bi-and Products are also issued in hollies of 500, 
■witli the exception of tliose put up in tubes 



138 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



' Soloid ' Brand Products— caniinued 
'SOLOID' BRAND — STRENGTH 

,, IVJercurlc Potassium Iodide 
{formerly known as lodic- 
Hydrarg. ), tubes of 25 ... gr. 1-75 

One in 4 ounces of water = i in 
1000 solution (frequently known 
as Mercury Biniodide Solution) 

,, Mercuric Potassium Iodide ... gr. 4-37 
One in 10 ounces of water 
= I in 1000 solution 

,, -Mercuric Potassium Iodide ... 

One in a pint of water = i in 
1000 solution 

,, Mercuric Potassium Iodide ... 0-5 gm. 

One in 500 c.c. of water = i in 
1000 solution 

,, Mercury Oxycyanide... ... o-i gm. 



>) 



'Sf, Boracis 

Sodii Chloridi 



Mucin and Menthol Com- 
pound 

U Mucini gr. 4-1/2 

Sodii Bicarbonatis gr. 4-1/2 
Menthol ... ... gr. 1/20 

Nasal, Alkaline Compound ... 

• gr. 5 
■ gr- 5 

Nasal, Antiseptic and Alka- 
line Compound 

5; Sodii Bicarbonatis gr. 5 
Acidi Carbolici ... gr. 1/2 
Boracis ... ... gr. 5 

Nasal, ' Eucalyptia ' Com- 
pound 

5; Sodii Bicarbonatis gr. 8 

Boracis gr. 8 

Sodii Benzoatis ... gr. 1/3 

Sodii Salicylatis ... gr. 1/3 

Eucalyptol ... min. 1/6 

Thymol gr. 1/6 

Menthol ... ... gr. 1/12 

01. Gaultheriae ... min. 1/12 

Nasal, Phenol Compound ... 

]J Sodii Bicarbonatis gr. 12 
Acidi Carbolici ... gr. 1-1/2 
Sodii Chloridi ... gr. 2 



0-25 gm 
0-5 gm. 



Issued in 



hots, of 



25 



gr- 8-75 I 25 



25 

25 
25 
25 

25 



25 



' Soloid ' Brand Prodtuts are also issued in bottles of 500, 
with the exception of those put up in tubes 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



139 



' Soloid ' Brand Products— coniinuerf 


Issued in 






bots. of 


bots. of 


' SOLOID ' BRAND STRENGTH 






,, Nasal, Sodium Bicarbonate 








Compound ... 




— 


100 


5 Sodii Bicarbonatis gr. s 








Boracis ... ... gr. 5 


• 






Sodii Chloridi ... gr. 5 








,, Nasal, Sodium Bicarbonate 








Compound, Saccharated ... 




— 


ICXD 


IJ Sodii Bicarbonatis gr. 5 








Boracis gr. 5 








Sodii Chloridi ... gr. 5 








Sacchari Albi ... gr. 5 








,, Naso-Pharyngeal Compound 




25 


100 


IJ Sodii Chloridi ... gr. 7 








Boracis ... ... gr. 2-1/2 








Acidi Borici ... gr. 3/4 








Sodii Benzoatis ... gr. 1/2 








Menthol ... ... gr. 1/50 








Thymol gr. i/ioo 








CocainsE Hydrochloridi 








gr. 1/6 








01. Gaultheriae ... niin. 1/20 








, , ' Nizin ' ( Trtu/e Mark) 


gr. 2 


— 


100 


,, , , , , 


gr. 20 


25 


— 


,, ,, ,, 


0-15 gm. 


-— 


100 


, , ) ) _ J ) • ■ • . ■ • • 


I gm. 


25 





A zinc salt of sulphanilic acid 








,, Paraform 


gr. 5 





100 


,, Phenol {see Carbolic Acid) 








,, Potassium Permanganate 


gr. I 





100 


!? »> ?5 


gr- 5 


25 


100 


M )1 )) 


0-5 gm. 


25 


100 


,, Potassium Permanganate and 








Alum 




— 


TOO 


IJ; Potassii 








Permanganatis gr. 3 








Aluminis ... ... gr. 5 








,, Protargol 


gr. I 


— 


TOO 


, , ,, 


gr- 4 


25 


100 


,, Saline Compound, tubes of 12 




— 





lii Calcii Chloridi ... gr. 7/10 








Potassii Chloridi ... gr. 7/10 








Sodii Chloridi ... gr. 31-1/2 








Sodii Bicarbonatis... gr. 7/20 








De.vtrosi ... ... gr. 3-1/2 








Two in 16 fluid ounces of boiled 








(sterile) water for intravenous 








injection at 100° F. (37-8° C.) 









' Soloid ' Brand Products are also issued in bottles of 500, 
with the exception of those put up in tid>es 



140 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



'Soloid' Brand Products — continued 
'SOLOID' BRAND — STRENGTH 

, , Saline Compound, No. 2, tubes 
of 12 



0-05 gm. 
0-05 gm. 
•2-25 gm. 
0-025 gm- 
0-25 gm. 



gr- 


I 


gr- 


5 


gr- 


44 



gr- 



IJ Calcii Chloridi 
Potassii Chloridi . 
vSodii Chloridi 
Sodii Bicarbon.itis. 
Dextrosi 
One in 250 c.c. of boiled (sterile) 

water for intravenous injection 

at 40° C. 

Silver Nitrate 



Sodium Bicarbonate ... 

0:ie in 5 ounces of water = 2 per 
cent, solution. 

Sodium Carbonate ... 

One in 6 drachms of water = 
I per cent, solution. 

Sodium Chloride, tubes of 12 gr. 40 

Two dissolved in a pint of boiled 
(sterile) water, for intravenous 
injection at 100° F. (37-S^ C), 
give a solution containing 0-9 
per cent, of sodium chloride. 

Sodium Chloride, tubes of 6 gr. 80 

One in a pint of boiled (sterile) 
water, for intravenous injection 
at 100° F. (37-S° C.) 

Sodium Chloride, tubes of 12 0-23 gi 

One in 25 c.c. of boiled (sterile) 
water, forms a norm.al (o-g per 
cent.) saline solution for dilut- 
ing ' Hemisine ' solution, or for 
intravenous injection. 

Zinc Chloride ... 

Zinc Permanganate ... 

Zinc Sulphate ... 



Zinc Sulphocarbolate 



gr- 


5 


S'"- 


i/S 


gr- 


I 


gr- 


10 


gr- 


2 


gr- 


10 


0-5 


gm. 



Issued in 

bots. of bots. of 



25 

25 



100 



100 
100 
100 
100 
100 



25 



Also a ivide range of other products is sited under the 
' Soloid ' Brand 



' Soloid ' Brand Products are also isstied in bottles of 500, 
with the exception of those put up in lubes 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



141 



'SOLOID' BRAND PRODUCTS FOR 
TESTING PURPOSES, etc. 



For Urine Anajysis 

'SOLOID' BRAND — STRENGTH 

,, Citric Acid ... ... ... ... gr. i 

,, Fehling's Test, for preparing- Fehling's 

Solution, cartons of 24 
,, Indigo Test for Sugar (Sodium Nitro- 

phenyl-propiolate) 
,, Picric Acid 
,, Potassium Ferrocyanide 
,, Salicyl-sulphonic Acid ... 



Is.sued in 
tubes of 

20 



gr- 1/4 


20 


gr. I 


20 


gr. I 


20 


gr. 2 


16 



For Water Analysis 

' SOLOID ' BRAND— 

,, Ammonium Chloride... 

,, Lead Acetate ... 

,, Meta-phenylenediamine Sulphate ... 

,, Oxalic Acid ... 

,, Potassium Chromate... 

,, Potassium Ferrocyanide 

,, Potas.sium Nitrate 

,, Potassium Permanganate 

,, Silver Nitrate... 

,, Soap 

,, Sodium Acid Sulphate 

,, Zinc Dust 

,, Zinc Sulphide 

In packages of 1^ 



STRENGTH 

o-oooi6 gm. 
0-0184 gl^l- 
o-oi gm. 
o-i gm. 

0-0065 g'T^- 

0-013 gm- 
0-00144 g"l- 
0-00395 gm. 
0-0097 g'''!- 

0-324 gm. 
0-13 gm. 
0-25 gm. 



,, Nes.sler's Solution, in hermetically-sealed glass capsules. 
Boxes of 30 capsules, each containing ... 0-5 c.c. 
,, 24 ,, ,, ... 2 c.c. 



142 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



Soloid' Brand Products for Testing Purposes, etc. — continued 



For Sewage 

SOLOID' BRAND — 

,, Oxalic Acid ... 

,, Potassium PermanL;anate 

,, Pyrogallic Acid 

,, Sodium Hydroxide ... 



Analysis 



STRENGTH 
0-0079 glT^- 

0-00395 gm. 
0-032 gra. 
0-13 gm. 



Ill packages 0/2^ 



Test Indicators 

SOLOID' KKAND — STRENGTH 

*Indigo-Carmine 
*Lacmoid 
*Methvl-Orange 
*Phenolphthalein 
*Rosolic Acid 
Starch ... ... ... ... ... 0-5 gm. 

^ One dissolved in 10 c.c. of solvent forms the Test Indicator. 
In tubes of 10 

Microscopic Stains 

SOLOID' BRAND— STRENGTH 

Bismarck Brown, pure ... ... ... O-I gm. 

Borax Methylene Blue 

Ehrlich Triple Stain 

Eosin, pure ... ... ... ... ... o-i gm. 

Eosin-Azur (for Giemsa staining with one 

solution) ... ... ... 0-038 gm. 

Eosin- Methylene Blue (Louis Tenner's Stain) 0-05 gm. 

Fuchsine (Ba.sic), pure ... ... ... o-i gm. 

Gentian Violet, pure ... ... ... O-i gm. 

Gram's Iodine Solution ... ... ... 15 c.c. 

Hsematoxylin (Delafield) 

Haematoxylin, pure ... ... ... ... o-i gm. 

Methylene Blue, pure ... ... ... o-igm. 

Methyl Violet, pure ... ... ... o-i gm. 

Romanowsky Stain (Leishman's Powder) ... 0-015 S"''- 

Romanowsky Stain (Wright's Modification) 0-05 gm. 

Sodium Carbonate ... ... ... ... 0-05 gm. 

Thionin Blue, pure ... ... ... ... o-i gm. 

Toison Blood Fluid 

In tubes of 6 
Methyl Alcohol (pure), for use in microscopic staining ; i 
hermetically-sealed glass phials, each containing 15 c.c. 

A /so a -wide range of other products issued under the 
' Soloid ' Brand 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 143 



Strophanthus Tincture (B. W. & Co.) 

(Physiologically standardised in the IVcllcomc Physio- 
logical Research Laboratories. ) 

Prepared in accordance with the United States 
Pharmacopoeia (Eighth Revision), from carefully selected 
strophanthus seeds. 

Strophanthus Tincture (B. W. & Co.) 

(Physiologically standardised in the IVellcoine Physio- 
logical Research Laboratories.) 

Prepared in accordance with the British Pharma- 
copoeia, 1898, from carefully selected strophanthus seeds. 

Strophanthus, 'Tabloid' Brand {see page 175) 

Suppositories [see ' Enule ' Rectal Suppositories, pages 
III, 112; and ' Hazeline ' Suppositories, page 113) 

Surgical Dressings, Pleated Compressed, ' Tabloid ' 
Brand {see pages 107-110) 

Syringes, Hypodermic and Serum {see page 114) 



BRAND PRODUCTS 

The word 'TABLOID' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. To ensure the supply of 
these pure and reliable preparations, this brand should always be 
specified when ordering. 

' Tabloid ' Brand Products are also issued in bottles of 500, with 
the exception of those put up in tubes. 

Under the ' Tabloid ' Brand is issued an immense variety of 
drugs and their combinations, all prepared from the purest 
ingredients, and divided into accurate doses with due regard to 
their therapeutic uses. They require no weighing or measuring, 
accurate doses can be immediately administered, and 
they keep unchanged in any cHmate. Owing to their ^^^^l ^ 
extreme portability, supplies may be comfortably 
carried in the waistcoat pocket, and doses taken regularly whilst 
follcjwing the usual rf)uUne of social, professional, or commercial 
life. ' Tabloid ' Brand products of unpleasant drugs are coated 
with a thin film of wliite sugar, rcaiiily solulile in the stomach, 



144 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products — contitmed 

while those intended to act after leaving the stomach are 
coated with keratin, soluble only in the alkaline secretions 
of the intestines. 



'TABLOID' BRAND— DOSE 

,, Acetanilide (sec Antifebrin^ 

,, Aconite Tincture, min. 1/4 and 

min. I I frequently 
,, ,, ,, min. 5 I to 3 

Each represents Tincture of 
Aconite, min. 1/4, min. i and 
min. 5 respectively. 

,, Aloes and Iron (B.P. Pill), gr. 4 i to 2 

Each contains approximately : — 
Dried Iron .Sulphate, gr. 1/2 ; 
Barbados Aloes, gr. i ; Com- 
pound Powder of Cinnamon, 
gr. 1-1/2 

„ Aloes and Myrrh (B.P. Pill), 

gr. 4 I to 2 

Each contains approximately : — 
Socotrine Aloes, gr. 2, and 
Myrrh, gr. i 



)> 


Aloin, gr. i/io 


I frequentl) 


55 
55 


55 gr- 1/2 

Aloin Compound 


I to 4 

I to 2 after 




IJ Aloini gr. 1/5 

Strychninae Sulpha- 
tis ... ... ... gr. 1/60 

Ext. Belladonnas ... gr. 1/8 
Pulv. Ipecacuanhas gr. 1/16 


meals, or 
I to 3 at 
bed-time 


55 


Ammoniated Quinine 

Each contains quinine sulphate 
and ammonium bicarbonate to 
correspond with one fluid 
drachm of the tincture. 


I 


55 


Ammonium Bromide, gr. 5 ... 


I to 6 


55 


55 gr- 10 


I to 3 


55 


0-5 gm. 


I or more 




,5 I gm. 


I to 2 



,, Ammonium Carbonate, gr. 3 I to 3 
55 ,5 55 0-25 gm. I or more 



■Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 



^^ oya/zci-t!^ 



Issued in 

bots. of 



oval 
bots. of 



100 



100 
25 
50 



25 



25 
25 



ISSUED BY B. 



145 



'Tabloid' Brand Products— c''«i'/««^"' 


Issued in 






oval 


bots. of 


'TABLOID' IRANI.— 


DOSE 


bots. of 




,, Ammunium Chloride, gr. 3... 


I to 6 


25 


100 


gr- 5--- 


I to. 4 


— 


100 


gr- 10 


I to 2 


— 


TOO 


„ 0-25 gm. 


I to 6 


25 


100 


„ .0-5 gm. 


I to 3 


25 


100 


,, Ammonium Chloride and 








Borax 


I as required 


— 


100 


,, Ammonium Chloride and 








Liquorice ... 


I as required 


25 


100 


U Ammonii Chloridi... gr. 3 








Ext. Glycyrrhizae ... gr. 2 








,, Ammonium Chloride Com- 








pound 


I as required 


25 


100 


IJ Ammonii Chloridi gr. i 








Fotassii Chloratis... gr. 2 








Pulv. Cubehae ... gr. 1/4 








Ext. Glycyrrhiza; ... gr. i 








,, Ammonium Hippurate, gr. i 


I or more 


— 


100 


,, Antifebirin (Acetanilide), gr. 2 


I to 2 


25 


ZOO 


gi-- 5 


I (in special 








cases) 


25 


100 


,, o-i gm. 


I 


25 


— 


„ 0-25 gm. 


I . 


25 


100 


,, Antifebrin Compound 


I 


— 


100 


IJ Antifebrini (Acet- 








anilidi, P.B.) .. gr. 2 








Camphorae Moiio- 








bromatae ... ... gr. i 








CaffeineE Citrati.s ... gr. i 








,, .\niimony, Tartrated, gr. 1/50 


I to 3 


100 


— 


,, .\ntipyrine (Phenazone), 








gr. 2-1/2 


I to 4 or more 


25 


100 


1) )> I) gf- 5 


I to 4 


25 


100 


,, 0-25 gm. 


I to 4 


25 


100 


,, 0-5 gm. 


I to 2 


25 


100 


,, Antipyrine Compound 


I to 4 


25 


100 


IJ Aiitipyrini 








(I'lienazoni) ... gr. 3 








CafVeinaE ... ... gr. i 








,, 'Aor('^'''M'«.''^«'-'i/',aderivalive 








n{ Sanfaliun albuin, 0-3 gm., 








(Capsule), boxe.s of 50 


2 or more 







Write the 
Brand in 
lull, thus: 




■<J 



146 



FORMULARY OF FINE PliODUCTS 



'Tabloid' Brand Products — continued 




Issued in 


'TABLOID' BRAND 


DCSE 




oval 
hots, of 


hots, of 


,, Apomorphine Compound 


I as required 


25 


100 


IJ ApomorphiiiEe 










Hydrochloridi gr. 1/50 










Ammonii Chloridi gr. 3 










Ext. Glycyrrhiz^ gr. 1-1/2 










,, Apomorphine Hydrochloride, 










gr- 1/50 


I to 3 (expec- 


50 


— 




tor 


ant) 






,, Apomorphine Hydrochloride, 










0-0025 g'li- ••• 


I ( expec 




25 


— 




toraiit ) 


' ■ 




,, Apomorphine Hydrochloride, 










and Morphine Hydro- 










chloride, of each 0-0025 g^"- 


I to 4 




25 


— 


,, Aromatic Chalk Powder with 










Opium, B.P., gr. 5 


2 to 4 or more 


25 


100 


Each contains appro.ximately : — 










Chalk, gr. i ; Opium, gr. 1/8, 










with aromatics. 










,, Arsenical Compound... 


I to 2 




— 


100 


IJ Acidi Ar.seniosi ... gr. i/ioo 










Ferri Sulphatis 










Exsiccati gr. i 










Calcii .Sulphidi ... gr. 1/4 










Ext. Gentianas ... gr. 2 










,, Arsenious Acid, gr. i/ioo ... 


I to 6 




100 


— 


„ gr. 1/50 ... 


I to 3 




100 


— 


,, gr. 1/20 ... 


I 




100 


— 


,, ,, ,, o-ooi gm. ... 


I to 3 




100 


— 


,, 0-0025 g'"- 


I to 2 




100 


— 


,, 0-005 gm. 


I 




100 


— 


,, A.safetida and Opium Com- 










pound 


I to 2 




— 


100 


IJ Asafetidas 










CamphorcE 










Pulv. Opii 










Pulv. Piperis Nigri aa gr. i 










,, A.safetida Compound Pill 










{sec Galbanum) 










,, 'Aspirin,' gr. 5 


I to 5 




25 


100 


o-5gm 


I to 3 




25 


100 


,, Atropine Sulphate, 










0-0005 gm. 


I 




25 


— 



Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus : 



iff iJc^/^^^'^f^ — 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



147 



'Tabloid' Brand Products— confinuec/ 
'TABLOID' BRAND^ 

,, Belladonna Tincture, B. p., 

min. I I 

miri. 5 i 

,, Benzoic Acid, gr. 5 ... ••■ i 

., Benzoic Acid Compound ... i 

IJ; Acidi Benzoic! ... gr. 1/2 

Codeinai gr. i/io 

Menthol ... ... gr. i/io 

Pulv. Ipecacuanhse gr. i/io 
01. Menlhae Piperitae min. 1/16 
Gummi Rubri ... '/-s. 



Benzo-Naphthol, gr. 5 

Beta-Naphthol,. gr. 3 

0-25 gm. ... 

Beta-Naphthol Compound ... 
IJ Beta-Naphthol ... gr. 1 

Carbonis Ligni ... gr. 4 

01. iMenthae 

Piperitae ... min. 1/2 

Bismuth and Dover Powder 

IJ Bismuthi 

Subnitratis ... gr. 2-1/2 
Pulv. Ipecac. 6 

Opio ... gr. 2-1/2 

Bi.smuth and Soda 

IJ Bismuthi 

.Subnitratis... gr. 2-1/2 
Sodii Bicarbonatis gr. 2-1/2 

Bi.smuth and Soda, No. 2 ... 
]J Bismuthi Subnitratis 0.25 gm. 
Sodii Bicarbonatis 0.25 gm. 

Bismuth Carbonate, gr. 5 ... 

0-5 gm. 

Bismuth, Rhubarb and Soda... 

IJ; Bismuthi 

•Subnitratis ... gr. 3 

Pulv. Rhei... ... gr. i 

Sodii Bicarbonati.s gr. 2 

Bismuth Salicylate {physio- 
logically pure), gr. 5 



DOSE bots. of 

frequently 



Issued in 
oval I bots. of 



to 3 
to 3 
as required 



to 2 

to 3 
to 2 
to 4 



I to b 



I to 4 or more 



1 to 4 or more 



to 4 

to 3 
to 4 



1 to 4 



Write the 
Brand in 
lull, thus: 




100 

48 

25 



25 
25 
25 






100 
100 
100 



100 
100 
100 
100 



100 
100 

ICXD 

100 
100 
100 



100 



148 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



"Tabloid' Brand Products- cofif/nucti 


Issued in 


TABLOID' BRAND— 


DO.SE 


oval 
bots. of 


bots. of 


?) 


Bismuth Salicylate {physio- 










loi^it'ally pure), 0-3 gm. ... 


I to 4 


25 


100 


) y 


Bismuth Salicylate {physio- 










logically pure), 0-5 gm. ... 


I to 3 


- 


100 


J» 


Bismuth Subgallate, gr. 5 ... 


I tu 4 


25 


100 


! 1 


Bismuth Subnitrate, gr. 5 ... 


I to 4 


25 


100 


}> 


gr. 10 ... 


I to 2 


— 


100 


?• 


o-3gm. 


I to 4 


25 


100 


)) 


,, .. o-5gm. 


I or more 


25 


100 


) » 


Blaud(Pil. Ferrugin.), gr. 5 ... 


I to 3 


— 


100 


1 ) 


gr. 10 ... 


I to 2 


— 


100 


,, 


0-25 gm. 


I or morb 


— 


100 


» » 


Blaud Pill and .\loin 

T^ Pil. Ferrugin. 

(Blaud) ... gr. 5 
(= 20 % Ferri Carbonatis) 

Aloini gr. 1/20 


I to 4 




100 


J» 


Blaud Pill and Aloin, No. 2 

IJ Pil. Ferrugin. 

(Blaud)... 0-25 gm. 
(= 20 °o Ferri Carbonatis) 
Aloini ,., .. 0005 gm. 


I to 4 




100 


J » 


Blaud Pill and Arsenic 


I to 4 


— 


100 




B; Pil. Ferrugin. 

(Blaud) ... gr. 5 
(= 20 % (•'erri Carbonatis) 
Acidi Arseniosi ... gr. 1/64 








J' 


Blaud Pill and Ar.senic, No. 2 

IJ Pil. Ferrugin. 

(Bland) ... 0-25 gm. 
(=20 % Ferri Carbonatis) 
Acidi Arseniosi ... o-ooi gm. 


I to 4 




100 


1 J 


Blaud Pill and Cascara 


I increased 


; 


100 




IJ Pil. Ferrugin. 

(Blaud)... gr. 5 
(=20 % Ferri Carbonatis) 
Ext. Cascarae 

Sagradse ... gr. 1/2 


to 4 






) ' 


Blaud Pill and Cascara, No. 2 


I to 4 





100 




5 Pil. Ferrugin. 

(Blaud)... 0-25 gm. 
(= 20 % Ferri Carbonatis) 
Ext. Cascaras 

SagradsE ... 0-025 gm. 









s° Ji^ U cov'Lo-uL — — — 



Write the 
Brand 
full, thus 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



149 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products — continued 

TABLOID' BRAND— DOSE 

,, lilaud I'ill Compound ... i 

IJ Pil. Ferrugin. 

(Blaud)... gr. lo 
(=20 % Ferri Carbonatis) 

Pulv. Capsici ... gr. 1/4 

Aloini ... ... gr. 1/30 

Strychninse ... ... gr. 1/30 

Acidi .\rseniosi ... gr. 1/30 

,, Blaud Pill Compound, No. 2 i 
IJ; Pil. Ferrugin. 

(Blaud)... 0-5 gm. 
(= 20 % Ferri Carbonatis) 
Pulv. Capsici ... 0015 gm. 

Aloini ... ... Q-002 gm. 

Strychnina; ... ... o-o<-i2 gm. 

Acidi Arseniosi ... 0-002 gm. 

,, Blaud Pill with Arsenic and 

Strychnine ... ... ... i to 4 

K Pil. Ferrugin. 

(Blaud)... gr. 5 
(= 20 % Ferri Carbonatis) 
Acidi Arseniosi ... gr. i/ioo 
Strychnince ... ... gr. i/ioo 

,, Blaud Pill with Arsenic and 

Strychnine, No. 2 ... i to 4 

IJ. Pil. Ferrugin. 

(Blaud)... 0-25 gm. 
(= 20 % Ferri Carbonatis) 
Acidi Arseniosi ... 00005 gm. 
Strychnina;... ... 0-0005 gm. 

,, Blue Pill, gr. 4 i to 2 

Each contains gr. 1-1/3 of pure 
Metallic Mercury. 

,, Blue Pill and Rhul)arh Com- 
pound ... ... ... I to 2 

IJ Pil. Hydrargyri, I'.B. gr. 2-1/2 
Pil. RheiComp., P.B. gr. 2-1/2 

,, Blue Pill, Colocynth and 

Ilvo.scyamus ... ... i to 2 

U Pil. HydrargjTi, P.B. gr. 2 
Pil. Colocynthidis et 

Hyoscyami, [■■. B. gr. 4 

,, Blue Pill, S(|uill and Digilali.s i to 2 
I^ Pil. Hydrargyri, F'.B. gr. i 
Pulv. Scill.-e ... gr. 1-1/2 

Pulv. Digitalis ... gr. i 

,, Bone Medulla, gr. 5, (Cap.sule). 

Ijoxes of 50 ... ... ... I nr more 



Issued in 

bots. of 



oval 
bots. of 



100 



100 



100 



100 



100 



100 



100 



100 



Write the 
Brand in 
lull, thus: 



/ ^o-'^^x-^^ 



150 



FORMULARY OK FINE PRODUCTS 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products— c^fifinui 


,/ 


Lssuf 


d in 






oval 


bots. of 


'TABLOID' BRAND- 


nosE 


bots. ol 




,, Borax , gr. 5 


I to 4 or more 


25 


100 


,, Boric Acid, gr. 5 


I to 3 


• — ■ 


100 


,, Bromides Compound [see 








Sodium Bromide Compound) 








,, Butyl-Clilnral Hydrate and 








Gelsemine ... 


I 


— 


100 


^ Butyl-Chloral 








Hydratis... gr. 3 








Gelseminse 








Hydiochloridi ... gr. 1/200 








,, Cachet.s 








,, Antipyrine, gr. 5, 








boxes of 6 


I to 4 


— 


— 


,, ,, Phenacetin, gr. 5 








boxes of 6 


I to 2 




— 


,, ,, Quinine Sulphate, 








gr. 5, boxes of 6 


I to 2 





— 


Sulphonal, gr. 5 








boxes of 6 


I to 6 


— 


— 


,, Caffeine Citrate, gr. 2 


I or more 


— 


100 


o-oi gm. ... 


I or more 


25 


— 


,, o-i gm. ... 


I or more 


— 


100 


,, Caffeine Citrate Effervescent, 








B.P., gr. 60, tubes of 25 ... 


I to 2 


— 


— 


,, Caffeine Compound ... 


I to 4 


25 


100 


IJ Cafifeinas ... ... .gr. i 








Antipyrini 








(Phenazoni, P.P..) gr. 3 








,, Caffeine Compound, No. 2 ... 


I to 3 


25 


100 


]J Caffeina; 0-05 gm. 








Antipyrini 








(Phenazoni, P. P..) 0-25 gm. 








,, Calcium Carbonate Compound 


I to 4 before 


25 


100 


E Calcii Carb. Prfficip. ,gr. 3-1/2 


meals, or i 






Mag. Carb. Pond. gr. 2-1/2 
Bismuthi Carbonati.s gr. 2 


occasionally 






,, Calcium Iodo-ricinoleate,gr. 3, 








(Capsule), boxes of 50 


I to 3 


— 


— 


,, Calcium Lactate, gr. 5 


I to 3 


25 


100 


,, Calcium Sulphide, gr. 1/ 10 ... 


I to 10 


100 


— 


g'-- 1/4 ••• 


I to 4 


— 


100 


gr. 1/2 ... 


I to 2 


— 


100 


g'-- I 


I 


— 


100 



Write the 
Brand in 

iull, thus : 



CVij,:. 



^ 



i^^nj 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



151 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products— continued 


Issued in 


'TABLOID' BRAND— 


I)O.SE 


oval 
bots. of 


bots. of 


,, Calomel, gr. i/io, gr. i/6, 




• 




gr. 1/4 and gr. 1/2 


I 


100 


— 


gr- I 


r to 5 


— 


100 


gr- 2 


I to 3 


— 


100 


gr- 3 


I to 2 


— 


100 


gr- 5 


I 


— 


TOO 


0-005 gm 


I or more 


100 


— 


,, ,, o-oi gm. 


I or more 


100 


— 


o-i gm. 


I to 3 


100 


~ 


,, Calomel and Creosote 


I to 5 


— 


100 


IJ Hydrargyri 

Subchloridi gr. 1/6 








Creosoti min. i 








,, Calomel and Jalap 


I to 4 


— 


100 


IJ Hydrargyri 

.Subchloridi gr. i 








Pulv. Jalaps ... gr. 2 








,, Calomel and Piperine, of each 








gr- 1/2 


I repeated 


— 


100 


,, Calomel, gr. 1/2, and Sodium 








Bicarbonate, gr. 2-1/2 


I or more 


25 


100 


,, Calomel, gr. I, and Sodium 








Bicarbonate, gr. 5 ... 


I or more . 


25 


100 


,, Calomel Compound {Plittinner 








Z'///, B.P.), gr. 4 


I to 2 


25 


100 


IJ; Hydrargyri 

Subchloridi gr. i 








Antimonii Sulphurati gr. i 








Guaiaci Re.sius ... gr. 2 








,, Camphor, Compound Tincture, 








(Paregoric), min. 2 


I frequenth' 


100 


— 


,, ,, ,, min- .S 


I frequently 


4S 


100 


,, M ,, min. 15 


I to 4 


36 


100 


,, Cannabis Indica Tincuirc, 








B.P., min. 5 


I to 3 


48 


IOC 


,, Cannabis Indica Tincture 








(i in 10), o-i gni. ... 




48 


100 


,, Cap.sicum, Tincture, min. i... 


I frequenth' 


100 


— 


niin. 5 


I to 3 or more 


— 


100 



•Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 




152 



FORMULARY OF FI>JE PRODUCTS 



'Tabloid' Brand Products— confinuf^i 




Issued in 


'TABLOID' BRAND — 




DOSE 


oval 
bots. of 


rjots. 01 


,, Capsules — 










(.SVf ' Ao\,' /a^e 145 ; Bone Medulla, 










/a^e 149 ; Calcium lodo-ricino- 










leate, /«.^'t' 150; Carbolic Acid, 










/'eioztj ", Castor Oil, ^a^e 153 ; 










Juniper Oil, />a.^f 162 ; Phenol 










and Menthol Compound, />a^e 










168 ; Sandal Wood Oil, Mg^ i73 ; 










Terebene, />a!,v 176 ; Turpentine 










Oil, Rectified, /«^^ 178.) 










,, Carbolic Acid (Phenol), gr. 1/4 










{for the throat) 


I 


as required 


25 


100 


,, Carbolic Acid (Phenol), gr. 1/2 










{for the throat) 


I 


as required 


25 


100 


,, Carbolic Acid (Phenol), gr. i, 










(Capsule), boxesof24 


I 


to 3 


— 


— 


,, Carbolic Acid, gr. 1/2, with 










Slippery Elm, bottles of 25 . . . 


I occasionally 


— 


100 


,, Carlsbad Salt. Effervescent, 


I 


or more as 






Artificial, tubes of 25 




desired 


— 


— 


,, CascaraSagrada(Dry Extract), 










gr. I 


I 


or more 


25 


100 


>) >) !) ') &• 2 


I 


to 4 


25 


100 


)) )> '> " S""' 3 


I 


to 3 


25 


100 


)) )) )> >) g"^- 4 


I 


to 2 


25 


100 


)j 11 )> >' S*^- 5 


I 


as required 


25 


100 


., ,, ,, ,, o-i5gm. 


I 


to 4 


25 


100 


• .o-25gm- 


I 


to 2 


25 


100 


, , Cascara Compound 


I 


to 4 


25 


100 


5; Ext. Cascaras 










Sagradae gr. i 










Ext. Euonymi Sicci gr. 1/2 










Iridini gr. 1/2 










Ext. Nucis Vomicae gr. 1/16 










Ext. Hyoscyami ... gr. 1/3 










,, Cascara and Gentian 










Compound 


I 


to 3 


25 


100 


U Ext. Cascarae 










Sagradae gr. 2 










Ext. Nucis Vomicae gr. 1/5 










fZxt. Belladonnae ... gr. i/io 










Ext. Gentiana; ... gr. i 










Capsicini gr. i/io 











Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 



{Jo/^^AxapC 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



153 



'Tabloid' Brand Products-^coniimted 

'TABLOID' BRAND— 

,, Castor Oil, min. 5, (Capsule), 

boxes of 50 
,, Cathartic Compound... 

IJ E.xt. Colocynthidis 

Comp. gr. 1-1/3 
Hydrargyri 

Subchloridi gr. i 

Ext. Jalapae ... gr. i 

Pulv. Cambogia; ... gr. 1/4 

,, Cerebrin, gr. 5 

., Cerium O.Kalate, gr. 5 

,, Chalk, Aromatic Powder willi 
Opium (see Aromatic Chalk 
Powder with Opium, B.P. ) 

,, Charcoal (Pure Willow), gr. 5, 
bottles of 40 

,, Charcoal (Pure Willow), 

0-25 gm. 

., Chemical Food (Phosphates 
Compound), = dr. 1/2 of 
Compound Syrup of Phos- 
phates 

Containing the combined phos- 
phates of iron, calcium, sodium 
and potassium, equivalent to 
drachm 1/2 of standard Com- 
pound Syrup of Phosphates. 

,, Chemical Food (Phosphates, 
Compound), = dr. i of Com- 
pound Syrup of Phosphates 

Equivalent to drachm i of 
standard Compound Syrup 
of Phosphates. 

Chloralamide, gr. 5 ... 

Chloral Hydrate, gr. 5 

gr. 10 ... 

0-25 gm. ... 

I gm. 

Cinchona Tincture, min. 30... 

Cinchona Compound Tincture, 

min. 30 

,, Citric Acid, gr. 5 



DOSE 

I or more 

I to 2 



Issued in 



oval 
bots. of 



25 



I or more 
I to 2 



I or more as 
required 



I to 6 



I or more 



I or more 



-> 

J 


to 6 




to 4 




to 2 




to 5 








to 2 




to 2 




to 4 



25 



25 



bots. of 



100 



100 
100 



100 



100 



100 



100 



— 


100 


— 


100 


— 


100 


25 


100 


25 


— 


36 


100 


25 


100 


— 


100 



Write the 
Brand in 
lull, thus: 




154 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 





I as required 


gr. 1/2 
gr. :/20 






I a.s required 



25 
25 
25 

100 

25 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products— coniinueii 
'TABLOID' BRAND— DOSE 

Cocaine Hydrochloride {see 
' Soloid ' Brand products) 
,, Codeine, gr. 1/4 ... ... Ito4ormore 

gr- 1/2 I to 4 

,, Codeine and Nux Vomica ... i to 2 

IJ Codeinas Phosphatis gr. i 
Ext. Nucis Vomica: gr. 1/4 

,, Codeine Phosphate, 0-03 gm. i 

,, ' Coffee- Mint ' ... ... 1104 or more 

H Sodii Bicarbonatis... gr. 3 
Ainmonii 

Bicarbonatis gr. 1/16 

Kxt. CofFeae ... gr. 1/2 

Cerii Oxalatis ... gr. 1/4 

01. MenthaePiperitae ^.s. 

,, Colchicine Salicylate, gr. 1/32 r to 2 

,, Colocynth and Hyoscyamus, 

(B.r. Pill), gr. 4 I to 2 

Each contain.s ; Compound Pill 
of Colocynth, gr. 2-2/3 • Green 
Extract of Hyoscyamus, 
gr. i-i/3- 
,, Colocynth Compound (B.P. 

Pill), gr. 4 I to 2 

Each contains approximately : 
Colocynth Pulp, gr. 2-2/3 ; Bar- 
bados Aloes, gr. 1-1/3 ; Scam- 
monj' Resin, gr. 1-1/3 ; Oil of 
Cloves, min. 1/6. 

,, Cotarnine Hydrochloride, 

gr. 3/4, bottles of 25 ... i repeated 

,, Cretns Arom. c. Opio, Pulv. 

(j-^i? Aromatic Chalk Powder 

with Opium, B.P.) 

,, Culjeb and Belladonna, Effer- 
vescent 

IJ Pulv. Cubeba; 

Ext. Belladonnas ... 

,, Cubeb Compound ... ... i as required 25 

IJ Oleo-resinae Cubebae gr. 1/4 
Ammonii Chloridi... gr. 1/2 
Glycyrrhizini ... gr. 1/4 



Issued in 

oval ' bots. of 
bots. of 



Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 



-Aj- J ailo-uL — — 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



155 



'Tabloid' Brand Products— canf/nued 
TABLOID' BRAND- 

,, Didymiii (Testicular Sub- 
stance), gr. 5 

,, Digitalin (Amorphous), gr. 
i/ioo 

,, Digitalis Tincture, mill, i ... 
min. 5 ... 

,, Donovan Solution, min. 5 ... 

One represents min. 5 of Liq. 
Arsenii et Hydrargyri lodidi, 
P.B., containing arsenious and 
mercuric iodides, of each 
gr. 1/22. 

,, Dover Powder (Ipecac, with 
Opium), gr. 1/4 

Each contains Opium and 
Ipecacuanha, of each gr. 1/40 

,, Dover Powder (Ipecac, with 

Opium), gr. 5 

Each contains Opium and 
Ipecacuanha, of each gr. 1/2 

,, Dover Powder (Ipecac, with 
Opium), 0-25 gm. ... 
Each contains Opium and 
Ipecacuanha, of each 0-025 gm. 

,, Easton Syrup (Iron Phosphate 
with Quinine and Strych- 
nine), dr. 1/2 

,, Easton Syrup (Itun Phosphate 
with (Quinine and Strych- 
nine), dr. I ... 

., Easton Syrup (Iron Phos[)hale 
with Quinine and Strych- 
nine), 2 c.c — 

,, Easton Syrup (Iron i'hosphate 
with Quinine and Strych- 
nine), 4 c.c 

The 'Tabloid' prothicts present, 
in a soluble condition, the 
amount of iron (ferric state), 
quinine and strychnine con- 
tained in corresponding doses 
of the B. P. Syrup. 



DOSE 

1 increased 
to 4 

I to 3 

I frequently 

I 

I to 4 



frequently 



I to 



I to 4 



I to 



I to 2 



Issued in 



oval 
bots. of 



50 
100 

48 



100 



25 



25 



25 



25 



bots. of 



100 



100 
100 



100 



100 



100 



100 



100 



100 



Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 



/ ^a--^-^ '-vr<C 



156 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products—con/tHueif 
TABLOID' BRAND— 

,, Effervescent Products, 
' Tabloid ' Brand {sc- under 
the name of each product) 

,, Elaterin, gr. 1/40 

,, Ergotin (Ergot Extract), gr. i 

•' " .) ,, gr. 2 

gr. 3 

>! !) 1, ,, 0-25 gm. 

,, Ergotin and Strychnine 

IJ Ergotini (Ext. 

Ergou-e, P.K.) gr. 3 
.Slrj-chninffiSuiphatis gr. 1/30 

,, Erythrol Tetranitrate (Tetra- 
nitrin), gr. 1/4, tulles of 25... 

,, Erythrol Tetranitrate (Tetra- 
nitrin), gr. 1/2 

.. Erythrol Tetranitrate (Tetra- 

nitrin), gr. i 
,, Euonymin (Euonvmus 

Extract, B.P.), gr. 1/8 
,, Euonymin (Euonymus 

Extract, B.P.), gr. 1/2 
., Euquinine, gr. 5 
,, Exalgin, gr. 2 
,, Fellis Bovini I'urificati 

Ox Bile) 
,, Fellis Porcini Purificati {see 

Pig Bile) 
,, Ferric Chloride, min. 10 

One represents the amount of 
Ferric Chloride contained in 
min. 10 of Tinct. Ferri Per- 
chloridi, P. P). It contains a 
small quantity of ammonium 
chloride as a vehicle. 

,, Ferric Chloride and Arsenic... 

E Tinct. Ferri Perchloridi min. lo 
Acidi Arseniosi ... gr. 1/30 

,, Ferruginous {see Blaud) 

,, Ferrum {see Iron) 



Wiite the 
Brand hi 
full, thus: 



Dry 
Dry 

{see 



DOSE 



I to 4 

I tci 4onnore 

I to 4 

I to 3 

I to 2 

I to 2 



I to 4 

I to 2 

I 

I t(3 4 or more 

I to 4 
I to 2 
I to 2 



Issued in 

bots. of 



oval 
bots. of 



12 

25 




100 
100 
100 

100 
100 



100 
100 



ICX) 



100 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



157 



Tabloid ' Brand VroAucts— continued 



DOSE 



I to 2 



I lo 



I or more 



I to 4 
I to 2 

I to S 



I to 4 



Issued in 



TABLOID' BRAND— 

,, Galbanum Comp. (Asafetida 
Compound), (1!. I'. Pill),gr. 4 

^ Asafetid;e, 
Galbani, 
Myrrhffi, 3:1 gr. 1-1/7 

,, Gelsemium Tincture, min. 5 

,, '(lingament' (Trade Mark), 

(Neutralising Compound), 

originated by B. W. & Co — 

B; Sodii Bicarbonatis ... gr. 5 
Ammonii Bicarbonatis gr. 1/12 
tJingerini, 
Saccharini, 
01. Menthae Piperitse,'aa q.s. 

,, Ginger E.ssence (B. P. 'S5), 

mi"- 5 

,, ,, ,, min. 10 ... 

,, Glycerophosphates CompDund, 

dr. 1/2 

Each contains calcium, sodium, 
potassium, magnesium and 
iron glycerophosphates, kola, 
pepsin and diast.ase, with 
gr. 1/800 of strychnine glycero- 
phosphate, and is equivalent 
to 1/2 fluid drachm of syrup of 
glycerophosphates. 

,, Glycerophosphates Compound, 

2 C. c. 
Each contains calcium, sodium, 
potassium, magnesium and 
iron glycerophosphates, kola 
pepsin, and diastase, with 
000009 gm. of strychnine 
glycerophosphate, and is equi- 
valent to 2 c.c. of syrup of 
glyceropho.sphales. 

,, Gregory Powder (Rhuharl) 
Comp. Powder), gr. 5 
Each contains : — Rhubarb, 
gr. 1-1/9; Heavy Magnesia, 
gr- 3"i/3 ! ^""^l Ci'iiger, gr. 5/9 

,, Grey Powder, gr. 1/4, gr. 1/3 

and gr. 1/2 i repeated 

„ „ „ k^r- I I to 5 



oval 
bots. of 



4S 



48 



25 



I to4or more 



25 



100 
100 



bots. of 



100 



100 



100 



ICX3 
100 



100 



100 



100 



Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 




v.y^i^«<(5 



158 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products — continued 

'TABLOID' BRAND— 

,, Grey Powder, gr. 2 ... 



2r. 



DOSE 
I to 3 

I to 2 
I 

I or more 
I to 3 



Ito5ormore! — 



I to 5 



. ,, ,, 0-05 gm. 

, .. ,, 0-15 gm. 

The 'Tabloid' products contain 
3^-1/3 percent, of pure metallic 
mercury. 

, Grey Powder and Dover 
Powder, of each gr. 1/2 ... 

Each contains : — Mercury, 
gr. 1/6 ; Opium and Ipeca- 
cuanha, of each gr. 1/20. 

Grey Powder and Dover 

Powder, of each gr. i 

Each contains : — Mercury, 
gr. 1/3; Opium and Ipeca- 
cuanha, of each gr. i/io. 

Grey Powder and Opium 

IJ; Hydrarg. c. Creta... gr. i 
Pulv. Opii ... ... gr. 1/6 

Grey Powder, gr. 1/2, and 

Sodium Bicarbonate, 

gr. 2-1/2 I repeated 
Grey Powder, gr. i, and 

Sodium Bicarbonate, gr. 5 
Grey Powder, Opium and 

Quinine 

Vf, Hydrargyri cum 

Creta gr. 1-1/2 

Extracti Opii ... gr. 1/6 

Quinine .Sulphatis gr. 1-1/2 

Guaiacol Camphorate, gr. 5 



Issued in 

bots. of 



oval 
bots. of 



100 



to 5 



I to 5 
I to 3 



0-5 gm. 
Guaiacol Carbonate, gr. 5 ... 
0-3 gm. 
Guaiacum and (^)uinine Com- 
pound 

IJ Guaiaci Resinae ... gr. 2 
Sulphuris ... ... gr. 2 

Quininae Salicylatis gr. 1/2 



I to 2 

increased 
I 

I to 2 
I to 2 

I to 4 



Write the 
Brand in // 
full, thus : 



^J 



25 
25 
25 
25 



100 
100 
100 

100 



100 



100 



100 



100 



100 



ICX) 



100 



100 
100 



100 



l/-aJ^'Ctty(?C 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



159 



I to 3 
I or more 



'Tabloid' Brand Products— <:oiti/>iut;^ 

TABLOID' BRAND— DOSE 

,, Guaiacum and Sulphur ... i to 4 

IJ Guaiaci Resinaa ... gr. 3 
Sulphuris 

Prcecipitati gr. 3 

., Guaiacum Resin, gr. 5 

,, Haemoglobin, gr. 5 ... 

., ' Hemisine' (Trade Mark), 

0-0003 g™-' tii^'es of 12 ... 2 to 3 
,, 'Hemisine' (Trade Mark), 

o-ooi gni., tubes of 12 ... i 
,, Heroin Hydrochloride, gr. 1/25 i to 4 

gi-- i/io I to 4 
„ 0-0025 gm. I to 4 
,, Hydrarg. c. Greta, {see Grey 

Powder) 
,, Hydrarg. lodid. Flav.,gr. i/S I to 4 

0-02^ (Till. I 

., Hydrarg. lodid. Rubr.,gr. 1/20 I 

5, .gr- 1/16 I 
,, o-oi gm. I 
,, llvdrarg. lodid. Virid., gr. l/S 



I to 4 
increased 

I to 4 or more 



Hydrargyri Perchloridi (Mer- 
curic Chloride), gr. i/ioo 

Hydrargyri Perchloridi (Mer- 
curic Chloride), gr. 1/16 ... I 

Hydrargyri Perchloridi (Mer- 
curic Chloride), o-oi gm. ... i 

Hydrarg. Perchloridi, gr. 1/32, 
et Potass. lodid., gr. 2-1/2 i to 2 

I [ydrarg. Perchloridi, gr. 1/16, 
et Potass. lodid., gr. 5 ... i 

1 lydrarg. Subchlor. {see 
Calomel) 

Hydrastine Compound ... i to 3 

1^ Hydrastina; repeated 

Hydrochloridi gr. 1/4 
E.\t. Ergotse 

(Ergotini) gr. 1/2 
Cannabina;Tannatis gr. 1/2 



Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 




(/^uyicO 



Issued in 

bots. of 



oval 
bots. of 



25 



25 
25 

25 
100 

50 

50 

100 

50 

100 
100 
100 



100 



100 
100 



100 
100 
100 



100 



100 



100 



100 



160 



FORMULARY OF FINE PKODUCTS 



'Tabloid' Brand Products—continued 
'TABLOID' BRAND— 

,, Hydrastine Compound and 



Cotarnine Hydrochloride , 

;r. 1/4 



]J Hydrastinas 

Hydrochloiidi 
Ext. ErgotjE 

(Ergotini) gr. 1/2 
CannabincE Tannatis gr. 1/2 
Cotarnine 

Hydrochloridi gr. 1/4 



Hydrastine 



Hydrochloride, 
Hvdrobromide, 



DOSE 



I to 



Issued in 

bots. of 



oval 
bots. of 



repeated 



,, Hyoscine 

0-0003 gm. ... 
,, Hyoscyamus Tincture, B. P. , 

min. 10 
,, Hypodermic Products 

(see page 115; 
,, Hypophosphites Compound, 

gr. 1-1/2 

Contains gr. 1-1/2 of the com- 
bined liypophosphites of cal- 
cium, potassium, sodium, 
manganese, iron and quinine, 
with gr. 1/128 of strychnine 
hypophosphite. 

,, Hypophosphites Compound, 

gr-3-- •• 

Contains gr. 1/64 of strychnine 
hypophosphite. 

,, Hypophosphites Compound, 
o-i gm. 

Each contains calcium, 
potassium, sodium, man- 
ganese, iron and quinine 
hypophosphites, with 0-0005 
gm. of strychnine hypo- 
phosphite. 

,, Hypophosphites Compound, 
0-2 gm. 

Containing o-ooi gm. of 
strychnine hypophosphite. 



I to 4 
repeated 

I to 2 

I to 4 or more 



I to 2 



I to 2 



25 



25 



Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus; 




uL — — 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



161 



'Tabloid' Brand Products— conf/mu-d 


Issued in 


'TABLOID' BRAND— 


DOSE 


oval 
bots. of 


bots. of 


,, Hypophosphites, Compound 








and Creosote 


I 


— 


ICO 


Each contains : Creosote, min. i, 
and gr. 3 of the combined 
hypophosphites of calcium, 
sodium, potassium, manganese, 
iron, quinine, and gr. 1/64 
of strychnine hypophosphite 
(equivalent to 1 fluid drachm 
of standard compound syrup of 
hypophosphites). 








,, Ichthyol, gr. 2-1/2 


I to 4 


25 


100 


„ o-i gm 


I to 4 


25 


100 


., Ipecacuanha Powder, gr. i/io 


I frequently 


100 


— 


gr- 5 


I every hour 


— 


100 


0-25 gm. 


I to 8 


— 


100 


,, Ipecacuanha Powder deprived 








of its emetic principles, gr. 5 


I to 4 or more 


— 


TOO 


,, Ipecacuanha and Tartarated 








Antimony, of each gr. i/ioo 


I fre(juently 


— 


100 


,, Ipecacuanha and Tartarated 








Antimony, of each 0-005 g'^^- 


I 


25 





,, Ipecacuanha Wine, min. 5 ... 


I to 3 (expec- 


50 


100 


,, Ipecacuanha with Opium {.Ke 


torant ) 






Dover Powder) 








,, Ipecacuanha with Squill (B.P. 








Pill), gr. 4 


I to 2 


— 


100 


Each contains appro.vimately : 
Ipecacuanha and Opium, of 
each gr. 1/5, Powdered Squill 
and Powdered Ammoniacum, 
of each gr. 2/3. 








,, Iridin Compound 


I ti) 2 


25 


100 



IJi Iridini ... ... ... gr. 2 

E.\t. Hyoscyami ... gr. 1/2 

Pil. Rhei Comp. ... gr. 1-1/2 

Iron and Arsenic Compound i to 3 

li Ferri Hypophosphitis .gr. 2 

Quiniiia; Bisulphatis gr. i 

Acidi .\rseniosi ... gr. 1/50 

Strychninae Sulphatis gr. 1/50 



100 



Write the 
Brand 
full, thus 



"/ 



/ .!^,~^' 



162 



FORMULAKY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



'Tabloid' Brand Products — contimied 

'TABLOID' RKAND— 

,, Iron and (^)iiinine Citrate, 

B.P. gr. 3 .- 

Each contains Quinine, approxi- 
mately gr. 1/2 

,, Iron and Quinine Citrate, 
B.P., o-2gm. 

Each contains Quinine, 0-03 gm. 

,, Iron and Strychnine Plios- 
phates 
5; Ferri Phosphatis 

Solubilis gr. i 
Strychninas Phosphatis gr. 1/32 

,, Iron, Arsenic and Digitalin ... 
IJ Ferri Phosphatis 

Solubilis gr. 3 
Acidi Arseniosi ... gr. i/ioo 
Digitalini (Amorph.) gr. i/ioo 

,, Iron Carbonate, Saccliarated, 

gr- 5 

,, Iron Citrate Compound 

^ Ferri et .Ammonii 

Citratis ... gr. 3 

Quininae Sulphatis ... gr. i 

Acidi Arseniosi ... gr. 1/60 

,, Iron Glycerophosphate, gr. 3 
,, Iron Phosphate with Quinine 

and Strychnine ^see 

' Tabloid ' Easton Syrup) 
,, Iron Phosphate with Quinine 

and Strychnine [see Easton 

Syrup) 
,, Iron Pill {see Blaud) 
,, Iron, Reduced {see Reduced 

Iron) 
,, Iron Sulphate, Dried, gr. 3... 
,, Iron Valerianate, gr. i 

„ Jalap, gr. 5 

,, Juniper Oil, min. 3, (Capsule), 

boxes of 50 ... 



DOSE 



I to 



I to 



I to 



I to 6 
I to T, 



I to 2 



I 

I or more 

I to 4 

I 



Issued in 

bots. of 



oval 
bots. of 



25 



25 



25 



25 



25 



25 



Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 



X 



^Coltcc.t/j 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



163 



'Tabloid' Brand Prodacts~co>U/nueii 

' TABLOID' BRAND— DOSE 

,, Kino Compound Powder, B.P., 

gr. 5 I to 4 

Each contains : Kino, gr. 3-3/4 ; 
Opium, gr. 1/4 ; and Cinnamon, 
gr. I. 



Kissingen Salt, Effervescoit, 
Artificial, tubes of 25 

Laxative Vegetable ... 

IJ Ext. Colocynthidis 

Comp. ... ... gr. I 

E.\t. Jalapae ... gr. 1/2 

Podophylli Resina; gr. 1/4 

Leptandrini... ... gr. 1/2 

E.\-t. Hyoscyami ... gr. 1/4 

E.\t. Taraxaci ... gr. 1/4 
01. Mentiia; 

Piperitae q.s. 

Lead with Opium (B.P. Pill), 

gr. 4 

Each contains approximately : — 
Lead Acetate, gr. 3 ; Opium, 
gr. 1/2. 

Lead Acetate, o-i gm.. with 
Opium, 0-03 gm. ... 

Liquorice Compound Powder, 

gr- 30 

Each represents : — Senna, gr. 5 ; 
Liquorice Root, gr.5 ; Sublimed 
Sulphur, gr. 2-1/2 ; etc. 

Liqaorice Compound ]\>wdcr. 



I or more 
a.s required 
I to 3 



I to 4 



I to 4 



Issued in 

oval I bots. of 
bots. of 



100 



2.S 



Each represents : — .Senna, 0-3 gm. ; 
Liquorice Root, 0-3 gm. ; Sub- 
limed Sulphur, 0-15 gm. ; etc. 

Lithium Benzoate Compound Ito4ormore 

^ Lithii Benzoatis ... gr. 3 
Sulphuris 

PrEEcipitati gr. 2 

Quinina; Salicylatis gr. 1/3 

Lithium Carbonate, gr. 2 

0-15 gm. 

Lithium Citrate, gr. 5, E^ci- 

vescent 



I to 
I to 



I to 2 



25 
25 

25 



100 



100 



100 



100 



100 



100 
100 



100 



lull, thus: ^^'^' 






164 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products— co/ih'nu, 

'TABLOID' F.RAND— 

,, Lithium Citrate, o-2^ S"'-- 
El'fe7-vescent . .. 

,, Lithium Citrate and Sodium 
Sulphate, Eferziesren/, tubes 
of25 

IJ Lithii Citratis ... gr. 5 
Sodii Sulphatis ... gr. 30 

,, Lithium Citrate and Uro- 
tropine, Effcri'escent, tuljes 
of25 

3; Lithii Citratis ... gr. 5 
Urotropinae ... gr. 3 

Salis Efi'ervescentis q.s. 

,, Lithium Citrate, Eftervcscent. 
B. P. , gr. 60, tubes of 25 ... 

Each contains about gr. 3 of 
Lithium Citrate. 

,, Livingstone Rouser {see 
Quinine and Rhuljarl) Com- 
pound) 

,. Magnesium Carbonate Com- 
Dound 



IJ Magnesii Carb. 
Sodii Bicarbonatis 
Potass. Bicarbonatis 
Sodii Chloridi 

Matrnesium 



gr. 2 
gr. 2 
gr. 2 
gr. 3 

Citrate ( True), 



Effervescent, gr. 60, tubes 
of25 ..." 

Magnesium Sulphate, F^ffer- 

vescent, B. P., gr. 60, tubes 

of25 

Each rcpresent.s gr. 30 of Mag- 
nesium .Sulphate. 

Magnesium Sulphate Com- 
pound, Effervescent, tubes 
of25 

IJ; Magnesii Sulphatis 
Sodii Sulphatis 
Magne.sii Carbonatis 
Liq. Zingiberis 

Magnesium Sulphite, 



gr- t5 
gr. 15 

gr. 5 
min. 3-1/2 

ijr. 



DOSE 



I to 2 



I to 



Issued in 

bots. of 



oval 
bots. of 



100 



I or more 



I to 2 



I to 4 



I to 



I to 4 



I to 4 



5 



I frequently 



25 



100 



100 



^V^ite the 
Brand n 
full, thus: 






ISSUED BY 



W. AND CO. 



16.5 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products— continued 
'TABLOID' BRAND— DOSE 

,, '.Mamos' (Trade Mark) (for- 
merly known as ' Tabloid ' 
^Mammary Gland^, gr. 5 ... I increased 

,, Mangan-ese and Iron Citrate 

(soluble), gr. 3 i to 3 

,, Manganese and Iron Citrate 

(soluble), gr. 5 ... ... i to 2 

,, -Manganese and Iron Citrate 

with Quinine (soluble), gr. 3 i to 3 
Each contains Quinine, approxi- 
mately gr. 1/2. 

,, Manganese and Iron Citrate 

vvitli Quinine (soluble), gr. 5 i to 2 
Each contains Quinine, gr. 3/4. 

,, Manganese and Iron Citrate 
with Strychnine (soluble), 
gr- I 

Each contains Siryclmine, 
gr. rjzoo. 

,, Manganese and Iron Phos- 
phate (soluble), gr. 3 

.. Manganese and Iron Phos- 
phate (soluble), gr. 5 

., Manganese Citrate (soluble), 

gr- 3 

,, Manganese Citrate (soluble), 

gr- 5 

.. Manganese Dioxide, gr. 2 ... 

,, Menthol, gr. 1/4, bottles of 40 I repeated 



I to 3 
I to 3 

1 to 2 

I to 3 

I to 2 

I to 5 



,, Menthol Compound ... 

IJ; Menthol gr. i:^ 

Sodii Bicarbonatis... gr. 3 
Saccharini ... ... gr. 1/6 

.. Mercuric Potas.sium Iodide, 
(formerly knoivn as lodic- 
Hydrarg. ;, gr. 1/6 

., Mercury Green Iodide {see 
Hydrarg. lod. Vir.) 



I to 4 



oval 
bots. oi 



Issued in 

bots. of 



25 
25 

25 
25 



100 



100 



100 



100 



25 


100 


25 


100 


25 


— 


25 


— 


25 


100 


— 


100 


— 


100 



100 



\A^rite the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 




T^ 



Oyi 



H&uO — — — 



166 



FORMULARY OP FINE PRODUCTS 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products — continued 



DOSE 



(see 



[see 



{see 



I to 2 
I to 2 



TABLOID' BRAND — 

,, Mercury Perchloride 
Hydrarg. Perchlor. ) 

,, Mercury Red Iodide 
Hydrarg. lod. Ruhr.) 

,, Mercury Subchloride [see 
Calomel) 

,, Mercury with Chalk, and com- 
binations [see Grey Powder 
and combinations) 

,, Mercury Yellow Iodide 
Hydrarg. lod. Flav.) 

,, Methylene Blue, gr. 2 

,, o-i5gm. ... 

,, Milk Sugar, gr. 3 

,, Mineral Water Salts, Effer- 
vescent {see Carlsbad, Kis- 
singen, Seltzer and Vichy) 

,, Mistura Alba ... 

R Magnesii Carb. Pond. gr. 2-1/2 
Magnesii Sulphatis gr. 15 
01. Menthcc Pip. min. 1/32 

,, Morphine and Emetine, 
bottles of 50 

IJ Morphina; Sulphatis gr. 1/40 
Emetinse Hydrobrom. gr. 1/80 

,, Morphine Hydrochloride, 

o-oi gm. 

,, Morphine, Strychnine and 
Belladonna ... 

IJ: Morphine Sulphatis gr. 1/12 
Strychnine Sulphatis gr. 1/60 
Ext. Belladonnae ... gr. 1/20 

,, Morphine Sulphate, gr. 1/20 ito4ormore 

,, ,, „ gr. 1/8 I to 4 

,, ,, ,, gr. 1/4 I to 2 

,, ,, 0-005 gm 

o-oi em. 



Issued in 

bots. of 



oval 
bots. of 



25 



I to 8 



I to 



I as required 



Mucin Compound 

IJ; Mucini 

Sodii Bicarbonatis 



I to 4 

1 to 2 

2 or more 



gr. 



100 



25 



50 

50 

50 

100 

100 



s" -^U' J ttJji&uL ^ 



Write the 
Brand 
full, thus 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



167 



'Tabloid' Brand Products— cc»i(/nufii 


I.ssued in 


'TABLOID' BRAND— 


DOSE 


oval 
bots. of 


bots. of 


Nasal (see ' Soloid ' Brand 






* 


Products, /ofi? 138) 








,, Nitroglycerin (see Trinitrin) 








,, Nuclein, gr. I 


I or more 


— 


100 


,, Nux Vomica Compound 


I to 3 


25 


100 


IJ Ext. Nucis Vomicae 
Aloiqi 

Fern Sulphatis 
Pulv. Myrrhae 
Pulv. Saponis aa gr. 1/2 








,, Nux Vomica Tincture, min. i 


I frequently 


100 


— 


,, ,, M ». min. 5 


I to 3 


48 


100 


,, ,, ,, ,, min. 10 


I 


36 


100 


,, Ophthalmic Products (see 








page 1 23 J 








„ Opium, gr. J 


I to 4 


— 


100 


gr- I 


I to 2 


— 


100 


,, 0-025 gm 


I to 5 


— 


100 


,, Opium Tincture, B. P. (Laud- 








anum), min. 2 


I or more 


48 


100 


,, Opium Tincture, B. P. (Laud- 








anum), min. 5 


I to 6 


48 


100 


,, Opium Tincture, B. 1'. (Laud- 








anum), min. lo 


I to 3 


36 


100 


,, Opium Tincture (i in lo). 








0-2 gm. 


I to 2 


2.S 


100 


,, 'Orsudan' ('J'nuh Mark) (So- 








dium 3 -Methyl -4 -acetyl - 








aminophenylarsonate),gr. i 


I to 10 liypo- 
dcrmically 


— 


100 


., (Jvarian Substance (see 








' Varium') 








,, Ox Bile, Purified, gr. 4 


I to 4 


— 


100 


,, Papain, gr. 2 


I to 4 


25 


100 


,, Paregoric (see Campiior Com- 








pound Tincture) 








,, Pastilles f'j-fjf/ai.'-t' 126; 








,, Pelletierine Tannate, gr. 2 ... 


I lo 4 


25 


— 



Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 



/ <*-^-/*-uj4. 



168 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products— coufiniwi/ 

'TABLOID' I.KAN u— 

,, ' Pepana " {fi-ade Mark} 



DOSE 



(Gastro-enteric digestive) 

IJ Pepsini ... ... gr. i 

Pancreatini ... ... gr. i 

Calcii 

Lactophosphatis gr. i 

Pepsin and Stryclinine ... i to 

]J Pepsini ... ... gr. 2 

Strychninae Sulph. gr. i/ioo 

Pepsin, Bismuth and Charcoal i to 

IJ; Pepsini gr. 2 

BismuthiCarbonatis gr. 2 
Carbonis Ligni ... gr. 2 

Pepsin, Bismuth and Strych- 
nine ... ... ... ... I to 

IJ Pepsini ... ... gr. 2 

Bismuthi Carljonatis gr. 3 
Strychninae Sulpli. gr. i/ioo 

Pepsin, Saccharated, gx. 5 .. 

Phenacetin, gr. i 

gr- 5 

o-i gm 

0-25 gm. 

■ 0-5 g»i 

Phenacetin and (Quinine Com 
pound 

E Plienacetini ... gr. 3 

Quininae Hydrobroiu. gr. 1/2 
Caffeina; ... ... gr. 2/3 

Phenacetin Compound ... i to 3 

E Phenacetini ... gr. 4 

Caffeina; ... ... gr. i 

I'henacetin Compound, No. 2 i to 3 

]J Phenacetini... ... 0-25 gm. 

Caffeine ... ... 0-05 gm. 

Phenazone [scd Antipyrine) 
Phenol and Menthol Com- 
pound, (Capsule), boxes of 25 i as required 
IJ Phenol ... ... gr. 1/4 

Menthol ... ... gr. 1/2 

01. Cajuputi ... min. i 

Phosphates Compound {see 
Chemical Food) 



Issued in 

liots. of 



oval 
bots. of 

25 



I to 4 or more 


— 


I to 4 or more 


2.S 


I to 2 


25 


. I to 4 


25 


. I to 2 


25 


I 


25 


• I to 3 


_ 



25 



25 



Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus 



\ ^ <lyco/-uc^ — — 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



169 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products— continued 




Issued in 








oval 


bots. of 


'TABLOID' BRAND— 


DOSE 




bots. of 


• 


,, Photographic (see pages 










127-130; 










,, Pig Bile, Purified, gr. 4 


I to 4 




— 


100 


,, Pilocarpine Nitrate, gr. i/io 


1 to 5 




25 


— 


„ „ gr- 1/4 ■ • 


I to 2 




25 


— 


,, Piperazine, gr. 5, bottles of 25 


I to 2 




— 


— 


,, Piperazine, gr. 5, Effei~i<escent, 










tubes of 12 ... 


I to 2 




— 


— 


,, Pituitary Gland, gr. 2 


I to 3 




— 


100 


,. Plummer Pill [see Calomel 










Compound) 










,, Podophyllin, gr. 1/4 


I to 4 




100 


— 


,, Podophyllin and Euonymin ... 


I to 2 




— 


100 


IJ Podophylli Resinae gr. 1/4 










Ext. Euonymi Sicci. gr. i 










,, Podophyllin Compound 


I to 3 




— 


100 


IJ Podophylli Kesinae gr. 1/6 










Pil. Rhei Comp. ... gr. 2-1/2 










Ext. Hyoscyami 










Viridis gr. 1-1/4 










,, Potassium Bicarbonate, gr. 5 


I to 6 




40 


100 


o-3gm. 


I to 6 




25 


100 


,, Potassium Bromide, gr. 5 ... 


I to 6 




— 


100 


gr- 10 ... 


I to 3 




— 


100 


0-5 gm. 


I to 4 




25 


100 


I gm- 


I to 2 




25 


— 


,, Potassium Chlorate, gr. 5 


I as required 


40 


100 


Also in white-metal boxes 










containing 40 and 100 










,, Potassium Chlorate, O-I gm. 


I as required 


40 


100 


Also in white-metal bo.xes 










containing 100 










,, Potassium Chlorate, 0-25 gm. 


I as required 


25 


100 


,, Potassium Chlorate and Borax 


I as required 


40 


I GO 


Also in white-metal boxes 










containing 40 and 100 










,, Potassium Iodide, gr. i 


I frequently 


— 


100 




(expcctor 


ant) 






,, gr- 3 


I to 6 




— 


100 


„ gr- 5 


I to 4 




— 


100 



Write the 
Brand in 

full, thus: 







170 



KdKMUI-AKV OF FINE PRODUCTS 



'Tabloid' Brand Products— cofiUmte'^ 

'TABLOID' BRAND— 

,, i'otassiuiii Iodide, o-i gm. . 
,, o-5gm. . 



DOSK 

I or more 

I to 2 or 

more 



I to 4 



I to 2 
I to 2 



{see 



I every hour 



I'otassium Nitrate (Sal J'ru- 

nella), gr. 5 

Potassium Permanganate, gr. I I to 3 

gf- 2 I 
Prostate Gland, gr. 2-1/2 
Pyramidon, 0-5 gm. ... 
Quinine, Ammoniated 

Ammoniated (Quinine) 
(Quinine and Camphor 

li Quininss Disulphatis gr. i 
CamphorEE ... ... gr. 1/5 

()uinine, Arsenic and Strych- 
nine ... 

IJ Quinina; liisulphatis gr. i 
Acidi Arseniosi ... gr. 1/20 
Strychnina; gr. 1/30 

Quinine and Rhubarb Com- 
pound {we// /inownfor many 
years as ' Tabloid' Living- 
stone Rouser) ... 

IJi Pulv. Jalapae ... gr. 1-1,2 

Hydrargyri 

Subchloridi gr. i 

Pulv. Rhei gr. 1-1/2 

QuiniiicE Bisulphatis gr. i 

()uinine and Strychnine 

]J Quininas Bisulphatis gr. i 
StrychninasSulphatis gr. 1/60 

Quinine, Belladonna and Cam- 
phor ... 

Vt Quininas .Sulphatis gr. 1/4 
E.xt. Belladonnas ... gr. 1/8 
Cainphora; ... ... gr. 1/4 

Quinine Bihydrochloride,gr. 5 i to 2 

gi'- 10 I 

(Quinine Bisulphatc, gr. 1/2 ... i or more 

,, ,, gr- I ... I or more 

gr. 2 ... 1 to 5 



I to 



I to 



I to 4 



Is-sued in 

bots. of 



oval 
bots. of 



25 



25 



25 



25 



25 
50 
36 



V/rite the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 



kJoJ-UX^ 



ISSUED BY B. 



171 



'Tabloid' Brand Products— con/htue, 


/ 


Issued in 








oval 


bots. of 


TABLOID' BRAND— 


do.se 


bots. of 




,, (Quinine 


Bisulphate, gr. 3 


I to 3 


25 


100 


?? )? 


gr- 4 •■• 


I to 2 


25 


100 


) J ?> 


gr. 5 ••• 


I to 2 


25 


100 


5? )» 


gr. 10 ... 


I 


25 


100 


?J 5 > 


o-igm. 


I or more 


25 


100 


)) 5? 


0-25 gm. 


I to 3 


25 


100 


?) )? 


0-5 gm. 


I lo 2 


25 


100 


,, Quinine 


Bisulphate and Potas- 








sium 


Citrate, Effei~vescent , 








tubes of 25 


I to 2, re- 


— 





IJ QuininjE Bisulphatis gr. i 


peated as 






Potassii Citratis ... gr. 15 


necessary 






,, Quinine 


, Camphor and Aconite 


I every hour 


25 


100 


IJ Quininas Bisulphatis gr. 1/4 








Camphora: ... ... gr. 1/4 








Tinct 


Aconiti ... min. i 








,, Quinine 


Compound ... 


I every hour 


25 


100 


IJ Cinchonas Alkaloid- 










orum gr. i 








Acetanilidi gr. 1-1/5 








Camphorse Mono- 










bromatae gr. 1/5 








Pulv. 


Ipecacuanhas gr. 1/8 








Ext. 


Cascara; 

Sagradae gr. 1/4 








,, Quinine 


Hydrobromide, gr. i 


I or more 


25 


100 


15 5; 


gr- 2 


I to 5 


25 


100 


? ? ? ? 


gr- 3 


I to 3 


25 


100 


" J ) 


gr- 4 


I to 2 


25 


100 


!? )? 


gr- 5 


I to 2 


25 


100 


1? J) 


,, o-l gm. 


I or more 


25 


100 


' ? ?) 


0-25 gm. 


I to 3 


25 


100 


,, Quinine Hydrochloride, gr. i 


I or more 


25 


100 


!) J» 


gr- 2 


I to 5 


25 


100 


)» S) 


gr- 3 


I to 3 


25 


100 


?? )> 


gr- 4 


I to 2 


25 


100 


M )> 


gr- 5 


I to 2 


25 


100 


H » ) 


O-I gm. 


I to 6 


25 


100 


») )J 


,, 0-25 gm. 


I to 3 


25 


100 


> J »? 


0-5 gm. 


I to 2 


25 


100 



Write the 
Brand i 
full, thus: 



I ^^^^uO 



ITi KORMUI.AKV OK FINE PRODUCTS 






'Tabloid' Brand Products— cont/nued 


1 
1 

Issued in | 






oval 


bots. of 


'TABLOID' BRAND— 


DOSE 


bots. of 




,, Quinine Salicylate (physio- 








logically pure), gr- I 


I to 6 


25 


100 


,, Quinine Salicylate (physio- 








logically pure), gr. 3 


I to 2 


25 


100 


,, Quinine Sulphate, gr. i, gr. 2, 








gr. 3, gr. 4 and gr. 5 are 








supplied in packages of the 








same size as Quinine 








Bisulphate. 








,, Quinine Valerianate, gr. 2 ... 


I to 2 


— 


100 


o-i gm. 


I to 2 


— 


100 


,, Red Gum 


I occasionally 


25 


100 


,, Reduced Iron, gr. 2 ... 


I to 3 


— 


100 


,, Reduced Iron Compound ... 


I to 2 


25 


100 


IJ Ferri Redact! ... gr. 2 








E.vt. Hyoscyami_ ... gr. i 








Ext. Nucis Vomicae gr. 1/2 








Olei Carui min. 1/4 








,, Reduced Iron and Rhubarb 








Compound ... 


I to 2 


25 


100 


IJ Ferri Redact! ... gr. 2 








E.\t. Hyoscyami ... gr. i 








E.xt. Nuci.s Vomicee gr. 1/2 








Pil. Rhei Comp. ... gr. i 








Olei Carui ... ... min. 1/4 








,, Residuum Rubrum, gr. 5 


I to 4 


— 


100 


,, Resorcin, gr. 3 


I to 2 


— 


100 


,, Rhubarb, gr. 3 


I to 4 or more 


25 


100 


0-25 gm 


I or more 


25 


100 


„ „ 0-5 gm 


I or more 


25 


100 


,, Rhubarb and Gentian Com- 








pound (Stomachic Com- 








pound) 


I to 4 


— 


100 


Ijii Inf. Gentianre 








Comp. fl. dr. 2 








Inf. Rhei ... _ ... fl. dr. i 








Sodii Bicarbonatis... gr. 5 








01. Menthae 








Piperitas min. 1/6 






1 
1 


,, Rhubarb and Soda ... 


I to 5 


25 


100 


IJ Pulv. Rhei ... _ ... gr. 3 








Sodii Bicarbonatis... gr. 1-1/2 








Pulv. Zingiberis ... gr. 1/2 








Write the /^ '/^T 


/ 






Brand in '^// W / / 
full, thus: -^tK ^ ^-iO- 


uL 




i 



ISSUED BY B. 



173 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products— confinued 
'TABLOID' BRAND— 

,, Rhubarb and Soda, No, 2 ... I 

5; Pulv. Rhei ... _ ... o-2 gm. 
Sodii Bicarbonatis... o-i gm. 
Pulv. Zingiberis ... 003 gm. 

,, Rhubarb Compound Pill, B. P., 

gr- 4 ••• I 

Each contains appro.ximately : 
Rhubarb, gr. i ; .Socotrine 
Aloes, gr. 3/4 ; IVIyrrh and 
Hard Soap, of each,_ gr. 1/2 ; 
Oil of Peppermint, min. 1/16. 

,, Rhubarb Compound Powder 

{see Gregory Powder) 
,, Rhubarb Extract, gr. 2 ... i 
,, Rhubarb, Soda and Magnesia i 

IJ Pulv. Rhei ... gr. i 

Sodii Bicarbonatis gr. 1-1/2 

Magnesii Carbonatis gr. 2 

Pulv. Zingiberis ... gr. 1/2 

Saccharin, gr. 1/2 

Salicin, gr. 5 •■• ••• ■•• i 

0-25 gm I 

Salicylic Acid {physiologically 

pure), gr. 3 I 

.Salicylic Acid {physiologically 

pure), gr. 5 i 

Salicylic Acid {physiologically 

///;-^), 0-5 gm I 

Salol, gr. 5 I 

., 0-5 gm. I 

Sandal Wood Oil, min. 5, 

(Capsule), boxes of 25 ... i 
Sandal Wood Oil, min. 10, 

(Capsule), boxes of 20 ... i 

Santonin, gr. 1/2 ... ... I 

gr. I I 

gr- 2 I 

,gr. 3 I 

0-025 gm I 



DOSE 




Issue 

oval 
bots. of 


to 5 




25 


to 2 




25 


to 4 




25 


to 5 




25 




r 


100 & 




\ 


200 


to 4 




25 


to 5 




25 


to 4 or more 


— 


to 4 




— 


to 2 




25 


to 3 




25 


to 2 




25 


to 3 or more 


— 


to 2 




— 


to 4 or more 


50 


to 4 or more 


50 


to 3 




50 


to 2 




50 


to 4 or more 


100 



bots. of 



100 



100 



100 
100 



100 
100 



100 



100 



100 
100 



100 



Write tlio 
Brand in 
full, thus : 



/ ^i-<^--; /— .^ 



174 



FOKMUr.ARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products— contfnueii 


Issued in 






oval 


bots. of 


'TABLOID' BRAND— 


DOSE 


hots, of 




,, Santonin and Calomel 


X to 3 


25 


100 


5; Santonini gr. i 








Hydrargyri Subchlor. gr. i 








,, 'Saxin' (Trade Mark), gr. 1/4 




-{ 


100 & 
200 


,, Seltzer Salt, Effervescent, 


I or more. 






Artificial, tubes of 25 


as desired 


— 


— 


,, Slippery Elm, gr. 5, 








Ijottles of 25 


I or more 


— 


100 


,, ' Soamin ' (Sodiimi Para - 








( Trade- Mark) a m i n o p h e n y 1 - 








arsenate), gr. i 


I to 10 hypo- 
dermically 


— 


100 


,, gr- 5. 


I to 2 hypo- 


— 


— 


bottles of 25 


dermically 






,, o-3gm., 


I to 2 hypo- 


— 


— 


bottles of 25 


dermically 






,, Soda-Mint (Neutralising) ... 


I to 4ormore 


30 


100 


B; Sodii Bicarbonatis... gr. 4 








Ammon. Bicarb. ... gr. 1/12 








01. Mentha; 








Piperitae ^.s. 








,, Sodium Bicarbonate, gr. 5 ... 


I to 6 


40 


100 


,, ,, gr. 10... 


I to 3 


40 


100 


0-5 gm. 


I to 4 


25 


100 


,, Sodium Bromide, gr. 5 


I to 6 


— 


100 


gr- 10 


I to 3 


— 


100 


0-5 gm. ... 


I to 4 


25 


— 


I gm. 


I to 2 


25 


— ■ 


,, Sodium Bromide Compound 


I to 6 


— 


100 


5 Sodii Bromidi ... gr. 2 








Strontii Bromidi ... gr. 2 








Ammonii Bromidi... gr. i 








Sodii Arsenatis ... gr. 1/60 








,, Sodium Citrate, gr. 2 


for milk 








modification 





100 


,, Sodium Phosphate, Elffer- 








vescent, B.P., gr. 60, tubes 








of 25 


I or more 


— 


— 


Each represents gr. 30 of Sodium 








Phosphate. 









Write the 
Brand in 

full, thus: 



oyg^y-^ni^i 



ISSUED BY H. W. AXI) CO. 



1V5 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products— contSmu-d 

'TABLOID' BRAND— 

,, Sodium Salicylate (natural), 

gr- 3 

err 1^ 
)) 11 11 " &'• J 

,, Sodium Salicylate (physio- 
lo^kaUy pure), gr. 3 

,, Sodium Salicylate ( physio- 
logically pure), gr. 5 

,, Sodium Salicylate (physio- 
logically pure), 0-5 gm. ... 

,, Sodium Salicylate (physio- 
logically pure), I gm. 

,, Sodium Salicylate (physio- 
logically pure), gr. 5, Effer- 
vescent, tubes of 25 . . . 

,, Sodium Salicylate and Potas- 
sium Bicarbonate, of each 

gr- 5 •■ 

,, Sodium Sulphate Compound, 
Effervescent, tubes of 20 ... 
Vf, Sodii Sulphatis 

Exsiccati, gr. 30 
Potassii Tartratis 

Acidi gr. 10 
Potassii Bicarb. gr. 2-1/2 

Ess. Zingiberis ... q.s. 
Sails Effervescentls, q.s. 

,, Sodium Sulphate, Efterve.scent, 
gr. 60, tubes of 25 

Each represents gr. 30 of 
Sodium Sulphate 



DOSE 

I to 6 or more 
I to 6 

I to 6 or more 

I to 6 

I to 4 

I to 2 

I or more 

I to 6 
I to 2 



Issued in 

oval I bots. ol 
bots. of 



25 
25 

25 

25 

25 

25 



I or more 



Sodium Sulphocarbolate, gr. 5 i to 3 
Sparteine Sulphate, gr. i, 

bottles of 25 I 

Spinal Cord Substance, 

gr. 2-1/2 I or more 
Spleen Substance, gr. 5 ... I or more 
Strontium Bromide, gr. 5 ... I to 6 
Strophanthus Tincture, B.P. , i repeated 
min. 5 ... ... ... as neces.sary 

-Strophanthus Tincture (i in 

10), o-i gm. ... ... ... I to 2 

Each represents Strophanthus 
Seed, o-oi gm. 



Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 




25 



50 
25 



100 



100 



100 



100 



100 



100 
100 
100 

100 
100 



176 



FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



'Tabloid' Brand Products — continued 
'TABLOID' BRAND— 

Strychnine Sulphate, gr. 1/60 i 

gr- 1/30 I 
gr. 1/20 I 

gr- 1/15 I 
o-ooi mn. I 



DOSE 

to 4 
to 2 



Sugar of Milk, gr. 3 ... 
Sulphonal, gr. 5 ... ... i 

0-25 gm I 

,, I gm., bottles of 25 i 

Sulphur Compound ... ... i 

IJ Sulphuris Prascipitati gr 5 
Potassii Tartratis 

Acidi gr. I 

,, Supra-renal Gland, gr. 5 ... i 
,, ,, ,, 0-3 gni. ... I 

,, Tannin, gr. 2-1/2 ... ... i 

M ,, o-i gm I 

), Tar, gr. i i 

,, Tar and Codeine ... ... i 

II Picis Liquidae ... gr. i 
Codeinse gr. i/S 

,, Tea (see page 179 J 

,, Terebene, min. 5, (Cap.sule), 

boxes of 50 ... ... ... I 

,, Tetranitrin {see Eryihrol 

Tetranitrate) 

,, Thirst Quencher 

Containing Tartaric Acid and 
Sodium Bicarbonate, flavoured 



with Lemon and 
' Sa.vin.' 



' Tabloid ' 



Three Bromides, Effervescent, 
tubes of 25 ... 

]J Potassii Bromidi ... 0-4 gm. 
0-4 gm. 



Sodii Bromidi 
Ammonii Bromidi 
Salis 

Effervescentis 



to 4 

to 6 
to 6 
to 2 

to 4 or more 



to 3 

increased 
to 3 
to 2 



frequently 
to 4 



Issued in 

bots. of 



oval 
bots. of 

50 
50 
50 
50 
100 

25 
25 



to 2 or more 
as desired 



I to 2 



q.s. 



25 
25 



Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 



iJci''0-Cn^ — — — 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



177 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products — continued 
'TABLOID' BRAND — DOSE 

,, Three- Syrups, dr. i ... ... i to 2 

B Syr. Ferri Phos- 

phatis cum 

Q u i n i n a e t 

Strychnina 

(Easton) min. 15 

Syr. Hypophos- 

phitum Comp. ... min. 15 
Syr. Pho.sphatum 

Comp. (Parrish) min. 30 
Each contains Strychnine, gr. 1/S5 

,, Three Valerianates ... ... i 

]J (^>uininee 

Valerianatis ... gr. i 
Ferri Valerianatis ... gr. i 
Zinci Valerianatis ... gr. i 

Thymol, gr. i 
gr. 2 



gr- 5 

Thymus Gland, gr. 5 
Tliyroid Colloid, gr. 1/2 
Thyroid Gland, gr. 1/2 

,, gr. 1-1/2 ... 

„ gr. 2-1/2 ... 

M gr- 5 
,, ,, o-i gni. 

,, ,, 0-3 gm. 

Tonic Compound 

ii Ferri 

Pyrophosphatis... gr. 2 
Quinina; ISisulphatis gr. i 
Strychnina; 

Sulphatis... gr. i/ioo 

Trinitrin (Nitroglycerin), 

gr. 1/200 
,, ,, gr. i/ioo 

gr- 1/50 
,, ,, 0-0005 gm. 

Trinitrin Compound ... 

IJ Trinitrini gr. i/ioo 

Capsicini ... ... gr. 1/200 

Menthol gr. i/ioo 



I to 2 
I 

Used in 
.special cases 
I to 5 
I or more 
I or more 
I or more 
I or more 
I 

1 or more 
I or more 
I to X 



Issued in 



I or more 

I to 2 

I 

I to 2 
I to 2 



oval 
bots. of 

25 



25 
25 



25 



25 
25 
25 
25 
25 



bots. of 



100 



100 



100 

100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 



100 
100 
100 
100 
100 



Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 




Oy 



lyC&id/ 



178 



FORMULARY (ll-' FINE I'KODUCTS 



DOSE 
I to 6 

I to 6 

I to 2 

I or more 
I to 5 
I to 3 

I to 2 



I to 2 or more 



I to 2 



'Tabloid' Brand Products — continued 

'TABLOID' BRAND— 

,, Triunal, gr. 5... 

,, ,, 0-25 gm 

). ,, I gm. 

,, Turpentine Oil, Rectified, min. 
10, (Capsule), boxes of 20 ... 

,, Urotropine, gr. 3 

gr- 5 

0-5 gm 

,. ' Varium ' {Trade Mark) 

(formerly known as ' Tabloid' 
Ovarian Substance^, gr. 5... 

,, Vegetable Laxative {see 
Laxative Vegetable) 

,, Veronal, gr. 5 

,, ,, 0-5 gm., bottles of 25 i to 2 

, , Viburnum Prunifolium Extract, 

gr- 2 I to 5 

,, Vichy Salt, Effervescent, i or more. 
Artificial, tubes of 25 ... as desired 

,, Vichy Salt and Litliium 
Citrate, Effervescent, 
(artificial), tubes of 25 ... i or more. 
In addition to the essential con- as desired 
stituents of Vichy Water, each 
contains Lithium Citrate, 
gr. I. 

,, Vinum Ipecacuanha; {see 
Ipecacuanha Wine) 

,, Warburg Tincture, min. 30... 2 to 8 

5) ,> ,, dr. 2 ... I to 2 

,, Zinc Oxide, gr. 2 ... ... i to 5 

,, Zinc Valerianate, gr. 2 ... i 



Issued in 

hots, of 



oval 
bots. of 

25 

25 
25 



25 
25 
25 



25 



25 



Write the 
Brand 
full, th 



the ^ '(jT^ ' 



100 
100 
100 



ISSUED BY B. W. AND CO. 



179 



lOO 



lOO 



' Tabloid ' Brand Products— coif/nucd Issued in 

oval I bots of 
TABLOID' BRAND— DOSE bots.of|. 

Zinc Valerianate Compound... i — i loo 

IJ Zinci Valerianatis ... gr. i 

Pulv. Rhei ... gr. i 

Ext. Belladonnae ... gr. i/8 

Pulv. Zingiberis ... gr. i 

Zinc Valerianate and Asafetida 

Compound ... 

IJ Zinci Valerianatis ... gr. i 
Asafetidae ... ... gr. i 

Myrrhae gr. 1/2 

Zinc Valerianate with Iron and 

Arsenic 

]J Zinci Valerianatis ... gr. 2 

Ferri Redacti ... gr. i 

Acidi Arseniosi ... gr. 1/60 

E.xt. Gentiana; ... gr. i 

Zingib. Fort. Tinct. (P.B. 
1885) (see Ginger) 

' Tabloid ' Brand Products are also issued in bottles of 500, with 
the exception of those put up in tubes 

Also a wide range of other products issued under the 
' Tabloid ' Brand 

' Tabloid ' Brand Tea provides the most convenient, 
portable and effective means of quickly preparing tea of 
uniform strength. It is the most suitable tea for travellers, 
sportsmen, cyclists, pleasure parties, etc. A tin of 
' Tabloid ' Tea and a bottle of ' Tal)loid ' ' Saxin ' for 
sweetening the infusion may be conveniently carried in the 
waistcoat pocket. 
In enamelled tins containing 100 and 200. 

'Tabloid' Brand Tea, Special Blend, exceptional 

(juality — 
In enamelled tins containing 100 and 200. 



Terebene, Pure (B. W. & Co.) 

I, 2 and 16 fl. oz. bottles 



DO.SE 
5 to 15 min. 



Write the 
Brand in 
full, thus: 



/ ^»-<^^/— ^^ 



180 FORMULARY OF FINF, PRODUCTS 



Test Cases, ' Soloid ' Brand (see Analysis Cases, page ggj 

Towels, Sanitary, Pleated Compressed, ' Tabloid ' 
Brand (see page \t,\ ) 



TUBERCULINS, ZS,^ 'WELLCOME' brand 

The word ' WELLCOME ' is a brand which designates fine 
products issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 

For Diagnosis — 
'WELLCOME' BRAND— 

,, Old Tuberculin (Uuman) /or D/ag/iosis 

(a) I c. c. containing 0-0005 c.c. of Old Tuberculin (Koch) 

(b) I c.c. ,, o-ooi c.c. ,, ,, ,, 

(c) I c.c. ,, 0-005 c.c. ,, ,, ,, 

„ Old Tuberculin (Bovine^ /or Diagnosis 

(a) I c.c. containing 0-0005 ^-c. ofOld Tuberculin (Koch) 
(h) I c.c. ,, o-ooi c.c. ,, ,, ,, 

(c) I c.c. ,, 0-005 c.c. ,, ,, „ 

,, Tuberculin — For Veterinary Diagnosis. 

Phials containing 4 c.c. 

For Treatment — 

„ Tubercle Vaccine (Human), Bacillary Emulsion 

(a) I c.c. containing o-oooi mgm. Tubercle bacilli 

(b) I c.c. ,, 0-0005 ,, ,, ,, 

„ Tubercle Vaccine (Bovine), Bacillary Emulsion 
(a) I c.c. containing o-oooi mgm. Tubercle liacilli 
(B) I c.c. ,, 0-0005 '> 

For Laboratory Tests — 

„ Tubercle Bacilli (Human), killed— 

For Opsonic Estimations 

„ Tubercle Bacilli (Bovine), killed— 

For Opsonic Estimations 

„ Tubercle Bacilli (Human), killed and finely ground— 

For Agglutination Tests 

„ Tubercle Bacilli (Bovine), killed and finely ground— 

For Agglutination Tests 



ISSUED BY B. 



181 



VACCINES, Sf 'WELLCOME' brand 

The word ' Wellcome ' is a brand which designates fine 
products issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. 

\'accine-therapy is now generally approved as a most 
scientific form of treatment of bacterial diseases. Recent 
researches have placed protective and curative 
inoculations upon a sound and more scientific basis, f^^^^^^ °^ 
and the success attained has naturally resulted in researches 
dispelling the uncertainty with which practitioners 
viewed the treatment in its earliest stages, when errors in the 
principle of administration were committed, sometimes with 
disastrous results. 

The success of the immunisation process depends in great 
measure on the composition of the vaccine, its 
dosage and method of administration. ^f success 

'Wellcome' Brand Vaccines are prepared at 
the Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories according 
to the latest and most scientific methods ; being sterile and 
of extreme accuracy of dosage, they are calculated to stimulate 
that elaboration of antibodies which is closely associated with 
successful immunisation. 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 

„ Acne Bacillus Vaccine 

I c.c. containing 10,000,000 organisms 

„ Acne Vaccine, Mixed 

I c.c. containing 10,000,000 acne bacilli and 250,000,000 
staphylococci (mixed) 

„ B. Coli Vaccine 

(a) I c.c. containing 10,000,000 organisms 

(b) I c.c. ,, 50,000,000 ,, 

„ Gonococcus Vaccine 

(a) I c.c. containing 20,000,000 organisms 
(h) I c.c. ,, 200,000,000 ,, 

((■) I c.c. ,, 1,000,000,000 ,, 

„ Pneumococcus Vaccine 

(a) I c.c. containing 10,000,000 organisms 
(h) I c.c. ,, 50,000,000 ,, 



182 FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 



Vaccines, ' Wellcome ' Brand — continued 
'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
„ Staphylococcus Vaccine, Aureus 

(a) I c.c. containing 200,000,000 organisms 

(b) I c.c. ,, 1,000,000,000 ,, 

„ Staphylococcus Vaccine, Mixed 

(a) I c.c. containing 200,000,000 organisms 

(b) I c.c. ,, 1,000,000,000 ,, 

„ Streptococcus Vaccine, Polyvalent 

(a) I c.c. containing 10,000,000 organisms 

(b) I c.c. ,, 50,000,000 ,, 

,, Typhoid Vaccine 

0-5 c.c. containing 500,000,000 organisms 
I c.c. ,, 1,000,000,000 ,, 

I.Z. 'VALOID' BRAND PRODUCTS 

The word 'Valoid' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. To ensure the supply of 
these pure and reliable preparations, this brand should always be 
specified when ordering. 

'VALOID' BRAND— DOSE 

,, Aromatic Cascara Sagrada, 4 fl. oz. bottles 10 to 60 min. 

,, Ergot, 4 fl. oz. bottles 10 to 30 min. 

The strength of each ' Valoid' preparation is indicated on the label 
Various other products a^-e also issued tinder this brand 

?'?? 'VALULE' BRAND PRODUCTS 

The word 'Valule' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. To ensure the supply of 
these pure and reliable preparations, this brand should always be 
specified when ordering. 

'VALULE' BRAND — DOSE 

,, Bone Medulla, gr. 5, bottles of 100 ... i or more 

[See also ' Tabloid ' Bone Medulla, page 149) 

Various other products are also issued tinder this brand 

'VANA' {Trade Mark) Tonic Wine — dose 

In bottles of 16 fl. oz. Haifa wineglassful 



ISSUED BY B. \V. AND CO. 



183 



:.T 'VAPOROLE' BRAND PRODUCTS 

The word ' Vaporole ' is a brand which desig^nates fine pcoducts 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. To ensure the supply of 
these pure and reUable preparations, this brand should always be 
specified when ordering'. 

' Vaporole ' Brand Products present a wide 
range oi medicaments for hypodermic injec- 
tion, or for inhalation. They are 
characterised by purity, reliabihty, Advantages 
accuracy and uniformity of com- .yaporoie' 
position. Those intended for hypo- products 
dermic use have several advantages. 
The solution is sterile and ready for use : 
each product is issued in convenient amounts, 
and thus does not necessitate the bulk, as 
in ordinary preparations, being exposed to 
undesirable atmospheric conditions. 

' Vaporole ' Products for inhalation are 
issued in friable glass capsules enclosed in 
silken sacs. They are compact and portable 
Actual size and are convenient for pocket or purse. 




' VAPOROLE ' BRAND— 

,, Amyl Nitrite, min. 3 and min. 5 (glass 
capsules), Ijoxes of 12 

,, Apomorphine Hydrochloride, 0-005 gm. 
(gr. 1/13), boxes of 10 

,, Aromatic Ammonia (glass capsules), boxes 
of 1 2. For ii.u: as ' ' Smelling Salts " 

,, Atropine Sulphate, 0-0005 gm. (gr. 1/130), 
boxes of 10 

,, Caffeine Sodio-Benzoate, 0-25 gm. (gr. 4), 
boxes of 10 

,, Calomel, 0-05 gm. (gr. 3/4), sterile sus- 
pension in a neutral fatty basis, with 
creosote and camphor, boxes of 10 



DOSE 

I (by inhala- 
tion) 

I (by injec- 
tion) 

I (by inhala- 
tion) 

I (b)' injec- 
tion) 

I (by injec- 
tion) 



I (by injec- 
tion) 



184 FORMULARY OF FINE PRODUCTS 

' Vaporole ' Brand Products— continued 

'VAPOROLE' BRAND— DOSE 

,, Camphor, o-i gm. (gr. 1-1/2), sterilised 

solution in olive oil, boxes of 10 ... i (by injec- 

tion) 

,, Cocaine Hydrochloride, o-oi gm. (gr. 1/6), 

and 0-02 gm. (gr. 1/3), boxes of 10 ... i (by injec- 
tion) 

,, Digitalin (Crystalline), o-oooi gm. 

(gr. 1/650), boxes of 10 I (by injec- 
tion) 

,, ' Ernutin,' min. 10 and o-6 c.c, boxes of 6 i (by injec- 
tion) 

,, Eucaine Lactate, o-oi gm. (gr. 1/6), boxes 

of 10 ... ... ... ... ... I (by injec- 

tion) 

,, Grey Oil, sterile suspension of o-i gm. of 

Hg in a neutral fatty basis, boxes of 10... i (by injec- 
tion) 

,, ' Hemisine,' i in looo, boxes of 10, i c.c. i (Ijy injec- 
tion) 

,, 'Hemisine' and Eucaine Hydrochloride 

boxes of 10 ... ... ... ... I (by injec- 

tion) 

IJ 'Hemisine' o-ooooi6 gm. (gr. 1/400) 

Eucainse Hydrochloridi 0-022 gm. (gr. 1/3) 
Aquam ad i c.c. 

,, Hyoscine Hydrobromide, 0-0005 a'^^- 

(gr. i/i 30), boxes of 10 ... ... ... i (by injec- 
tion) 

,, Iron and Arsenic Solution, Sterilised, 

boxes of 10 I to 3 (by 

injection) 

]J Ferrl Citratis Viridis ... 0-05 gra. (gr. 3/4) 

Sodii Arsenatis 0-002 gm. (gr. 1/32) 

Aquam ... ... ad i c.c. 

,, Morphine Hydrochloride, o-oi gm. (gr. 1/6) 

and 0-02 gm. (gr. 1/3), boxes of 10 ... i (by injec- 
tion) 



ISSUED nv B. W. AND CO. 185 

'Vaporole' Brand Products— coniinueci 

'VAPOROLE ' BRAND— DOSE 

,, Pituitary (Infundibular) Extract, i c.c. = 
0-2 gm. (gr. 3) of fresh posterior lobe of 
the pituitary Ijody, boxes of 6 ... ... i (by injec- 

tion) 
,, Quinine Bihydrochloride, o-2 gm. (gr. 3) 

and 0-4 gm. (gr. 6), boxes of 10 ... i (by injec- 

tion) 
,, Strychnine Sulphate, o-ooi gm. (gr. 1/64) 

and 0-002 gm. (gr. 1/32), boxes of 10 ... i (liy injec- 
tion) 

Varioits other products arc also issued under this hra)id 

' Vereker ' Ammonium Chloride Inhaler 

Delivers neutral fumes of ammonium c]il(H-ide. 

Vulcanite Nozzles 

Curved or straight. For screwing on collapsible tulies. 

Water Analysis, A Simple Metfiod of 

By J. C. THRE.SH, M.D., D.Sc, etc. 

This standard text-book affords all the information necessary 
to enable tho.se with only a small knowledge of analysis to 
perform a chemical examination of a sample of drinldng-water 
by means of ' Soloid ' Brand Water Analj'sis Cases. A chapter 
on the examination of sewage effluents is included. 

Water Analysis Case, 'Soloid' Brand (see pai^v 100^ 

'Wellcome' Brand Products ('.v6v/«^'k 187^ 



Verbal Instructions are not safe. To 
prevent fraud, it is best to write 
prescriptions for original bottles. . . 



'' ' X . /'I r^ -•' ^ 


''~^^ y \ ■ l/\\ ) \ . . I,'~\' 


• ) A X (' ') A y (' ^ 


.,^-7 \ /'' v^^y ^ .. ...... / v-y 


.>L J-V-, 


Trade 'WELLCOME' Mark 


BRAND 

1 Chemicals [ 


-'"^ were awarded -/~\2i 
A GRAND PRIZE I 


r^^ at the r^ 


International Exposition 


St. Louis, 1904 


pi A GRAND PRIZE jT 


/-x atthe ^"v 

';:;;;-7 International Exhibition ^^-y 


Liege, 1905 
A GRAND PRIZE 


at the 


International Exhibition 
1 Milan, 1906 A 


^ - ^ AND [S " 

A GRAND PRIZE 


r^ at the l-X... 


Franco- British Exhibition 


London, igo8 


r 1 


^r-^ J ~V f/''^ J Sc — ^^ 


m/-< .._i—^Ti9-^ r=^ 



.".T 'WELLCOME' BRAND PRODUCTS 

The word ' Wellcome ' is a brand which designates fine products 
issued by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. To ensure the supply of 
these pure and reliable preparations, this brand should always be 
specified when ordering. 

The purity and reliability of drugs are matters of the utmost 
importance to prescriber, dispenser and patient 
alike, and every opportunity should therefore be ^"i^hmt'"^ 
taken to ensure the supply of those chemicals 
wliich are known to be thoroughly genuine and trustworthy. 

In order that goods answering to this description in the 
highest sense may be at the disposal of the profession, 
Burroughs Wellcome & Co. manufacture and issue a series of 
fine chemicals, alkaloids, etc., under the distinctive title of 
the ' Wellcome ' Brand. 

The recognised doses of ' Wellcome ' Brand Chemicals are 
indicated on the labels, and in the body of this 
booklet, in terms of both the Imperial and Metric Doses in 
systems. The limits of dosage given are approxi- an'd^Metric 
mately the same in each system, but exact equiva- weights 
lence has not been attempted, since no useful object 
would be served, and awkward and confusing figures would 
result. 

The new soluble Bismuth Salts and the soluble Iron Arsenate 
are the outcome of investigations conducted in the Wellcome 
Chemical Research Laboratories, and mark a great 
advance in the preparation of scale salts. Particular additions 
attention has also been devoted to the manufacture 
of fine alkaloids, and the standards of purity adopted are 
higher in many instances than those of the United Slates 
Pharnuicop(x;ia. 

•' Wellcome ' Brand Chloroform emVjodies the results of the 
most recent researches, and provides an anesthetic of the 
highest attainable degree of purity and freedom from irritating 
products of decomposition. 



188 ' WELLCOME' BRAND PRODUCTS 



' Wellcome ' Brand Products — coiitinueii 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Aconitine (Pure Alkaloid) 

The pure crystallised alkaloid from Acouihini iiapellns, 
free from pseudaconitine and japaconitine, and from 
the non-toxic aconine and benzaconine. The average 
dose may be considered to be gr. 1/400 (United States 
Pharmacopoeia). As aconitine is such a powerful 
poison, it should be prescribed and dispensed with 
the utmost caution. 

Dose — gr. 1/640 to gr. 1/400 (o-oooi gm. to o-oooi6 gm.) 

Issued ill tubes of gr. 5 {o-2,gi>i.) 

,, Aconitine Hydrobromide 

The most suitable salt of aconitine for therapeutic 
use, being readily soluble in water, perfectly stable, and 
of uniform composition. The remarks as to purity and 
dosage of the alkaloid apply to this salt also. 

Dose — gr. 1/640 to gr. 1/400 (o-oooi gm. to o-oooi6 gm.) 

Issued in tubes of gi: 5 (0-3 gin. ) 

„ Aloin, B.P. 

This is Ijarbaloin, and is free from resin. It is lighter 
in colour and affords a clearer solution than tlie usual 
commercial article. 

Dose — gr. 1/2 to gr. 2 (003 gm. to 013 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3^7;/.) and oz. 4 (113^^'-;;/.) 

,, Aloin, Crystal 

This is 1)arbaloin in well-defined crystals, and is free 
from resin. 

Dose — gr. 1/2 to gr. 2 (0-03 gm. to 0-13 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3^^''w.) and oz. 4 (113^;;/.) 

,, Atropine (Pure Alkaloid), B.P. 

The pure crystallised alkaloid, free from hyoscyamine 
and hyoscine. 

Dose — gr. 1/200 to gr. i/ioo (0-0003 S^i- 'o o-ooo6 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of gr. 60 (3-9 gm.), oz. 1/4 (7 gm.) 
and oz. i (28-3 ^^w.) 

For prices, see separate list 



WELLCOME BRAND FKODUCTS 



189 



Wellcome ' Brand Products— continued 

WELLCOME' BRAND— 

,, Atropine Sulphate 

Prepared from pure atropine. 
Dose — gr. 1/200 to gr. i/ioo (0-0003 g™- to o-ooo6 gin.) 
Issued in bottles of gr. 60 (3-9 gm.), oz. 1/4 (7 gm.) 
and oz. i {2%-t, gDi.) 

,, Berberine Sulphate 

The salt of an alkaloid obtained from Hydrastis 
canadensis. 

Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 5 (0-13 gm. to 0-3 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 ^^w.) 

,, Bismuth and Iron Citrate (Soluble) 

This salt is in the form of yellowish-green scales, 
readily soluble in water. The Bismuth and Iron Citrates 
are combined in this preparation so as to represent 
as nearly as possible equal parts by weight of their 
respective anhydrous salts. 

Dose— gr. 5 to gr. 10 (0-3 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3^'-w.), oz. 4(113^^';;/.) and 
oz. 8 (22T gin.) 

,, Bismuth and Lithium Citrate (Soluble) 

This new combination is in the form of handsome, 
colourless scales, readily soluble in water, and can be 
used when the therapeutic effects of lithium in con- 
junction with those of bismuth are desired. It contains 
in combination an amount of lithium corresponding to 
25-30 per cent, of its weight of anhydrous Lithium 
Citrate. 

Dose— gr. 2 to gr. 5 (0-13 gm. to 0-3 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. I (28-3 gvi. ), i?:. 4 ( 1 1 3 gm.) and 
oz. 8 {2.7.'] gm.) 

,, Bismuth Carbonate, B.P. 

Dose— gr. 5 to gr. 20 (03 gm. to 1-3 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. 8 (227 gm.) and tins of oz. 16 
(454 ^w.) 

For prices, see separate list 



190 ' wei.lcomk' brand products 

' Wellcome ' Brand Products — continued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Bismuth Citrate 

This salt is free from the very common contamination 
of nitrate, and affords a clear solution with Ammonia. 
By the official test it yields 56 to 58 per cent, of bismuth 
oxide. 

Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 5 (0-13 gm. to 0-3 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. 4(113 gm. ) and oz. 8 (227 gut. ) 

,, Bismuth Citrate (Soluble ) 

This is a stable and soluble scale salt, which is very 
freely soluble in water, and yields a bright solution. It 
possesses the great advantage over the usual forms of 
Bismuth and Ammonium Citrate in l)eing stable. It 
does not become insoluble on keeping. It is incompatible 
with acid liquids. 

Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 5 (0-13 gm. to 0-3 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm.), oz. 4(113 gm.) and 
oz. 8 (227 gm.) 

,, Bismuth Oxychloride 

This salt is presented as an exceptionally light and fine 
powder, making it suitable for use for toilet purposes. 

Dose— gr. 5 to gr. 20 (0-3 gm. to 1-3 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. 4 (113^/;;.), oz. 8 (227 gm.) and 
oz. 16 (454 ^.w.) 

,, Bismuth Salicylate ( physiologically f lire) 

This preparation contains the proper proportion of 
bismuth combined with pure salicylic acid, and is uniform 
in composition. 

Dose — gr. 5 to gr. 20 (0-3 gm. to 1-3 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 ^^w.) and oz. 4 (113 o-w.) 

,, Bismuth Subgallate 

This is in a state of very fine powder — a condition 
which renders it eminently suitable for local application. 
Dose — gr. 10 to gr. 20 (0-65 gm. to 1-3 gm.) 
Issued ill bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm. ) and oz. 4 ( 113,^;;/. ) 

For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME' r.RAND PRODUCTS 191- 



' Wellcome ' Brand Products— confinueii 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Bismuth Subnitrate, B.P. 

Dose— gr. 5 to gr. 20 (0-3 gm. to 1-3 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. 8 (227.^^/;/.) and oz. 16 (454.^-///.) 

,, Caffeine, B.P. 

Dose— gr. i to gr. 5 (o-o6 gm. to 0-3 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm. ) and oz. 4(113 g'"- ) 

,, Caffeine Cilrale, B.P. 

Dose— gr. 2 to gr. 10 (0-13 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 ^w.), (^=. 4(113,?-^.) and 
oz. 8 (227 gin.) 

,, Calcium Glycerophosphate 

Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 5 (0-13 gm. to 0-3 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gin. ) and oz. 4(113 gm. ) 

,, Calcium Hypophosphite, B.P. 

Special attention is invited to this salt and to its 
property of dissolving readily in water to form a 
perfectly clear solution. It conforms strictly in all 
respects to the B.P. requirements. 

Dose — gr. 3 to gr. 10 (0-2 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm.), oz. 4 (113 gm.) 
and oz. 8 (227 gin.) 

,, Capsicin 

Dose— gr. 1/8 to gr. 1/4 (o-ooS gm. to 0-015 gm.) 
Issued ift pots of OS. i (28-3,^/«.) 

,, Chloroform 

Prepared specially for anresthesia, and marking an 
important advance in its unvarying reliability. The 
result of the most recent researches is emlwdied in this 
product, which provides an anesthetic of the highest 
quality, free from irritating products of decomposition. 

Dose — min. i to min. 5 (gtt. i to gtt. 5) 

Issued in bottles of oz. 2 (57 gm.), 1/4 lb. {iit, gm.), 
1/2 lb. (227 gin.) and i lb. (454 ,fw.); lOO gm., 500 gm., 
and 1000 gm. ; and in hermetically-sealed tubes of 1/4 lb. , 
Tp c.c. [approx. \ fl. oz.) and 60 c.c. [approx. 2 /?. oz.) 

For prices, see separate list 



192 



WELLCOME BRAND PRODUCTS 



' Wellcome ' Brand Products — continued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Chrysarobin, B. P. 

Issued in bottles of oz. i {2%-T,g/ii.) and oz. 4 (ii3_^'7;/.) 

,, Cocaine ( Ptire Alkaloid), B.P. 

Issued in bottles of oz. 1/8 (3-5, 5^w.)) oz. 1/2 {li^gni.) 
and oz. I {2&-T, gm.) 

,, Cocaine Hydrochloride, B.P. 

Dose — gr. 1/5 to gr. 1/2 (0013 gm. to 0-03 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. 1/8 (2,-SS'"-)^ "z. 1/2 (14 g/j/.) 
and oz. i {28-2 g'n.) 

,, Codeine (P/ne Alkaloid), B.P. 

Dose — gr. 1/4 to gr. 2 (0-015 gm. to 0-13 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of gr. 60 (3-9 gm.), oz. 1/2 (14. <■///.) 
and oz. i (28-3 gm.) 

,, Codeine Phosphate 

Dose — gr. 1/4 to gr. 2 (0-015 gm. to 0-13 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of gr. 60 (3-9 gm.), oz. 1/2 (14 gm.) 
and oz. i (28-3 gm.) 

,, Colarnine Hydrochloride 

This substance is obtained by the oxidation of narco- 
tine, and is free from other oxidation products commonly 
found associated with it. 

Dose — gr. 1/4.10 gr. 1/2 (0-015 gm. to 0-03 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. 1/8 {^-S gm.) and oz. 1/2 {i4.gm.) 

,, Emetine (Pure Alkaloid) 

This is the essential alkaloid of ipecacuanha, and not 
the mixture of alkaloids formerly known as emetine. 

Dose — As an expectorant, gr. 1/200 to gr. 1/50 (0-0003 g™- to 
0-0013 gf".) 
As an emetic, gr. 1/6 to gr. 1/3 (o-oi gm. to 0-02 gm.) 

Issued in tubes of gr. 15 (i gm.) and bottles of 
gr. 60 {3-9 gm.) 

For prices, see separate list 



WELLCOME BRAND PRODUCTS 



193 



'Wellcome' Brand Products— co/iiinued 

^WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Emetine Hydrobromide 

The most suitable salt of emetine for therapeutic use. 
Dose— As an expectorant, gr. 1/200 to gr. 1/50 (00003 gm. to 
0-0013 gm.) 
As an emetic, gr. 1/6 to gr. 1/3 (o-oi gm. to 0-02 gm.) 

Issued in tubes of gr. 15 (l gin.) and bottles of 
gr. 60 {l-<^gin.) 

,, Ergotoxine Phosphate 

issued in tubes containing o-i gin., o-$gin. and I gm. 

,, Eserine Salts (see Physostiginine, page 201 j 

,. Ether (Pure) 

Prepared specially for anresthesia, and conforms to 
the requirements of the British Pharmacopoeia. Specific 
gravity, 0-720. 

Issued in hermetically-scaled tubes of 30 c.c. ( approx. 
if. oz.) and bo c.c. (approx. 2JI. oz. ) 

,, Ethyl Chloride 

Prepared specially for general anresthesia. 

Issued in hermetically -sealed tubes of 2, c.c. and 5 c.c. 

,, Gelsemine Hydrochloride (Gelsemininum Ilydrochloricum 
Cryst. Ger.) 

A salt of the crystallisable alkaloid of Gelsemium 
nitidum. 

Dose — gr. 1/120 to gr. 1/30 (0-0005 gm. to 0-002 gm.) 
Issued in tubes of gr. 5 (0-3 ^w.) and gr. 15 (i gm.) 

,, Guaiacol Camphorate 

Dose — gr. s to gr. 10 (0-3 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. 1/2 (l4^w.) 

,, Haemoglobin 

This is in the form of scales whicli arc readily soluble 
in water. It is prepared under the most careful con- 
ditions from fresh blood, and is free from fibrin, scrum, 
fat and other undesirable constituents. 

UosE — gr. 5 to gr. 20 (0-3 gm. to 1-3 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. I (28-3 gm. ) and oz. 4 (113 gin. ) 

For prices, see separate list 

K 



194 ' WELLCOME ' BUAND I'KODUCTS 

'Wellcome' Brand Products— continued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, riomalropine (Pure Alkaloid ) 

Issued ill tubes of gr. 5 (o-t, gi?i.) 

,, Homatropine Hydrobromide, B.P. 

Recent research on the synthetic tropeines in the 
Wellcome Chemical Research Laboratories has enabled 
this salt of homatropine (mandelyltropeine) to be pre- 
sented in an exceptionally pure form. The importance 
of this high degree of purity is best realised when the 
use of the minute dose of the drug as a mydriatic is 
considered. 

Dose — gr. 1/80 to gr. 1/20 (o-oooS gm. to 0-003 gni') 
Issued ill tubes of gr. 5 (0-3 o-w.) 

,, Homatropine Methylbromide 

Issued ill tubes of gr. 5 {o-T,gin.) 

,, Hydrasline (Pure Alkaloid) 

The crystallised white alkaloid from Hydrastis 
canadensis. 

Dose — gr. 1/4 to gr. i (0-015 gni- 'o 0-06 gm.) 
Issued in tubes of gr. 15 (i gin.) and bottles of oz. I 
(2S-3^v«.) 

,, Hydrastine Hydrochloride 

This salt of the pure white alkaloid is readily soluble 
in water. 

Dose — gr. 1/4 to gr. i (0-015 g'"- ''^ o°6 g>n-) 

Issued in tubes of gr. 15 (i gm.) and bottles oj oz. i 

(28-3 ^^7«.) 

,, Hydrastinine Hydrochloride 

This substance is an oxidation product of the alkaloid 
hydrastine, and is free from those other bases which are 
generally associated with it in its production. 
Dose — gr. 1/4 to gr. 1/2 (0-015 gii- 'o 003 gm.) 
Issued in tubes of gr. 5 (0-3 gni. ) and i gm. 

For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME' BRAND PRODUCTS 195 

' Wellcome ' Brand Products— roftfinuei/ 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Ilyoscine Hydrobromide 

The alkaloid hyoscine has also been designated as 

scopolamine, with reference to its source. The name 

recognised by the British Pharmacopceia is here adopted. 

Dose — gr. 1/200 to gr. 1/100(0-0003 gm. to 00006 gm.) 

Issued in tubes of gr. 15(1 gm.) and bottles 0/ gr. 60 

[3-9 gm-) 

,, Ilyoscyamine (Pure Alkaloid) 

This alkaloid is free from atropine and hyoscine. 
Dose — gr. 1/200 to gr. i/ioo (00003 §"i- 'o o-ooo6 gra.) 
Issued in tubes of gr. 5 [o-t, g/ii.) and gr. 15 ( I g>n.) 

,, Hyi).scyamine Sulphate 

Dose — gr. 1/200 to gr. i/ioo (00003 S"^- '° o-ooo6 gm.) 
Issued in tubes of gr. 5 (0-3 gm. ) and gr. 15(1 gi//. ) 

,. Ipecacuanha sine Emetina 

This is ipecacuanha from which the emetic principles 
have been extracted. It is practically free from alkaloid. 

Dose — gr. 10 to gr. 30 (0-65 gm. to 2 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3,^'-w.) and oz. 4 (iij.o-w.) 

,, Iridin ( l'",\t. Iridis .Siccuni) 

Prepared from the carefully selected genuine drug, Iris 
versicolor. 

Dose — gr. i to gr. 5 (o-o6 gm. to 0-3 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of 02. i (28-3 gm.), oz. 4 (113 gin.) 
and oz. 8 (227 gm.) 

,, Iron and Annnoniuni Clitrate, 1!. P. 

Dose— gr. 5 to gr. lo (0-3 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. 4 ( 1 13 ^o-w. ), oz. 8 (227 gm. ) and 
oz. 16 (454 ^!;w) 

For prices, see separate list 



196 ' WELLCOME' BRAND PRODUCTS 



'Wellcome' Brand Products— coniinued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND- 
,, Iron and Ammonium Citrate (Green) 

This preparation differs slightly in composition from 
the official citrate, and contains about 15 per cent, of iron. 
It is readily soluble in water, affording a bright green 
solution. 

Dose — gr. 5 to gr. 10 (03 gm. to 065 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3^;;/.), oz. 4 (ii3_<;'w.) and 
OS. 8 (227 g»i.) 

,, Iron and Quinine Citrate, B. P. 

Dose — gr. 5 togr. 10 (0-3 gin. to 0-65 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. I (28-3 gm.), oz. 4 (113 gm.), 
oz. 8 (227 o'w.) and oz. 16 {^^\gm.) 

,, Iron Arsenate (Soluble) 

This product is in handsome green scales, and contains 
an amount of arsenic equivalent to 34-35 per cent, of 
anhydrous ferric arsenate. 

Dose — gr. 1/16 to gr. 1/4 (0004 gm. to 0015 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of OZ. i (28-3 ^v;/.) 

,, Iron Glycerophosphate 

In handsome scales, readily soluble in warm water. 
Dose — gr. 3 to gr. 6 (0-2 gm. to 0-4 gm.) 
Issuedin bottles of oz. i (28-3^/;/. ) and oz. 4 (ii3^w.) 

,, Iron Hypophosphite (Soluble) 

This preparation is in handsome greenish scales, and is 
distinguished from the ordinary iron hypophosphite by its 
ready solubility in water. It contains about 12 per cent, 
of iron. 

Dose — gr. i to gr. 5 (006 gm. to 0-3 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 ^?w.), oz. 4 (113 g>".) 
and oz. 8 {22^ gm.) 

,, Iron Phosphate (Soluble) 

This is a soluble ferric phosphate, in the form of bright 

For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME' BRAND PRODUCTS 197 

' Wellcome ' Brand Products— confiutted 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 

green scales, and corresponds to the preparation 
recognised by the United States Pharmacopoeia. 
Dose — gr. 5 to gr. 10 (0-3 gin. to 0-65 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 ^'w.), oz. 4 {\\t, gm.) 
and oz. 8 {22y gni.) 

., Iron Pyrophosphate (Soluble) 

This is a soluble ferric pyrophosphate, in the form 
of green scales, and corresponds to the preparation 
recognised by the United States Pharmacopoeia. 

Dose — gr. 5 to gr. 10 (0-3 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gnt. ), (33. 4 ( 1 13 gm. ) and 
oz. 8 [22J gm.) 

,, Leptandrin 

The true resinous principle of Veronica virginica 
( Leptandra viiginica), as distinguished from much of 
the leptandrin of commerce, which is merely an extract. 

Dose — gr. 1/4 to gr. 2 (0015 gm. to 0-13 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm.), oz. 4 (113 gm.) 
and oz. 8 (227 gm. ) 

,, Lithium Benzoate 

DosH — gr. 5 to gr. 10 (0-3 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. \ (28-3 i^m.) and oz. 4 (113^'-^.) 

,, Lithium Citrate 

Dose — gr. 5 to gr. 10 (0-3 gm. to 065 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 ^--w.), oz. 4 (113 gm.), 
oz. 8 (22y g>n.) and oz. 16 (454 .^^w.) 

,, Lilhiuni [•'ormate 

Dose— gr. 5 to gr. 10 (0-3 gm. to 065 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of OZ. i (28-3^///.) 

,, Lithium Salicylate (physiologically pure) 
Dose— gr. 5 to gr. 10(0-3 gm. 100-65 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. I (2%-t, gm.), oz. 4 (113 gm.) 
and OZ. 8 (227 gm.) 

For prices, see separate list 



198 ' WELLCOME' BRAND PRODUCTS 

'Wellcome' Brand Products — continued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Magnesium Glycerophosphate 

Dose — gr. 3 to gr. 10 (0-2 gm. to 065 gm.) 

Issued hi baffles of oz. i (28-3 ^w.) and oz. 4 (113 _§•/«.) 

,, Manganese and Iron Citrate (Soluble) 

This is a scale salt, readily soluble in water. It 
contains about 7 per cent, of manganese and 14 per cent, 
of iron in organic combination. 

Dose — gr. 3 to gr. 10 (0-2 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 

Issued ill baffles of oz. i (28-3 gm.), oz. 4 {wt, gm.), 
oz. 8 {221 gm.) and oz. 16 (454^7;/.) 

,, Manganese and Iron Citrate with Arsenic (Soluble) 

This preparation contains 0-5 per cent, of arsenious 

anhydride, but is otherwise identical witli Manganese 

and Iron Citrate (Soluble). 

Dose — gr. 3 to gr. 10 (0-2 gm. to 065 gm.) 

Issued in baffles of oz. i (28-3 gm. ) and oz. 4(113 gm. ) 

,, Manganese and Iron Citrate with Quinine (Soluble ) 

This preparation contains 15 per cent, of quinine, but 

is otherwise identical with Manganese and Iron Citrate 

(Soluble). 

Dose — gr. 3 to gr. 10 (0-2 gm. to 005 gm.) 

Issued in baffles of oz. i (28-3 gm. ) and oz. 4 (113 gm. ) 

,, Manganese and Iron Citrate with Strychnine (Soluble) 

This preparation contains I per cent, of strychnine, but 

is otherwise identical with Manganese and Iron Citrate 

(Soluble). 

Dose — gr. i to gr. 3 (o-o6 gm. to 0-2 gm.) 

Issued in baffles of oz. I (28-3 gm. ) and (?;. 4 (i 13 gm. ) 

,, Manganese and Iron Phosphate (Soluble) 

This scale salt dissolves readily in warm water. It 
contains about 7 per cent, of manganese and 14 per cent, 
of iron. 

Dose — gr. 3 to gr. 10 (0-2 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 

Issued in baffles of oz. 1 (28-3 gm.), oz. 4 (113 gm.), 
oz. 8 {2T] gm.) and oz. 16 (454 ^'■///.) 

For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME* BRAND PRODUCTS 199 



'Wellcome' Brand Products— continued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Manganese Citrate (Soluble) 

This preparation is in the form of handsome, nearly 
colourless scales, which are readily soluble in water. It 
contains about 12 per cent, of manganese in organic 
combination. 

Dose — gr. 3 to gr. 10 (0-2 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 

Issued ill bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm.) and oz. 4 (113 gm.) 

,, Manganese Hypophosphile 

Dose — gr. i to gr. 10 (o-o6 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm. ) and oz. 4 (113 gm. ) 

,, Manganese Peroxide (Pure) 

Contains approximately 85 per cent, of manganese 
peroxide, MnO„. 

Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 10 (0-13 gm. to 065 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3^^.) and oz. 4 (113^///.) 

,, Mercuric Potassium Iodide (Soluble) 

Dose — gr. 1/12 to gr. 1/3 (0-005 g™- to 0'02 gm.) 

Isstied in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm. ) and oz. 4(113 gm. ) 

,, Mercury Iodide, Red, B. P. (Mercuric Iodide) 
Dose — gr. 1/32 to gr. 1/16 (0-002 gm. to 0-004 gm-) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm.), oz. 4 (113^;//.), 
oz. 8 {2.2'] gm.) and oz. 16 (454 ^vw.) 

,, Mercury Iodide, \'ellow (Pure Mercurous Iodide) 

A true mercurous iodide of definite and constant 
composition. Contains no free mercury. 
Dose — gr. 1/8 to gr. i (0-008 gm. to o-o6 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 ,>,'-w.) 

,, Mercury Oleate 

This preparation contains an amount of mercury 
equivalent lo 20 per cent, of mercuric oxide. 

Issued in pots of oz. i (28-3 g'u.), oz. 4 (113 gtn.) 
and oz. 8 (227 gm.) 

For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME' BRAND PRODUCTS 



'Wellcome' Brand Products—conh'nued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Mercury Oxide, Yellow, B.P. 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm.') ami ^s. 4 (i 13 gm.) 

,, Mercury Subchloride, B.P. (Calomel) 

This drug is of uniform physical character, being 
prepared by sublimation. It is free from mercuric 
chloride and other contaminations, and therefore exhibits 
the desired uniformity of action. 

Dose — gr. 1/2 to gr. 5 (0-03 gm. to 0-3 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. 4 (113 "-w.), oz. 8 (227 gm.) and 
oz. 16 (454 o-/«.) 

,, Morphine Acetate, B.P. 

Dose — gr. i;8 to gr. 1/2 (oooS gm. to 0-03 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. 1/8 (3-5, fw.), oz. ijz {i^ gm.), 
oz. I (2S-T,g»i.) and OZ. 4 (ii3^w.) 

,, Morphine Hydrochloride, B.P. 

Dose — gr. 1/8 to gr. 1/2 (o-oo8 gm. to 0-03 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. 1/8 (3-5, fw.), oz. 1/2 (14.^^.), 
OZ. I (28-3. fw.), oz. 4 (ii3.^w.) and oz. 8 [22"] gm.) 

,, Morphine Sulphate 

Dose — gr. 1/8 to gr. 1/2 (o-oo8 gm. to 0-03 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. 1/8 (3-5 j'-w.), oz. 1/2 {14 gm.), 
oz. I (28-3 ^w.), oz. 4 (ii3^"-w.) and oz. 8 {227 gm.) 

,, Morphine Tartrate, B.P. 

This -salt conforms strictly to the requirements of the 

British Pharmacopceia. 

Dose — gr. i/S to gr. 1/2 (oooS gm. to 003 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. 1/2 (14,;^.), oz. i (28-3 gm.) 

and oz. 4 (li3,^w.) 

,, Pelletierine Tannate 

An amorphous product. Prepared from the total 
alkaloids of pomegranate bark. 

Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 8 (0-13 gm. to 05 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of p\ 60 {t,-^ gf'i-) 
For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME ' liRAND PRODUCTS 201 

'Wellcome' Brand Products — contimied 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, I'hysostigmine (Pure Alkaloid) 

Issued in tubes of gr. 2 (o-i3^w.) and gr. 5 (0-3^;//.) 

,, rhysostigmine Hydrobromide (Eserine Hydrobromide) 
Dose — gr. 1/60 to gr. 1/20 (o-ooi gm. to 0-003 gni-) 
Issued in tubes of gr. 5 (0-3 ;>•;//.) and gr. 15 (i gm.) 

„ Physostigmine Salicylate (Eserine Salicylate) 

Dose — gr. 1/60 to gr. 1/20 (o-ooi gm. to 0-003 gm.) 

Issued in tubes of gr. 5 {o-;^g>/i.) and gr. 15 (i g>n.) 

., Physostigmine Sulphate (Eserine Sulpliate), B. P. 
Dose — gr. 1/60 to gr. 1/20 (o-ooi gm. to 0-003 g'"-) 
Issued in tubes of gr. i (o-o6^ gm. J, gr. 2 (o-i;^gm.) 
andgr. 5 {p-igm.) 

,, Pilocarpine Hydrochloride 

The ' Wellcome ' Brand salts of pilocarpine are free 
from the less active isopilocarpine and the inactive 
pilocarpidine. Their purity is guaranteed by their 
respective melting points, which are indicated on each 
package. 

Dose — gr. 1/20 to gr. 1/2 (0-003 S'^- '° 0-03 gm.) 
Issued in tttbes of gr. i^(igm.) ; and in bottles of gr. 60 
(3-9, f'w-)- <'2- 1/2 {14 S''"-) and OS. 1 (28-3 ^c-w.) 

,, Pilocarpine Nitrate, B.P. 

This salt of pilocarpine is stable, and is the one best 

adapted for general use. 

Dose — gr. 1/20 to gr. 1/2 (0-003 §'". to 0-03 gm.) 

Issued in tubes of gr. 15(1 gm. ) ; and in bottles of gr. 60 

(3'9.f'-)' °^- '/2 {^A g"^-) and oz. 1 (28-3 ^^;«.) 

,, Piperine 

Tlie pure, crystallised alkaloid of black pepper. 
Dose — gr. i to gr. 5 (o-o6 gm. to 0-3 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of OS. I (2S-3,;'v;7. ) 

For prices, see separate list 



202 ' WELLCOME' BUAND PRODUCTS 

'Wellcome' Brand Products— cc«/?«J<^rf 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Podophyllin (rodophylli Resina, P.B. ) 

Prepared strictly in accordance with the official method, 
from a carefully-selected drug. 

Dose — gr. 1/4 to gr. i (0-015 gni. to o-o6 gm.) 
Issued ill bottles of os. i {2%-T, gm.), oz. 4 (113 gin. 
and oz. 8 (227 ^w.) 

,, Potassium Glycerophosphate 

A syrupy liquid containing 50 per cent, of anhydrous 
potassium glycerophosphate. 

Dose — gr. 3 to gr. 8 (0-2 gm. to 0-5 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. I {2.%-igiii.) and oz. 4 (113,^///.) 

,, Potassium Hypophosphite 

Dose — gr. i to gr. 6 (006 gm. to 0-4 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i {22>-2g'n.) and oz. 4 (113^;;/.) 

,, Quinine Acetyl-salicylate 

This product combines the therapeutic effects of 
quinine with those of acetyl-salicylic acid. 
Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 5 (0-13 gm. to 0-3 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gni.) 

,, (Quinine Bihydrochloride 

Dose — gr. i to gr. 10 (o-o6 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3, ^w.) 

,, Quinine Bisulphate 

This salt, being readily soluble in water (i in 10), is 
more convenient for many purposes than the insoluble 
official sulphate. 

Dose — gr. i to gr. 10 (o-o6 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. I (28-3 gm. ) and oz. 4(113 gm. ) 

,, Quinine Hydrobromide 

Dose — gr. i to gr. 10 (o-o6 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 ,fw.) and oz. 4 {iilgm.) 

,, Quinine Hydrochloride 

Dose — gr. i to gr. 10 (o-o6 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm. ) and oz. 4(113 gin. ) 

For prices, see separate list 



' Wellcome' brand products 203 



'Wellcome' Brand Products— coKj'/Vnr^rt' 
'WELLCOME' BRAND - 
,, Quinine Hypophosphite 

Dose— gr. i to gr. 3 (o-o6 gm. to 0-2 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i {z'i,-}, gm.) 

,, Quinine Lactate 

Dose— gr. i to gr. 5 (o-o6 gm. to 0-3 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 ^w.) 

,, Quinine Phosphate 

Dose— gr. i to gr. 10 (o-o6 gm. to 065 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm.) 

,, Quinine Quinate 

Dose— gr. i to gr. 10 (o-o6 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm.) 

,, Quinine Salicylate 

Prepared from physiologically pure .salicylic acid. 

Dose— gr. 2 to gr. 6 (0-13 gm. to 04 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 ^^w.) and oz. 4 (ii3^w.) 

., Quinine Sulphate 

This salt is presented in a more compact form of 
crystals than that usually supplied, but is identical in 
composition with the official .salt. It is believed that 
its diminished bulk will render it more convenient for 
storage and dispensing. 

When ordering Quinine Sulphate, please indicate 
whether " compact"' or "large flake" is required. 

Dose— gr. i to gr. io(o-o6 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i [2%-t, gin.) and oz. 4(113.^';;;.) ; 
also in tins of oz. 25 {^Of) gm.) and oz. 100 (2835 ^w.) 

,, Quinine Sulphate (Large Flake) 

This is the official salt in the usual bulky form of light 
feathery crystals. We recommend in preference the 
compact crystals, which occupy one-third the space, as 
being more portable and convenient. 

For prices, see separate list 



204 



WELLCOME BRAND PRODUCTS 



' Wellcome ' Brand Products— coni/nued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 

When ordering Quinine Sulphate, please indicate 
whether "compact" or "large flake" is required. 

Dose — gr. i to gr. lo (006 gm. to 065 gm.) 

Issued hi bottles of oz. if^ (7 gm.), oz. 1/2 (14^;;/.) 
aiid oz. I (28-3 ^i.) ; and in tins of oz. 4 (113 ^«.) ; also 
in tins of oz. 25 (709 j^w.) and oz. 100 (2835 _^w.) 

,, Scammony Resin, B. P. 

This resin is issued in the form of a fine, light-coloured 
powder, which is specially convenient for dispensing. 
Dose — gr. 3 to gr. 8 (02 gm. to 05 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm. ) and oz. 4 (113 gm. ) 

,, Sodium Formate 

Dose — gr. 5 to gr. lo (0-3 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3.o-w. ) 

,, Sodium Glycerophosphate 

This is presented in the form of colourless crystalline 
flakes, which are permanent in the air. 
Dose— gr. 2 to gr. 5 (0-13 gm. to 03 gm.) 
Issued iti bottles of oz. i (28'3^w.) and oz. 4 (ii3_^«.) 

,, Sodium Hypophosphite (Pure Crystals) 

In colourless transparent crystals containing one 
molecule of water of crystallisation. It is free from 
phosphate and phosphite. 

Dose — gr. 3 to gr. 10 (02 gm. to 0-65 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (2?>-t, gm.), oz. 4 (113 gut.) 
and oz. 8 [22^ gm.) 

,, Sodium Salicylate, B. P. ( physiologically pure ) 

This salt is issued in "powder" and in "flake." 
When ordering, please indicate which is required. 

Dose — gr. 10 togr. 30 (0-65 gm. to 2 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. 4 (113 gm.), oz. 8 (227 gm.) 
and OS. 16 (/^^^ gm.) 

For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME' BRAND PRODUCTS 205 

' Wellcome ' Brand ProAucts— continued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Sodium Salicylate (Natural) 

Prepared from genuine oil of wintergreen. 

Dose — gr. lo to gr. 30 (0-65 gm. to 2 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. I (28-3 gm. ) and oz. 4(113 gm. ) 

,, Sparteine Sulphate 

Dose — gr. 1/2 to gr. i (0-03 gm. to o-o6 gm.) 
Issued ill bottles of oz. i (28-3.fw.) 

,, Strophanthin 

Issued in tubes of gr. 5 (0-3 gm.) and I gm. 

,, Strychnine (Pure Alkaloid), B.P. 

Dose — gr. 1/60 to gr. 1/15 (o-ooi gm. to 0004 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm.) 

,, Strychnine Hydrochloride, B.P. 

Dose — gr. 1/60 to gr. 1/15 (o-ooi gm. to 0-004 g™-) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm.) 

EXTRACTS, r:.\ 'WELLCOME' brand 

' Wellcome ' Brand Extracts are prepared from specially 
selected drugs of the highest quality, carefully picked over 
before treatment. The exceptional plant which has been 
installed for dealing with preparations of this class enables 
Burroughs Wellcome & Co. to offer a series of extracts of 
unparalleled excellence. 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Aloes, B. P. , Extract of Barbados 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Dose — gr. i to gr. 4 (o-o6 gm. to 0-25 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. 4 ( 1 1 3 gm. ) and oz. 8 (227 gm. ) 

,, Belladonna, B.P., Alcoholic Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method, and is standardised to contain i per 
cent, of total alkaloid. 

Dose — gr. 1/4 to gr. i (0-015 gm. to 0-06 gm.) 

' Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 ;>•«/.) and oz. 4 {w^gm.) 

For prices, see separate list 



206 



WELLCOME BRAND PRODUCT 



' Wellcome ' Brand Products— continued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Belladonna, B. P., Green Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method, but is standardised to contain i per 
cent, of total alkaloid. 

Dose — gr. 1/4 to gr. i (0-015 g™- to o-o6 gm.) 

Issued ill pots of oz. I {zZ-t, gm.) and oz. 4(ii3^'-w.) 

,, Cannabis Indica, B. P., Extract of (Physiologically Con- 
trolled, Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories) 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Dose — gr. 1/4 to gr. i (0015 gm. to o-o6 gm.) 

Issued in pots of oz. i (28-3 gin. ) and oz. 4(113 gin. ) 

,, Cascara Sagrada, B. P. , Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 8 (0-13 gm. to 05 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. 4 (113 gin.) and oz. 8 (227 gin.) 

,, Colchicum, B. P., Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Dose — gr. 1/4 to gr. i (0-015 gm- to o-o6 gm.) 

Issued in pots of oz. i (28-3 gin. ) and (73. 4 ( 1 13 gin. ) 

,, Colocynth, Powdered Compound Extract of 

This preparation corresponds to the B. P. Extract. 

Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 8 (0-13 gm. to 0-5 gm.) 

Issued in bottles ^(7S. 4 ( 1 13 gm. ) and oz. 8 (227 gm. ) 

,, Ergot, B.P., Extract of (Ergotin) 

( Made from ergot physiologically tested in the Wellcome 
Physiological Research Laboratories ) 

The ergot is carefully hand-picked and freed from all 
foreign matter. The extract has a pure characteristic 

For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME ' BRAND PRODUCTS 207 

' Wellcome ' Brand Products— conttnued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 

odour, and is free from the objectionable properties 
sometimes imparted by the use of excessive heat. 
Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 8 (0-13 gm. to 0-5 gm.) 
Issued in pots of oz. i {q&-t, gin.) 

,, Euonymus, B.P., Dry Extract of (Euonymin) 

Prepared from the true drug, Eiioiiyiniis atropiir- 
pureiis, carefully picked over by hand before extraction. 
Dose — gr. i to gr. 2 (o-o6 gm. to 0-13 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gm. ), oz. 4 (113 gin. ) and 
oz. 8 (227 gill.) 

,, Gentian, B. P. , Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Dose — gr. 2 to gr. S (0-13 gm. to 05 gm.) 

Issued in pots of oz. 4(113 gm. ) and oz. 8 (227 gm. ) 

,, Hyoscyamus, B.P. , Green Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method, but is standardised to contain o-2 per 
cent, of total alkaloid. 

DosE^gr. 2 to gr. 8 (0-13 gm. to 05 gm.) 

Issued in pots of oz. i (28-3 gm. ) and oz. 4(113 gm. ) 

,, Jalap, Powdered Extract of 

This preparation corresponds to the B. P. Extract. 

Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 8 (0-13 gm. to 0-5 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gin. ) and oz. 4 (113 gm. ) 

,, Liquorice, B.P. , Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Issued in pots of oz. 4 (113 gm. ) and oz. 8 (227 gm. ) 

,, Taraxacum, B. P. , Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Dose — gr. 5 to gr. 15 (0-3 gm. to i gm.) 
Issued in pots of oz. 4 (113 gin. ) and oz. 8 (227 gm. ) 

For prices, see separate list 



208 ' Wellcome' hrand products 



STANDARDISED GRANULAR EXTRACTS 
T,S^ 'WELLCOME' brand 

' Wellcome ' Brand Granular Extracts possess many advan- 
tages over the usual form of solid extracts. They are uniform 
and reliable, and more convenient for dispensing than the 
ordinary soft extracts. 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Belladonna (Green), Standardised Granular Extract of 

This preparation corresponds to the B.P. Extract, ])ut 
is standardised to contain i per cent, of total alkaloid. 
Dose — gr. 1/4 to gr. i (0-015 gm. to 006 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. I (28-3 ^v;/.) 

,, Cascara Sagrada, Granular Extract of 

This preparation corresponds to the B.P. Extract. 

Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 8 (0-13 gm. to 0-5 gm.) 

Issued in bottles of oz. I (28-3 gm. ) and vz. 4(113 gm. ) 

,, Ergot, Granular Extract of 

( Made from ergot physiologically tested in the U'ell(o;nc 
Physiological Research Laboratories) 

This preparation corresponds to the B.P. Extract. 
Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 8 (013 gm. to 0-5 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (2S-3_^'-w.) 

,, Hyoscyamus, Standardised Granular Extract of 

This preparation corresponds to the B.P. Extract, Init 
is standardised to contain o-2 per cent, of total alkaloid. 
Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 8 (0-13 gm. to 0-5 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 gin. ) 

,, Nux Vomica, Standardised Granular Extract of 

This preparation corresponds to the B.P. Extract, and 
contains 5 per cent, of strychnine. 

Dose — gr. 1/4 to gr. i (0015 gm. to o-o6 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3 g>u. ) 
For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME ' BRAND PRODUCTS 209 

'Wellcome' Brand Products — continued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Opium, Standardised Granular Extract of 

This preparati(in corresponds to the B. P. Extract, and 
contains 20 per cent, of morphine. 

Dose — gr. 1/4 to gr. i (0-015 gm. to o-o6 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of oz. i (28-3^;;/.) 

,, Rhubarb, Granular Extract of 

This preparation is made V)y a special process, whereby 
the full therapeutic value of the rhubarb is retained. 
Dose — gr. 2 to gr. 6 (0-13 gm. to 04 gm.) 
Issued in bottles of 0-z. I (28-3, "'w.) 

STANDARDISED LIQUID EXTRACTS 
^mI^I 'WELLCOME' brand 

These are standardised to represent definite quantities, not 
of total alkaloids, but of the active principle of the drug so far 
as possible. With the exception of the B. P. preparations, 
which are prepared strictly according to the official directions, 
they are made by a special process embodying the latest 
researches on the subject. The miscible liquid extracts mix 
clear with water, and on this account may be employed with 
advantage when the ordinary liquid extracts would prove quite 
unsuitaVjle. The reliability and uniformity of ' Wellcome ' 
Brand Standardised Liquid Extracts commend them fur both 
prescribing and dispensing. 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Aconite, Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is standardised to contain o-i gm. 
of ether-soluble alkaloid in 100 c.c. of extract. One 
part by volume represents one part by weight of 
standard drug. 

Dose — min. 1/4 to min. i (gtt. 1/4 to gtt. i) 

Issued in bottles offl. i?.':. 4 (114 r.r. ),y7. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
and fl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

For prices, see separate list 



210 ' WELLCOME ' URAND PRODUCTS 

' Wellcome ' Brand Products — continued 

'WELLCOME' iKAND— 
,, Belladonna, B. P. , Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
ofticial method, and is standardised to contain o-']z^ gm. 
of total alkaloid in lOO c.c. of extract. 
Dose — min. 1/3 to min. i (gtt. 1/3 to gtt. i) 
Issued in bottles off., oz. 4 (114 ,\c.),f. oz. 8 (227 i.e.) 
and fl. oz. 16 (455 cc.) 

,, Calabar Bean, Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made by a special process, and is 
standardised to contain 0-15 gm. of total alkaloid in 
100 c.c. of extract. One part by volume represents one 
part by weight of standard drug. 

Dose — min. i to min. 4 (gtt. i to gtt. 4) 

Issued in bottles off. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),f. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Cascara Sagrada, Aromatic Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made by a special process, is 
palatable and aromatic, and possesses the full activity 
of the official liquid extract, but contains less inert 
extractive. 

It may be diluted witli water without precipitating, 
and it does not deposit on keeping. 

Dose — min. 30 to min. 60 (i-8 c.c. to 3-5 c.ir. 

Issued in bottles of fl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Cascara Sagrada, B.P. , Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Dose — min. 30 to min. 60 (i-8 c.c. to 3-5 c.c.) 

Issued in bottles off. oz. 4 (114 c.c), fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
and fl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Cascara Sagrada, Glycerinatcd Liquid Extract of 
Dose — min. 30 to min. 60 (i-8 c.c. to 3'5 c.c.) 
Issued in bottles of fl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Cinchona, B.P. , Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME' URANIl PRODUCTS 211 



' Wellcome ' Brand Products— coniinned 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 

official method, and is standardised to contain 5 gm. of 
total alkaloid in 100 c.c. of extract. 
Dose— min. 5 to min. 15 (gtt. 5 to 09 c.c.) 
Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 f ■<■■), Ji- oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
and fl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

„ Cinchona (Miscible), Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made b)' a special process, and is 
standardised to contain 5 gm. of total alkaloid in 100 c.c. 
of extract. 

Dose— rnin. 5 to min. 15 (gtt. 5 to og c.c.) 
Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 '-•''■), fl- oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
aiidfl. oz. 16 (455 i.e.) 

„ Coca, B.P., Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method, but is standardised to contain 0-5 gm. 
of petroleum-elher-soluble alkaloid in 100 c.c. of extract. 
One part by volume represents one part by weight of 
standard drug. 

Dose— mill. 30 to min. 60 (i-S c.c. to 3-5 c.c.) 

Issued in bottles offl. (?s. 4 (114 c.c.),fl. oz. 8 (227 r.r.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 
,, Coca (Miscible), Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made by a special process, and is 
standardised to contain 0-5 gm. of petroleum-ether-soluble 
alkaloid in 100 c.c. of extract. One part by volume 
represents one part by weight of standard drug. 

Dose— min. 30 to min. 60 (i-8 c.c. to 3-5 c.c.) 

Issued in bottles of fl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),fl. oz. 8 (227 <.<■.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Colchicum Seeds, Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is standardised to contain 0-5 gm. of 
colchicine in 100 c.c. of extract. One part Ijy volume 
represents one part by weight of standard drug. 

Dose— min. i to min. 3 (gtt. i to gtt. 3) 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 '•'••)./• O"- 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

For prices, see separate list 



212 



WELLCOME BRAND PROnUCTS 



' Wellcome ' Brand Products— c<'>tfinueri 

'WELLCOME' BRAM — 
,, Ergot, B.P., Liquid Extract of 

(Made from ergot physiologically tested in the 
Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories ) 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Dose — min. lo to min. 30 (00 c.c. to i-8 c.c.) 

Is Sited in bottles ofjl. oz. 4 (114 c.c), fl. oz. 8 (227 r.r.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Gelsemium, Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is standardised to contain o-i gm. of 
gelsemine in 100 c.c. of extract. One part by volume 
represents one part by weight of standard drug. 

Dose — min. i to min. 3 (gtt. i to gtt. 3) 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4(114 c.c. ), fl. oz. ?> (22J c.c.) 
andjl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Hamamelis, B.P., Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Dose — min. 5 to min. 15 (gtt. 5 to 09 c.c.) 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),fl. oz. 8 (22J c.c.) 
andfl. OS. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Hydrastis, B.P., Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method, but is standardised to contain 2-5 gm. of 
hydrastine in 100 c.c. of extract. One part by volume 
represents one part by weight of standard drug. 

Dose — min. 5 to min. 15 (gtt. 5 to 0-9 c.c.) 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME' BRAND PRODUCTS 213 

' Wellcome ' Brand Products— <:ouf/)iuei/ 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 

« 

,, Hyoscyamus, Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is standardised to contain o- 1 gm. of 
total alkaloid in lOO c.c. of extract. One part by volume 
represents one part by weight of standard drug. 

Dose — min. 3 to min. 10 (gtt. 3 to o-6 c.c.) 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 e.c.),Jl. oz. 8 (227 e.c.) 
andjl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Hyoscyamus (Miscible), Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is standardised to contain o- 1 gm. of 
total alkaloid in 100 c.c. of extract. One part by volume 
represents one part by weight of standard drug. 

Dose — min. 3 to min. 10 (gtt. 3 to o-6 c.c.) 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 e.e.),fl. oz. 8 (227 e.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Ipecacuanha, B. P., Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according tc the 
official method, and is standardised to contain from 2 gm. 
to 2-25 gm. of total alkaloid in 100 c.c. of extract. 

Dose — As an expectorant, min. t 2 to min. 2 (gtt. 1/2 to gtt. 2) 
As an emetic, min. 15 to min. 20(0-9 ''■^- "^ •'- c.c.) 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c), fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 r.r. ) 

,, Jaborandi (Miscil)le), Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made by a special process, and is 
.standardised to contain 0-5 gm. of pilocarpine in 100 c.c. 
of extract. One part by volume represents one part b_\- 
weight of standard drug. 

Dose — min. 5 to min. 15 (gtt. 5 to o-g c.c.) 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c), /I. oz. 8 (227 c.c) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

For prices, see separate list 



21i ' WELLCOME* BRAND PRODUCTS 



'Wellcome' Brand Products— coniiuued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Nux Vomica, B. P., Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method, and is standardised to contain 1-5 gm. of 
strychnine in 100 c.c. of extract. 
Dose — min. i to niin. 3 (gtt. i to gtt. 3) 

Issued m bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 <-.c\), fl. oz. 8 (227 cc.) 
andjl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Opium, B. P., Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method, and is standardised to contain 0-75 gm. 
of morphine in 100 c.c. of extract. 

Dose — min. s to min. 30 (gtt. 5 to i-8 c.c.) 

Issued ill bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c), fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Opium (Miscil)le), Liquid Extract of 

Tliis preparation is made by a special process by which 
the narcotine is removed, and the extract rendered 
miscible with water. It is standardised to contain 
075 gm- of morphine in 100 c.c. of extract, and is 
identical in strength with the B. P. preparation. 

Dose — min. 5 to min. 30 (gtt. 5 to i-S c.c.) 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c), //. oz. 8 (227 (•.<;■.) 
and fl. oz. 16 (455 (•.(•.) 

,, Sarsaparilla, B. P., Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Dose — fl. dr. 2 to fl. dr. 4 (7 c.c. to 14 c.c.) 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c), fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Taraxacum, B.P., Liquid Extract of 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Dose — min. 30 to fl. dr. 2 (i-S c.c. to 7 c.c.) 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c), fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
and fl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME' BRAND PRODUCTS 215 

CONCENTRATED INFUSIONS 
r.' 'WELLCOME' BRAND 

' Wellcome ' Brand Concentrated Infusions are made by 

processes which preserve all the activity and aroma of the 

freshly-prepared infusions. They keep indefinitely and are 
convenient in use. 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 

,, Calumba, Concentrated Infusion of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to seven fluid 
ounces of water makes a preparation corresponding to 
Infusion of Calumba, B.P. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. i6 (455 c.c.) 

,, Gentian, Concentrated Compound Inlusion of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to seven fluid 
ounces of water makes a preparation corresponding to 
Compound Infusion of Gentian, B.P. 

Issued in bottles ofji. oz. 16 (455 c.e.) 

,, Quassia, Concentrated Infusion of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to seven fluid 
ounces of water makes a preparation corresponding to 
Infusion of (Quassia, B.P. 

Issued in Iwttles off,, oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Senega, Concentrated Infusion of 

One fluid lumce of this product added to seven fluid 
ounces of water makes a preparation corresponding to 
Infusion of Senega, B. P. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 
For prices, see separate list 



216 



WELLCOME BRAND PRODUCTS 



PHYSIOLOGICALLY STANDARDISED 
B.P. TINCTURES, ;, 'WELLCOME' brand 

The methods adopted for physiologically standardising these 
preparations are based on results obtained in the Wellcome 
Physiological Research Lalioratories and elsewhere, and are 
those which, in the light of our present knowledge, are best 
calculated to give accurate and reliable results. 

'WELLCOME BRANu-^ 

,, Cannabis Indica, B. P., Tincture of 

(Physiologically Controlled, IVclltome Physiological 
Research Laboratories) 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Dose — min. 5 to min. 15 (gtt. 5 to o-q c.c.) 

Issued in bottles off,, oz. 4 (114 c.c.),f. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Digitalis, B.P., Tincture of 

(Physiologically Standardised, Wellcome Physiological 
Research Laboratories ) 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Dose — min. 5 to min. 15 (gtt. 5 to 09 c.c.) 

Issued in bottles off. oz. ^ [114 c.c.),f. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andf. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Squill, B.P., Tincture of 

(Physiologically Standardised, Wellcome Physiological 
Research Laboratories) 

This preparation is made strictly according to the 
official method. 

Dose — min. 5 to min. 15 (gtt. 5 to o-g c.c.) 

Issued in bottles off. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
aiuif. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

For prices, see separate list 



WELLCOME liKAND PRODUCTS 



217 



CONCENTRATED TINCTURES 
KS.' 'WELLCOME' brand 
' Wellcome ' Brand Concentrated Tinctures are prepared 
from picked drugs by a special process which retains the full 
therapeutic value, whilst the aroma of the diluted preparations 
is equal to that of tinctures prepared by the usual methods. 
They are specially suitable for dispensing, and their diminished 
bulk renders them convenient and economical for transport and 
storage. 

Dilution of 907, alcohol to weaker official strengths to produce 
9 fluid ounces of — 



70% alcohol 



60% alcohol 



45% alcohol 



20% alcohol 



Take of 
90% alcohol 



7 fl. oz., 

and make up 

to 9 tl. oz., 

witli water 



6 fl. oz., 

•lud make up 

to g fl. oz., 

with water 



4 fl. oz., 

and make up 

to 9 fl. oz., 

with water 



2 fl. oz., 

and make up 

to 9 fl. oz., 

with water 



WELLCOME' BRAND— 

,, Aconite, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (70 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Aconite, B. P. 

Issued in boltks ofjl. oz. 4 (114 ''■'^'■),/- oz. 8 (227 (•.(•.) 
andjl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Arnica, Concentratetl Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (70 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Arnica, B. P. 

Issued in bottles ofJl. o^. 4 (114 f.c.),Jl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andji. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Benzoin, Concentrated Compound Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to three fluid 
ounces of alcohol (90 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Compound Tincture of Benzoin, B.P. 

Issued in bottles of Jl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),Jl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andJl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 



For prices, see separate list 



218 'wia.i.CdME ' nRANi:> prouucts 

' Wellcome ' Brand Products — continued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Caluml)a, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (6o per cent.) makes a preparation 
correspondinij U> Tincture of Calumba, B. P. 

Issued ill bottles off. o-z. 4 (114 t.e.),Ji. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
atidjl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Camphor, Concentrated Compound Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (60 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Compound Tincture of Camphor, B.P. 
Issued ill bottles off. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),f. oz. 8 [22^ c.c.) 
aiidf. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Cannabis Indica, Concentrated Tincture of {Physiologically 

Controlled, Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories) 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 

ounces of alcohol (90 per cent.) makes a preparation 

corresponding to Tincture of Cannabis Indica, B.P. 

Issued ill bottles off. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),f. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
aiidf. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Cantliarides, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (90 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Cantharides, B.P. 

Issued in bottles off. ^s. 4 (114 c.r. ),_//. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 {455 c.c.) 

,, Capsicum, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (70 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Capsicum, B. P. 

Isstied in bottles off. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),f. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 
,, Cardamoms, Concentrated Compound Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (60 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Compound Tincture of Cardamoms, B. P. 

Issued ill bottles off. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),f. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
aiidf. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME' BKAND PKODUCTS 219 

'Wellcome' Brand Products — continued 

'WELLCOME' BKANi.-- 
,, Cascarilla, Concenlrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (70 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Cascarilla, B. P. 

Issued in bottles ofjl. oz. 4 (i 14 c.c. ),Ji. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
ami Ji. oz. 16 (455 c.c] 

,, Catechu, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to two fluid 
ounces of alcohol (60 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Catechu, B. V. 

Issued in bottles ofji. oz. 4 (114 c.c), Jl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
and fl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Chiretla, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (60 per cent. ) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Chiretta, B. P. 

Issued in bottles of fl. oz. 4 {114 c.c.),Jl. oz. S (227 c.c.) 
and/1, oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Cimicifuga, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this pnjduct added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (60 per cent. ) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Cimicifuga, B. P. 

Issued in bottles ofJl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),Jl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andjl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Cinchona, Concentrated Compound Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 

ounces of alcohol (70 per cent.) makes a preparation 

corresponding to Compound Tincture of Cinchona, B. P. 

Issued in bottles ofJl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),Ji. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 

andJl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Cinchona, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (70 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Cinchona, B.P. 

Issued in bottles ofJl. oz. 4 (114 r.^-. ),_/?. oz. 8 (227 r.c-.) 
andJl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

For prices, see separate list 



220 ' WELLCOME' BRAND PRODUCTS 

' Wellcome ' Brand Products — contimted 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 

,, Cinnamon, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (70 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Cinnamon, B. P. 

Issued in bottles ofji. oz. 4(1 14 c.c. ), _/?. oz. 8 (227 c.c. ) 
atidfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Cochineal, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (45 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Cochineal, B. P. 

Issued in bottles ofJl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),Jl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andjl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Colchicum Seeds, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (45 per cent. ) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Colchicum Seeds, B. P. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),jL oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
and/L oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Coniuni, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (70 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Conium, B.P. 

Issued in bottles offi. oz. 4(114 c.c. ),Jl. oz. 8 (227 c.c. ) 
and fl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

„ Cubebs, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (90 per cent. ) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Cubebs, B. P. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
atidfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME ' BRAND I'RODUCTS 221 

' Wellcome ' Brand Products— continued 

WELLCOME' BRAND— 

,, Digitalis, Concentrated Tincture of 

(Physiologically Standardised, Wellcone Physiological 
Research Laboratories ) 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (60 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Digitalis, B.P. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),fi. oz. 8 (227 r.r.) 
and ft. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Gelsemium, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (60 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Gelsemium, B. P. 

Iss2ied in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c), fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. 0^. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Gentian, Concentrated Compound Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (45 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Compound Tincture of Gentian, B. P. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

., Ginger, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol {90 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Ginger, B.P. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Hamamelis, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (45 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Hamamelis, B.P. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c), fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
and Jl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

For prices, see separate list 



WELLCOME BRAND PRODUCTS 



' Wellcome ' Brand Products — continued 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 

,, Hops, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (60 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Hops, B. P. 

Issued hi bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),Jl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andjl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Hydrastis, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (60 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Hydrastis, B. P. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 {114 c.c.),fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Hyoscyamus, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (45 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Hyoscyamus, B.P. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Iodine, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (90 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Iodine, B. P. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Jaborandi, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (45 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Jaborandi, B.P. 

Issitedin bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c), fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

For prices, see separate list 



'WELLCOME' BRAND PRODUCTS 223 



'Wellcome' Brand Products— confinueii 
'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Jalap, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (70 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Jalap, B. P. 

Issued i7i bottles off., oz. 4 (114 c.c.),f. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andf. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Krameria, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (60 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Krameria, K. P. 

Issued in bottles off. oz. 4 (114 c.c), f. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andf. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, I^a vender, Concentrated Compound Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (90 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Compound Tincture of Lavender, B.P. 

Issued in bottles off. <?=. 4 (114 c.c.),f. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andf. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Lobelia, Concentrated Ethereal Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of Spirit of Ether, B. P., makes a preparation 
corresponding to Ethereal Tincture of Lobelia, B.P. 

Issued in bottles off. oz. 4 (i 14 c.c.),f. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andf. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Myrrh, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to lour fluid 
ounces of alcohol (90 per cent. ) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Myrrh, 1!. P. 

Issued in bottles off. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),f. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andf. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

For prices, see separate list 



224 ' WELLCOME' BRAND PRODUCTS 

' Wellcome ' Brand Products— coniznueii 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 
,, Opium, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (45 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Opium, B. P. 

Issued in bottles off., os. 4 (114 (-.r.),f. oz. 8 (227 r.r. ) 
andf. oz. 16 (455 c.c.^ 

,, Podophyllum, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (90 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Podophyllum, B. P. 

Issued jn bottles off. oz. 4 (114 c.c), fl. oz. S (227 c.c.) 
a7idf. oz. 16 (455 f..-.) 

,, Pyrethrum, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (70 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Pyrethrum, B.P. 

Issued in bottles off. oz. 4 (114 cc), fl.. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andf. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

„ Rhubarb, Concentrated Compound Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (60 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Compound Tincture of Rhubarb, B.P. 

Issued in bottles off. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),f. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andf. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Saff"ron, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (60 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Saffron, B.P. 

Issued in bottles off. oz. 4 (114 c.c), f. oz. 8 (22y c.c.) 
andf. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Senega, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 

For prices, see separate list 



' WELLCOME' BRAND I'KOUUCTS 225 

' Wellcome ' Brand Prodacts—ccyniiiincii 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 

ounces of alcohol (60 per cent.) makes a preparaiion 
corresponding to Tincture of Senega, B. P. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),Jl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andjl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Senna, Concentrated Compound Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (45 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Compound Tincture of Senna, B. P. 

Issttcd in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Serpentary, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (70 per cent.) makes a preparaiion 
corresponding to Tincture of Serpentary, B.P. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Squill, Concentrated Tincture of 

(Physiologically Standardised, Wellcome Physiological 
Research Laboratories ) 

One fluid ounce of this product, added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (60 per cent. ) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Squill, I>. 1'. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c.),fl. oz. 8 (227 '■.'■) 
andfl. oz. 16 {455 c.c.) 

,, Stramonium, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (45 per cent. ) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Stramonium, B.P. 

Issued in bottles offl. oz. 4 (114 c.c), fl. oz. 8 (227 c.c.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 c.c.) 

,, Strophanthus, ('oncentrated Tincture of 

(Physiologically Standa7-dised, Wellcome Physiological 
Research Laboratories ) 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
For prices, see separate list 



226 ' WELLCOME' BKAND PRODUCTS 

' Wellcome ' Brand Products— ct>ut/>med 

'WELLCOME' BRAND— 

ounces of alcoliol (70 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Strophanthus, B.P. 

Issued in bottles of Jl. oz. 4 (114 c.i.),Ji. oz. S (227 c.i.) 
audfl. oz. 16 (455 i.e.) 

,, Sumbul, Concentrated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to nine fluid 
ounces of alcohol (70 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Sumhul, B.P. 

Iss7ied in bottles of fl. oz. 4 (114 e.e.),Jl. oz. 8 (227(-.(-.) 
and Jl. oz. 16 (455 e.e.) 

,, Tolu, Concentrated Tincture of Balsam of 

One fluid ounce of this product added to four fluid 
ounces of alcohol (90 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Tincture of Balsam of Tolu, B. P. 

Issued in bottles off. oz. 4 (114 c.e.),f. oz. 8 (227 e.e.) 
andfl. oz. i6(455r.r.) 

,, Valerian, Concentrated Ammoniated Tincture of 

One fluid ounce of lliis product added to three fluid 
ounces of alcohol (60 per cent.) makes a preparation 
corresponding to Ainmoniated Tincture of Valerian, B.P. 

Issued in bottles off. oz. 4 (114 e.e.),f. oz. 8 (227 e.e.) 
andfl. oz. 16 (455 e.e.) 

For prices, see separate list 



SPECIAL LEAFLET 

Containing dh-ections tor preparing Tinctures 
of B.P. strength by diluting 'Wellcome' 
Concentrated Tinctures, supplied on request 




TKADE 'ALAXA' mark 

Aromatic Liqueur of Cascara Sagrada 
' Alaxa ' arcjmatic liqueur presents 2. fluid cascara 

of marked therapeutic efficiency. It is the result of 

specialised study and research, 

and embodies the nearest 

approach to the isolation of 

the pure active principle of 

cascara sagrada yet obtained. 
' Alaxa ' aromatic liqueur 

presents in a pleasant and 

acceptable condition the tonic 

laxative properties of true 

cascara bark. It reinforces 

digestion, ensures normal 

activity, and renders unneces- 
sary the use of after-dinner pills or digestive aids. 
Its palatability and gentle laxative action render it 

ideal in the treatment of the constipation 

^ In constipa- 

of pregnancy, and commend it in cases tion during 

, , ,. . 11^ J pregnancy 

where the digestive system lacks tone, and 
especially for administration to the aged and feeble. 
' Alaxa ' aromatic liqueur is perfectly stable, and 
neither ferments nor deposits on keeping. 

Supplied in bottles of 4 fluid ounces 



Greatly reduced 

One fluid drachm contains 
the equivalent of twenty-four 
minims of Liquid Extract of 
Cascara Sagrada, B.P. 



(See also pnige 



lOSy* 



BURROUGHS WHLLCOME & CO., London (Eng.) 

Branches : 

New York Montreal Sydney Cape Town Shanghai 

o o o 
Offices and Warehouses: 

Canada — 

101-104, CORISTINE BUILDING 

ST. NICHOLAS & ST. PAUL STS., MONTREAL 

Cable Address — " T'aisloid, Moxtue.al" 

G.P.O. Box—"^^-," Telephone iVo.— " Main 93" 

000 

United States— 

45. LAFAYETTE STREET, NEW YORK CITY 

Cables &= Marconigrains — "Tabloid, New York" 

Telephone No. — " 1350 Franklin" P.O. Box No. — " 132" 

ABC and Lieber's Telegraphic Codes used 

000 

Depots in Canada : 



St. John, N.B. — A. Chipman- 
Smith & Co. 

Toronto, Ont. — W. J. A & H. 
Carnahan, cor. Yonge and Bloor 
Streets ; and cor. Carlton and 
Church .Streets 



Winnipeg, Man. — W. V. C. lirath- 
waite ; and The Gordon 
Mitchell Drug Co. 

Vancouver, B.C.— W. M. Harrison 
&Co. 



Depots in U.S.A. 



Atlanta, Ga. — Jacobs' Pharmacy 
Co., 10, Marietta .Street 

Boston, Mass. — Eastern Drug Co., 
8-20, Fulton Street 

Chicago, III.— E. H. Buehler, 
134, Lake Street 

Dallas, Texas — J. W. Crovvdus 
Drug Co. 

DuLUTH, Minn. — Leithhead Drug 
Co. 

Houston, Texas — Houston Drug 
Co., 102, Travis Street 

Indianapolis, Ind. — Kiefer Drug 
Co. 

Kansas City, Mo. — Faxon & 
Gallagher 

Los Angeles, Cal. — Brunswig 
Drug Co. (late F. W. Braun & 
Co.), 501, N. Main Street 

Louisville, Ky. — Robinson-Pettet 
Co., 528-532, West Main Street 



New Orleans, La.— Finlay, Dicks 
& Co., Magazine and Common 
Streets 

Philadelphia, Pa.— Smith, Kline 
& French Co., 429-435, Arch 
Street 

Phcenix, Ariz.— N. jM. Miller 

Portland, Oregon— The Clarke 
Woodward Drug Co., 401-407, 
Hoyt Street 

San Antonio, Tex. — San Antonio 
Drug Co. 

San Francisco, Cal. — Langley 
& Michaels Co., 34-40, First 
Street 

Seattle, Wash. — Stewart Holmes 
Drug Co., 209-211, Third 
Avenue Street 

St. Louis, Mo. — Meyer Bros. Drug 
Co., Fourth and Clark .Streets 

St. Paul, Minn.— Noyes Bros. & 
Cutler, 396-408, Sibley Street 



B. W. & Co. Products may be obtained of all Pliarmacists 



MEMORANDA 



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MEMORANDA 



t 



MEMORANDA 



MEMORANDA 



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MEMORANDA 



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MEMORANDA 



MEMORANDA 



'Tabloid' brand First-Aid 



Automobilists, Aeronauts, Yachtsmen, Sportsmen, Travellers, 
Tourists, etc. 

Compact outfits of bandages and first-aid accessories, etc., 
suitable for patients' use when travelling. 




Cases 

and 

contents 

are of the 

B. W. & Co. 

sterling 

quality 



No. 702. 'Tabloid ' First-Aid (Royal Blue ecaraelled leather) — closed 
Measarements : 7 X Sj X 2| m. 

No. 702. 'Tabloid' Brand FIRST -Aid 

Contains ' Tabloid ' Bandages and Dressings, ' Vaporole ' Aromatic 
.Ammonia, for use as "Smelling Salts," 'Eorofax,' ' Hazeline ' Cream, Sal 
Volatile. Cairon Oil, tourniquet, gutta-percha tissue, plaster, protective 
skin, scissors, pin.s, etc., and eight tubes of 'Tabloid' and ' Soloid ' I'.rand 
products. 



In Rex Red, Royal 
Blue or Brewster 
Green enamelled 
eather. 




No. 702. 'Tabloid' Firnt Aid (Brewster Green enamelled leather) — open 
(Six also page 103J 



230 



TAIiLOID FIRST-AID 



No. 707. 



'Tabloid' Brand First-Aid 



Contain.*; 
'Tabloid' 
Ban dage s 
and Dress- 
ings, 'Va- 
p o r o 1 e 
Aromatic 
Ammonia, 
for use as 
Smelling 
Salts, ' Boro- 
fa.x,' Carron 
Oil, plaster, 
protective - 
skin, pins, Si 
etc., and six 
tubes of 
'Tabloid" 
and ' Soloid ' 
Brand pro- 
ducts. 

In Rex 
Red, Royal 
Blue or 
Brewster 
Green enam- 
elled metal, 
or in alumin- 
ised metal. 




■Tabloid' First-Aid (Rex Red enamelled metal) 
Mea.'jarement.s : 6i X '-ix X 2 in. 



No. 712. 'Tabloid' Brand First-Aid 




Contains 'Tabloid' Band- 
ages and Dressings, ' Vapo- 
role ' Aromatic Ammonia, for 
use as " Smelling Salts," 
' Borofax,' Carron Oil, plaster, 
protective skin, pins. etc.. 
and six tubes of ' Tabloid ' 
and ' Soloid ' Brand products. 



In Rex 
Red, Royal 
Blue or 
Brewster 
Green enam- 
elled metal, 
or in alumin- 
ised metal. 



No. 712. 'Tabloid' tiisi-Aid (Brewster Green enamelled metal) 
Measurements: ei^ X •Jj X 2 in 

(See also pai^c \oi) 



FIRST-AID 



231 



The medicinal contents of these cases are selected in view of 
emergency requirements, but, if desired, they can be fitted with 
' Tabloid ' and ' Soloid ' Brand products selected by the 
purchaser's physician, so that a prescribed course of treatment 



mav be continued whilst travelling. 



No. 715. 



'Tablcjid' Brand FIRST -Aid 




No. 715. 



' Tabloid ' First- Aid (Black japanned metal) 
MeasureTnents 7^ X 44 X 2 in. 



Contains ' Tabloid ' Bandages and Dressing.s, ' Vaporole ' Aromatic 
Ammonia, for use a.s "Smellin.g Salts," ' Borofax,' Sal Volatile, Carrdn Oil. 
gutta-percha tis.sue, plaster, protective .skin, scissors, pins, etc., and eight 
tubes of ' Tabloid ' and ' Soloid ' Brand products. 

In Rex Red, Royal Blue or Brew.ster Green enamelled metal, or in 
aluminised or black japanned metal. 



No. 723. 



Tabloid' Br.ind First-Aid 



Contains 'Tabloid Bandages and Dre.ssings, 'Vaporole' Aromatic 
Ammonia, for use as ".Smelling Salts," 'Borofax,' ' Hazeline ' Cream, Sal 
Volatile, Carron Oil, lancet, tourniquet, gutta-percha tissue, plaster, 
protective skin, .scissors, pins, etc., and nine tubes of 'Tabloid' and 
' Soloid ' Brand products. 

In Rex Red, Royal Blue or Brewster Green enamelled metal, or in 
aluminised metal. (Scv illustration overlea/i 

(Sff also fiagc 103^ 



23'2 



TAULOID I'HOTOGKArillC OUTFIT 




For ticscription^ 
sec fijcz'io us page 



No. 72;i. 'Tabloid' First-Aid (Royal Blue enamelletl rri^-t:il) 
MeiLsurernRiiLs : S X 5i X 2j in . 



No. 905. 'Tabloid' BranJ Photographic Outfit 




A complete compact chemi- 
cal ovitlit for developing and 
fixing plates, film^, bromide 
or gaslight papers, and for 
toning and fixing P.O. P. 

Contents make over one- 
and-a-half gallons of solution. 

In Rex Red, Royal Blue, 
Imperial Green or liright 
Scarlet enamelled metal, or 
in black jap.anned metal. 



Mo. 905. ■ Tabloid ' Photographic Outfit 

(Bright Scarlet enamelled metal) 

Measureraenls; 4 X •! X 2^ in 

This Outfit is especially convenient for physici.'rns and surgeons. It 
enables them to keep in small bulk, and ready for immediate use, reliable 
chemicals suitable for developing clinical photographs or radiographs. 



{Sec also f>age 130 J 



TKAUE ' HEMISINE ' MARK 

'Hemisine' presents the active principle of the 
iiiedulhi of the supra-renal gland, having the charac- 
teristic vaso-constrictor, hemostatic and 
astringent properties. It is physiologically ^g^'^^'y 
standardised, and uniformly represents the f^^f""^' 
supreme activity of the supra-renal principle. 
' Hemisine ' products are reliable and uniform, and 
their power is exact and certain. E^or the convenience 
of practitioners who prefer a liquid preparation, 

' Hemisine ' is issued in 
solution of a strength of 
I in looo in amber- coloured 
stoppered bottles of 5 c.c. 
and 10 c.c. 

'Soloid' Sodium Chloride, 
which is issued with 
' Hemisine ' i in 1000 
solution, affords a ready 
and convenient means of 
preparing normal saline 
for use when dilution is 
required. 
A ' Vaporole ' product is also issued in hermetically- 
sealed containers of i c.c. ' Vaporole ' ' Hemisine ' is 
sterile, and is pre-eminently suitable for the preparation 
of convenient cjuautities of aseptic solutions. 

For full fjarticiilura of the phannacology and therapeutics of 
'Hemisine,' see special boohlet 




Beduced facsimile 







(Sec also Formulary) 






^4f 


f¥ 


'j^fj^fj^fj^ 


w. 


■jp 



Hrgotoxine and 'Hrnutin' Products 

(Trade Ma>-k) 

The alkaloid Ekgotoxine, one of the active thera- 
peutic principles of Ergot, can be obtained in a state of 
chemical purity from its phosphate, which is a crystal- 
line salt having a definite melting point (Jouvn. Chem. 
Soc, 1907, 91, 337 ; and Chaiiisf and Druggist [Loud.], 
Jan. 30, igog, p. 150). 

' Tabloid ' Hypodermic Ergotoxine presents the 
alkaloid as a soluble salt in a chemically pure con- 
dition and in accurate and convenient 
doses. It is also issued in combination 
with Morphine and with Strychnine. 

' Ernutin ' presents the active thera- 
peutic principles of Ergot, the alkaloid 
I'2rgotoxine, and the organic base ^-Hy- 
droxyphenylethylamine, both of which 
have been shown by recent research 
to produce the characteristic blood- 
pressure and contraction of the uterus. 
'Ernutin' is Ergot — minus its 




"ERNUTIN- 

(fffr oral admsistrsnsi') 

,. ''°is°'' 11 

>ll'Ui|iiUMiTljiiii|l!LdilliiHtllii'itj'>"'!| 

i iiijiiiiuiiiiiu iiili. mini""" 

■IriunllMIbuUI uuiiuIIhu 
"liBiuiaiiamill miiuiml i^»^ \ 

isE~iiiiiimiiiiimiirauuiHHlH",jj 

PirilllH 

ll'lillllllllllltlllU.IIIUJIIIIllllllll I" 

1''"imiUlllllliullit.rllIllilll||ll<l'l'" 



'iimiiiglisVellcDineS'?' 

J;«»oo?(E.G;i,NE«Yoi;«i| 

Sjiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiigg] 






uncertainties of constitution. Its action 
is not restrained, hindered or complicated 
by useless constituents as in Ergot, and 
is, therefore, more certain, constant and 
reliable. 

' Ernutin,' administered after normal 
confinements, prevents or arrests haemorrhage, promptly 
produces a firm contraction of the uterus, improves the 
tone of the uterine muscle and assists involution. In 
the treatment of post-partum hemorrhage the superiority 
of ' Ernutin ' over Ergot is specially marked. 
(See ahu pages 113 and 183^ 



TRADE ' S O A M I N ' MARK- 



(Sodium Para-aminophenylarsonate) 

An important Arylarsonate for use in the treatment of syphilis, 
trypanosomiasis and other protozoal diseases 

' SoAMiN ' is an important arylarsonate — organic 
arsenical salt of the aromatic series — which is the 
result of researches and investigations 
by Burroughs Wellcome & Co. It is 
stable, uniform in action, and is of low 
toxicity as compared with arsenious 
acid or the inorganic salts of arsenic. 
'Soamin' contains 22'8 per cent, of 
arsenium (As), and is soluble in five 
parts of water at 60° F., and in three 
parts at body temperature, giving a 
neutral solution which can be sterilised. 
Clinical reports obtained in a series 
of cases of syphilis efficiently demon- 
strate that ' So AM IN ' may be 
considered a specific. In 
most cases complete disappearance of the 
symptoms resulted, and there was marked increase 
in weight, with improvement in general health. 

'Soamin' should be administered by subcutaneous 
or, preferably, by intraiimscular injection. 

' Soamin ' is issued in 5 i^raiiiiiie and 30 graninie containers, 
and as ' '/'a/doid'' products, gr. I, gr. 5 a//d o-^ {'■ram///e. 

For full particulars, see special ' Soamin ' booklet 

(See iilsu Furinitlciry) 




Huight ot boule 
3 in. 



Clinical 
results 



'»"si 'Wellcome' brand Chloroform 

Tlie variability of the results obtained in the 
administration of chloroform as an anaesthetic, is 
in many cases ascribed to the materials used or to 
the methods adopted in manufacture. 

'Wellcome' Brand Chloroform has been intro- 
duced to overcome this variability. It 
is constant in composition 
Constant .^^^^^ uniform in results. Its 

and uniform 

use removes the source of 
many accidents which have hitherto 
been regarded as grave objections to 
the employment of chloroform as j(fe-__ 
an anaesthetic. ' ^\'ellcome ' Brand 
Chloroform is also particularly charac- 
terised by containing that amount, 
small yet definite, of ethyl chloride 
which clinical experience has proved 
to be so beneficial in the initial 

■ Wellcome ' Bratid 

stao^es of the induction of chloroform chloroform m j-ib. 

* dropping-bottle. 

anaesthesia. ^^'«^*' °f ^°'"^ '■ * ^ 




rij CHLOROFORM 

a! 023^ 




In the production of 'Wellcome' Brand Chloro- 
form the greatest care is taken to ensure the highest 
attainable degree of purity. It is characterised by 
freedom from chlorine, h\drochloric acid, carbonyl 
chloride (phosgene), and other products of de- 
composition, which irritate the respiratory tract and 
often cause dangerous cardiac depression. 



■ WELLCOME' BRAND CHLOROFORM 



237 




IlluBtration showing method of 

breaking point of hermeticaUy- 

sealed tube 



'Wellcome' Brand Chloroform tubes have 
now been fitted with a specially-designed dropping 
apparatus. 
This con- 
sists of a 
glass tube, 
drawn out 
to a capil- 
lary h e r - 
ni e t i c a 1 1 y- 
sealed 
point, bent 

over, and so constructed that it can be broken off 

by exerting 
the slightest °;°P" 
pressure of 
the t h u m b - n a i 1 
placed under the 
bent point [str illus- 
tration). Tlie tubes, 
after fracture, can 
tlien be used as 
drop-bottles. The orifice can be effectually closed 
and protected, after use, by placing over it a cork 
or some such protective covering. 
'Wellcome' Brand Chloroform conforms to B.P. requirements 

(See also p. 191 : and ' Wellcome^ Chemicah /'rice List) 




Illustration showing tube in use 
in place of a drnpping-bottle 



9^^^^^^^E^,^^,: ^E^M^^^ E^)i 



\ 



5^ 



^ 



a 



^ 



K 



^ 



^ 



K 



m 




Burroughs Wellcome & Co.'s Offices, Warehouses 

Works and Depots in England, Australia 

South Africa and Italy 



BURROUGHS WELLCOME & CO. 

WERE A W A K n E D 

THREE GRAND PRIZES 

A N' I ) 

THREE GOLD MEDALS 

A T T H IC 

International Exposition at St. Louis, 1904 

SIX GRAND PRIZES 
THREE DIPLOMAS OF HONOUR 

AND 

THREE GOLD MEDALS 

AT TlIK 

International Exhibition at Liege, 1905 

THREE GRAND PRIZES 
THREE DIPLOMAS OF HONOUR 

A N I) 

ONE COLD MEDAL 

at the 

International Exhibition at Milan, 1906 

# 
SEVEN GRAND PRIZES 

ONE DIPLOMA OF HONOUR 

AND 

TWO GOLD MEDALS 

A r •]■ li h: 

Franco-British Exhibition, London, 1908 



MAKING IN ALL MORE THAN 

220 HIGHEST AWARDS 

CONFERRED UPON THE FIRM FOR THE 

SCIENTIFIC EXCELLENCE 

OF THEIR Products at the Great Exhibitions 

OF the World 




Librarv 

Wellcome Che.wical Research Laboratories 

King Street, London (England) 

This Institution is absolutely separate from the business 

of Burroughs Wellcoa\e & Co.. and is under separate 

and distinct direction, although in this Institution a large amount 

of important scientific work is carried out for the firm. 



Wellcome Chemical Research Laboratories 

\V ERE A \V A R D E D 

ONE GRAND PRIZE 

AN D 

THREE GOLD MEDALS 

A T THE 

International Exposition at St. Louis, 1904 

ONE GRAND PRIZE 
ONE DIPLOMA OF HONOUR 

AND 

TWO GOLD MEDALS 

A T T H E 

International Exhibition at Liege, 1905 

ONE GRAND PRIZE 

at the 

International Exhibition at Milan, 1906 



TWO GRAND PRIZES 

AT THE 

Franco-British Exhibition, London, 1908 

V o R 
Chemical and PHARMAcdCNosTicAL Research 

etc., ETC. 




1 — Bacteriological and Pathological Laboratories. 2 — Laboratory for Physio- 
logical and Bacteriological Chemistry 3 — One of the Stables. 4 — General 
View. 5 — Physiological Laboratory. 6 — Laboratory for preparing nutrient 
media 7 — Secretary's OfBce. 8 — Serum Laboratory. 

Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories 

Herne Hill, London (England) 

This Institution is absolutely separate from tlie business 

of Burroughs Wellcome & Co., and is under separate 

and distinct direction, although in this Institution a large amount 

of important scietuific work is carried out for the firm. 



Wellcome Physiological Research Laboratories 

WERE AWAKUED 

ONE GRAND PRIZE 

AND 

ONE GOLD MEDAL 

A T THE 

International Exposition at St. Louis, 1904 
ONE GRAND PRIZE 

AND 

TWO GOLD MEDALS 

at the 

International Exhibition at Liege, 1905 

ONE GRAND PRIZE 

at the 

International Exhibition at Milan, 1906 

TWO GRAND PRIZES 



AT t hi; 



F RANCO- B R I tish Exhibition, London, 190! 



KO K 

Physiological Research and Preparations 
ETC., etc. 



'Kepler' Malt Products 



'Rki'LEr' Malt Extract is prepared from the 
finest winter-malted barley. It contains the true 
mall tliastatic ferment, and is rich in maltose, 
phosphates and albuminoids. 

'Kkpler' Solution (of Cod Liver Oil in Malt 
Extract) is a molecular 
incorporation of the finest 
cod liver oil with ' IvEPLEr' 
Malt Extract. 
J^.y'^r^ It is the ideal 

fat food 

fat fcjod anil 
is highly palatable and 



digestible. 



As a galacto- 



3^ 



MUTmilViT 






-\ v> ' 



BuBiiajcilsWtLitDMfsC' 



CX 



y 



u. 




Greatly reduced 



(jogue it is invaluable. 

'Kepler' Malt Products 
combine tonic, alterative 
and digestive properties. 
They present a stable, well-balanced and highly- 
jjj j^j concentrated food, and are especially 

concentrated suitable for use when the functions of 
^°°'^ digestion and absorption are impaired. 

Consumptive patients and members of phthisical 
families derive great benefit from moderate doses 
regularly administered. 'Kepler' Products are 
pleasant in aroma and flavour ; they are readily 
■ taken by children and inxalids. 

Supplied in bottles of tzvo sizes 
See a /so page i 20 



R Wsllcome, (Sir) Henry Solomon 
4-91 Medicine- in antient Erin 

Biological 
8t Medical 



PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE 
CARDS OR SLIPS FROM THIS POCKET 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY 





HOSPITAL 



/> J^ 




s rm^ 




S I ' 




»■= XtcA^r-^"^ 



C:3t^''^ vv^!| 





f^^sT=^ 




Plan of Central 



;L ASSOCl ATI ON . 1909 



/<9,/a/^^